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Title: Screening Prosopis (mesquite) species for biofuel production on semi-arid lands. Final report, April 1, 1978-March 30, 1981

Abstract

Arid adapted nitrogen fixing trees and shrubs of the genus Prosopis (mesquite) have been examined for woody biomass production on semi-arid lands of southwestern United States. A germ-plasm collection of 900 accessions from North and South America and Africa was assembled. Field studies screening for biomass production, frost tolerance, response to irrigation, pod production and heat/drought tolerance involved a total of 80 accessions. Selections made from survivors of coal/frost screening trial had more frost tolerance and biomass productivity than prostrate selections from the ranges of Arizona, New Mexico and west Texas. Thirteen Prosopis species were found to nodulate, reduce acetylene to ethylene, and grow on a nitrogen free media in greenhouse experiments. The salinity tolerance of six Prosopis species was examined on a nitrogen free media in greenhouse experiments. No reduction in growth occurred for any species tested at a salinity of 6000 mg NaC1/L which is considered too saline for normal agricultural crops. Individual trees have grown 5 to 7 cm in basal diameter, and 2.0 to 3.7 meters in height per year and have achieved 50 kg oven dry weight per tree in 2 years with 600 mm water application per year. Vegetative propagation techniques have been developedmore » and clones of these highly productive trees have been made. Small pilots on 1.5 x 1.5 m spacing in the California Imperial Valley had a first and second season dry matter production of 11.7 and 16.9 T/ha for P. chilensis (0009), 7.1 and 6.9 T/ha for P. glandulosa var. torreyana (0001), 9.8 and 19.2 T/ha for P. alba (0039) and 7.9 and 14.5 T/ha for progency of a California ornamental (0163). The projected harvested costs of $25.00 per oven dry ton or $1.50 per million Btu's compare favorable with coal and other alternative fuel sources in South Texas.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Univ., Riverside (USA). Dept. of Soil and Environmental Sciences
OSTI Identifier:
6008971
Report Number(s):
DOE/ET/20023-T1
ON: DE85010048
DOE Contract Number:  
FG01-78ET20023
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; ARID LANDS; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; MESQUITE; CULTIVATION; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; PRODUCTIVITY; BIOCONVERSION; CALIFORNIA; COST; FIELD TESTS; HARVESTING; IRRIGATION; NITROGEN FIXATION; PLANT GROWTH; SALINITY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TEXAS; TOLERANCE; VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION; WOOD FUELS; CLONING; ENERGY SOURCES; FEDERAL REGION IX; FEDERAL REGION VI; FUELS; GROWTH; NORTH AMERICA; PLANTS; TESTING; TREES; USA; 140504* - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Felker, P, Cannell, G H, Clark, P R, Osborn, J F, and Nash, P. Screening Prosopis (mesquite) species for biofuel production on semi-arid lands. Final report, April 1, 1978-March 30, 1981. United States: N. p., 1985. Web. doi:10.2172/6008971.
Felker, P, Cannell, G H, Clark, P R, Osborn, J F, & Nash, P. Screening Prosopis (mesquite) species for biofuel production on semi-arid lands. Final report, April 1, 1978-March 30, 1981. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6008971
Felker, P, Cannell, G H, Clark, P R, Osborn, J F, and Nash, P. Tue . "Screening Prosopis (mesquite) species for biofuel production on semi-arid lands. Final report, April 1, 1978-March 30, 1981". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/6008971. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6008971.
@article{osti_6008971,
title = {Screening Prosopis (mesquite) species for biofuel production on semi-arid lands. Final report, April 1, 1978-March 30, 1981},
author = {Felker, P and Cannell, G H and Clark, P R and Osborn, J F and Nash, P},
abstractNote = {Arid adapted nitrogen fixing trees and shrubs of the genus Prosopis (mesquite) have been examined for woody biomass production on semi-arid lands of southwestern United States. A germ-plasm collection of 900 accessions from North and South America and Africa was assembled. Field studies screening for biomass production, frost tolerance, response to irrigation, pod production and heat/drought tolerance involved a total of 80 accessions. Selections made from survivors of coal/frost screening trial had more frost tolerance and biomass productivity than prostrate selections from the ranges of Arizona, New Mexico and west Texas. Thirteen Prosopis species were found to nodulate, reduce acetylene to ethylene, and grow on a nitrogen free media in greenhouse experiments. The salinity tolerance of six Prosopis species was examined on a nitrogen free media in greenhouse experiments. No reduction in growth occurred for any species tested at a salinity of 6000 mg NaC1/L which is considered too saline for normal agricultural crops. Individual trees have grown 5 to 7 cm in basal diameter, and 2.0 to 3.7 meters in height per year and have achieved 50 kg oven dry weight per tree in 2 years with 600 mm water application per year. Vegetative propagation techniques have been developed and clones of these highly productive trees have been made. Small pilots on 1.5 x 1.5 m spacing in the California Imperial Valley had a first and second season dry matter production of 11.7 and 16.9 T/ha for P. chilensis (0009), 7.1 and 6.9 T/ha for P. glandulosa var. torreyana (0001), 9.8 and 19.2 T/ha for P. alba (0039) and 7.9 and 14.5 T/ha for progency of a California ornamental (0163). The projected harvested costs of $25.00 per oven dry ton or $1.50 per million Btu's compare favorable with coal and other alternative fuel sources in South Texas.},
doi = {10.2172/6008971},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6008971}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {1}
}