skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: General-purpose heat source development: Extended series test program SRB fragment/fuselage tests

Abstract

General-Purpose Heat Source radioisotope thermoelectric generators (GPHS-RTGs) will provide electrical power for the NASA Galileo and European Space Agency (ESA) Ulysses missions. Each GPHS-RTG comprises two major components: GPHS modules, which provide thermal energy, and a thermoelectric converter, which converts the thermal energy into electrical power. Each of the 18 GPHS modules in a GPHS-RTG contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled capsules. LANL conducted a series of safety verification tests on the GPHS-RTG before the scheduled May 1986 launch of the Galileo spacecraft to assess the ability of the GPHS modules to contain plutonia in potential accident environments. As a result of the Challenger 51-L accident in January 1986, NASA postponed the launch of Galileo; the spacecraft launch vehicle was reconfigured and the spacecraft trajectory modified. These actions prompted NASA to reevaluate potential mission accidents and the extended series safety test program was initiated. This program included a series of solid rocket booster (SRB) fragment/fuselage tests that simulated the interaction of SRB fragments generated in an SRB motor case rupture (or resulting from a range safety officer SRB destruct action) with sections of the Shuttle Orbiter. The test data helped verify and refine the analytical models of the SRB fragment/fuselage interaction.more » The results showed that the fragment velocity decreased significantly (up to 40%) after penetrating the Orbiter section(s). The interactions also reduced, and in some cases eliminated, the original fragment rotational rate and direction and initiated rotation in other directions. 5 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6074413
Report Number(s):
LA-11574
ON: DE89014389
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; ACCIDENTS; SIMULATION; SPACECRAFT POWER SUPPLIES; DESIGN; PLUTONIUM OXIDES; RADIOISOTOPE HEAT SOURCES; SAFETY; THERMOELECTRIC GENERATORS; ACTINIDE COMPOUNDS; CHALCOGENIDES; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERTERS; ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; EQUIPMENT; HEAT SOURCES; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLUTONIUM COMPOUNDS; POWER SUPPLIES; TRANSURANIUM COMPOUNDS; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems; 070300* - Isotopic Power Supplies

Citation Formats

Cull, T A. General-purpose heat source development: Extended series test program SRB fragment/fuselage tests. United States: N. p., 1989. Web. doi:10.2172/6074413.
Cull, T A. General-purpose heat source development: Extended series test program SRB fragment/fuselage tests. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6074413
Cull, T A. Thu . "General-purpose heat source development: Extended series test program SRB fragment/fuselage tests". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6074413. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6074413.
@article{osti_6074413,
title = {General-purpose heat source development: Extended series test program SRB fragment/fuselage tests},
author = {Cull, T A},
abstractNote = {General-Purpose Heat Source radioisotope thermoelectric generators (GPHS-RTGs) will provide electrical power for the NASA Galileo and European Space Agency (ESA) Ulysses missions. Each GPHS-RTG comprises two major components: GPHS modules, which provide thermal energy, and a thermoelectric converter, which converts the thermal energy into electrical power. Each of the 18 GPHS modules in a GPHS-RTG contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled capsules. LANL conducted a series of safety verification tests on the GPHS-RTG before the scheduled May 1986 launch of the Galileo spacecraft to assess the ability of the GPHS modules to contain plutonia in potential accident environments. As a result of the Challenger 51-L accident in January 1986, NASA postponed the launch of Galileo; the spacecraft launch vehicle was reconfigured and the spacecraft trajectory modified. These actions prompted NASA to reevaluate potential mission accidents and the extended series safety test program was initiated. This program included a series of solid rocket booster (SRB) fragment/fuselage tests that simulated the interaction of SRB fragments generated in an SRB motor case rupture (or resulting from a range safety officer SRB destruct action) with sections of the Shuttle Orbiter. The test data helped verify and refine the analytical models of the SRB fragment/fuselage interaction. The results showed that the fragment velocity decreased significantly (up to 40%) after penetrating the Orbiter section(s). The interactions also reduced, and in some cases eliminated, the original fragment rotational rate and direction and initiated rotation in other directions. 5 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.},
doi = {10.2172/6074413},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6074413}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {6}
}