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Title: Full-scale utility FGD (flue gas desulfurization) system adipic acid demonstration program. Volume 2. Continuous emissions monitoring results. Final report Jun 80-Nov 82

Abstract

The report culminates a series of projects sponsored by the EPA, investigating the use of adipic acid as an additive to enhance SO/sub 2/ removal in aqueous flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems, using limestone reagent. A 9-month program at the 194-MW Southwest Power Plant (SWPP) of City Utilities, Springfield, MO, demonstrated the effectiveness of adipic acid and dibasic acids (the latter, by-products of the production of adipic acid). The program examined the effect of adipic acid addition on a limestone FGD system under natural and forced-oxidation modes of operation.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Radian Corp., Austin, TX (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5858890
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5858890
Report Number(s):
PB-83-238691; RAD-82-213-012-36-VOL-2
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 42 ENGINEERING; ADIPIC ACID; FLUE GAS; DESULFURIZATION; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; LIME-LIMESTONE WET SCRUBBING PROCESSES; ADDITIVES; SULFUR DIOXIDE; REMOVAL; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; COMBUSTION PRODUCTS; DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; LIMESTONE; MISSOURI; CARBONATE ROCKS; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CONTROL; DICARBOXYLIC ACIDS; FEDERAL REGION VII; GASEOUS WASTES; NORTH AMERICA; ORGANIC ACIDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION CONTROL; POWER PLANTS; ROCKS; SCRUBBING; SEDIMENTARY ROCKS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; USA; WASTES 010800* -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Waste Management; 200202 -- Fossil-Fueled Power Plants-- Waste Management-- Noxious Gas & Particulate Emissions; 424000 -- Engineering-- Pollution Control Equipment-- (1980-1989)

Citation Formats

Hargrove, O.W. Jr., Colley, J.D., Glover, R.L., and Owen, M.L. Full-scale utility FGD (flue gas desulfurization) system adipic acid demonstration program. Volume 2. Continuous emissions monitoring results. Final report Jun 80-Nov 82. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Hargrove, O.W. Jr., Colley, J.D., Glover, R.L., & Owen, M.L. Full-scale utility FGD (flue gas desulfurization) system adipic acid demonstration program. Volume 2. Continuous emissions monitoring results. Final report Jun 80-Nov 82. United States.
Hargrove, O.W. Jr., Colley, J.D., Glover, R.L., and Owen, M.L. Wed . "Full-scale utility FGD (flue gas desulfurization) system adipic acid demonstration program. Volume 2. Continuous emissions monitoring results. Final report Jun 80-Nov 82". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5858890,
title = {Full-scale utility FGD (flue gas desulfurization) system adipic acid demonstration program. Volume 2. Continuous emissions monitoring results. Final report Jun 80-Nov 82},
author = {Hargrove, O.W. Jr. and Colley, J.D. and Glover, R.L. and Owen, M.L.},
abstractNote = {The report culminates a series of projects sponsored by the EPA, investigating the use of adipic acid as an additive to enhance SO/sub 2/ removal in aqueous flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems, using limestone reagent. A 9-month program at the 194-MW Southwest Power Plant (SWPP) of City Utilities, Springfield, MO, demonstrated the effectiveness of adipic acid and dibasic acids (the latter, by-products of the production of adipic acid). The program examined the effect of adipic acid addition on a limestone FGD system under natural and forced-oxidation modes of operation.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1983},
month = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1983}
}

Technical Report:
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  • The report culminates a series of projects sponsored by the EPA, investigating the use of adipic acid as an additive to enhance SO/sub 2/ removal in aqueous flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems, using limestone reagent. A 9-month program at the 194-MW Southwest Power Plant (SWPP) of City Utilities, Springfield, MO, demonstrated the effectiveness of adipic acid and dibasic acids (the latter, by-products of the production of adipic acid). The program examined the effect of adipic acid addition on a limestone FGD system under natural and forced-oxidation modes of operation.
  • The report gives results of an evaluation of the effect of adding adipic acid on the SO/sub 2/ removal of a wet limestone flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system on a coal-fired industrial boiler at Rickenbacker Air National Guard Base near Columbus, OH. Emission data were collected in accordance with the regulations for SO/sub 2/ compliance data specified in the Federal Register. The test results show that adding adipic acid to the limestone slurry significantly improved the SO/sub 2/ removal efficiency of the FGD system. Limited baseline data on operations with limestone only indicated a performance level of 55% SO/sub 2/more » removal. With the addition of about 2200 ppm of adipic acid to the limestone scrubbing system, the unit's level of performance increased to an average of 94.3% SO/sub 2/ removal (within a standard deviation of 2.2%) during which boiler load was 70-130 million Btu/hr and gas throughput varied 300%.« less
  • The report gives results of an evaluation of an adipic acid enhanced limestone flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system on industrial boilers at Rickenbacker Air National Guard Base. The SO/sub 2/ removal efficiency with the adipic acid averaged 94.3% over a 30-day period. This represents a significant improvement in the performance of the system using only limestone. Economic calculations for an industrial boiler adipic acid enhanced limestone FGD system indicate a slight reduction in both capital and operating expenses relative to a limestone-only system designed for 90% SO2 control of 3.5% sulfur coal. The costs are competitive with those of themore » dual alkali system. The successful demonstration of the adipic acid enhanced limestone system increases the number of demonstrated technologies available to a potential user.« less
  • The report summarizes the 1-year demonstration of the full-scale dual-alkali flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system at Louisville Gas and Electric Co.'s (LG/E's) Cane Run Unit 6. Systems performance is described in terms of performance guarantees and other parameters that were monitored throughout the demonstration. The report gives a detailed history of operation, including problems encountered in system operation and how they were solved. Capital and operating costs (estimated and incurred) are also reviewed.
  • The report, which is generated by a computerized data base system, represents a survey of operational and planned domestic utility flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system. The three volume set summarizes information contributed by the utility industry, system and equipment suppliers, system designers, research organizations, and regulatory agencies. The data cover system design, fuel characteristics, operating history, and actual system performance. Also included is a unit-by-unit discussion of problems and solutions associated with the boilers, scrubbers, and FGD systems. The development status (operational, under construction, or in the planning stages), system supplier, process, waste disposal practice, and regulatory class are tabulatedmore » alphabetically by utility company. Simplified process flow diagrams of FGD systems, definitions, and a glossary of terms are attached to the report. Current data for domestic FGD systems show 124 systems in operation, 25 systems under construction, and 68 systems planned. The current FGD-controlled capacity in the United States is 47,255 MW.« less