skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Assessment of national consequences of increased coal utilization. Executive summary

Abstract

This report is a summation of the efforts of personnel at six national laboratories and in the U.S. Department of Energy. In addressing the set of National Energy Plan (NEP) scenario assumptions, ten technical areas were considered: Siting, Air Quality, Western Long-Range Transport of Sulfur, Eastern Long-Range Transport of Sulfur, Water Quality, Water Availability, Solid Waste, Local Socioeconomics, National Economics, and Health Effects. The major constraints to reaching NEP coal use goals, which are 160 GWe of new utility coal use and 4.5 Quads of new industrial coal use, appear to be those pertaining to air quality. They involve the siting of utility and industrial sources in or near nonattainment areas or Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Class I areas. Siting constrants can be expected as well in PSD Class II areas where allowable TSP and/or SO/sub 2/ increments are almost exhausted. Further restrictions would be caused by potential short-term SO/sub 2/ and TSP National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) violations. Thirty-five percent of new utility coal use may be affected by these constraints. Up to 60% of new industrial coal use is potentially restricted due to these regulations. Implementation of NEP initiatives should not cause increased public health impacts.more » Water quality and water availability constraints on site-specific bases are expected. Solid waste does not appear to be a constraint for achieving NEP coal use goals. Neither national economic nor regional socioeconomic impacts appear to cause major restrictions to reaching NEP goals. Yet, there may be major socioeconomic impacts on a local basis where large-scale energy facilities will be located in areas of low assimilative capacity. Uncertainties surrounding the regulatory framework may significantly affect impact analyses and should be taken into consideration.« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA); Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA); California Univ., Berkeley (USA). Lawrence Berkeley Lab.; Los Alamos Scientific Lab., NM (USA); Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA); Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6073803
Report Number(s):
TID-29425(Vol.2)
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; BOILERS; AIR POLLUTION; COAL; FORECASTING; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; SITE SELECTION; NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; SOLID WASTES; WASTE DISPOSAL; SULFATES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; SULFUR DIOXIDE; WATER RESOURCES; AVAILABILITY; WATER QUALITY; AIR QUALITY; COAL MINING; COAL PREPARATION; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; REGIONAL ANALYSIS; REGULATIONS; TRANSPORT; USA; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHALCOGENIDES; COMMINUTION; ECONOMICS; ENERGY POLICY; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MINING; NORTH AMERICA; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; POWER PLANTS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; 010900* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects; 294001 - Energy Planning & Policy- Coal; 290300 - Energy Planning & Policy- Environment, Health, & Safety; 015000 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Economic, Industrial, & Business Aspects; 200202 - Fossil-Fueled Power Plants- Waste Management- Noxious Gas & Particulate Emissions; 010800 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Waste Management

Citation Formats

Not Available. Assessment of national consequences of increased coal utilization. Executive summary. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Not Available. Assessment of national consequences of increased coal utilization. Executive summary. United States.
Not Available. Thu . "Assessment of national consequences of increased coal utilization. Executive summary". United States.
@article{osti_6073803,
title = {Assessment of national consequences of increased coal utilization. Executive summary},
author = {Not Available},
abstractNote = {This report is a summation of the efforts of personnel at six national laboratories and in the U.S. Department of Energy. In addressing the set of National Energy Plan (NEP) scenario assumptions, ten technical areas were considered: Siting, Air Quality, Western Long-Range Transport of Sulfur, Eastern Long-Range Transport of Sulfur, Water Quality, Water Availability, Solid Waste, Local Socioeconomics, National Economics, and Health Effects. The major constraints to reaching NEP coal use goals, which are 160 GWe of new utility coal use and 4.5 Quads of new industrial coal use, appear to be those pertaining to air quality. They involve the siting of utility and industrial sources in or near nonattainment areas or Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Class I areas. Siting constrants can be expected as well in PSD Class II areas where allowable TSP and/or SO/sub 2/ increments are almost exhausted. Further restrictions would be caused by potential short-term SO/sub 2/ and TSP National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) violations. Thirty-five percent of new utility coal use may be affected by these constraints. Up to 60% of new industrial coal use is potentially restricted due to these regulations. Implementation of NEP initiatives should not cause increased public health impacts. Water quality and water availability constraints on site-specific bases are expected. Solid waste does not appear to be a constraint for achieving NEP coal use goals. Neither national economic nor regional socioeconomic impacts appear to cause major restrictions to reaching NEP goals. Yet, there may be major socioeconomic impacts on a local basis where large-scale energy facilities will be located in areas of low assimilative capacity. Uncertainties surrounding the regulatory framework may significantly affect impact analyses and should be taken into consideration.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item. Keep in mind that many technical reports are not cataloged in WorldCat.

Save / Share: