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Title: Injection of colloidal size particles of Fe{sup 0} in porous media with shearthinning fluids as a method to emplace a permeable reactive zone

Abstract

Previous work has demonstrated the feasibility of injecting suspensions of micron-size zero-valent (FeO) particles into porous media as a method to emplace a permeable reactive zone. Further studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of several shearthinning fluids on enhancing the injectability of micron-size FeO particles into porous media. In contrast to Newtonian fluids, whose viscosities are constant with shear rate, certain non-Newtonian fluids are shearthinning, that is, the viscosity of these fluids decreases with increasing shear rate. The primary benefit of using these fluids for this application is that they increase the viscosity of the aqueous phase without adversely decreasing the hydraulic conductivity. A suspension formulated with a shearthinning fluid will maintain a relatively high viscosity in solution near the FeO particles (where the shear stress is low) relative to locations near the surfaces of the porous media, where the shear stress is high. The increased viscosity decreases the rate of gravitational settling of the dense FeO colloids (7.6 9/cm3) while maintaining a relatively high hydraulic conductivity that permits pumping the colloid suspensions into porous media at greater flowrates and distances. Aqueous solutions of three polymers at different concentrations were investigated. It was determined that, the use of shearmore » thinning fluids greatly increases the injectability of the colloidal FeO suspensions in porous media.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ;
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
576652
Report Number(s):
CONF-970208-Proc.
ON: DE98001967; TRN: 98:005214
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International containment technology conference and exhibition, St. Petersburg, FL (United States), 9-12 Feb 1997; Other Information: PBD: [1997]; Related Information: Is Part Of International Containment Technology Conference: Proceedings; PB: 1140 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; SORPTION; POLLUTION CONTROL; REMEDIAL ACTION; GROUND WATER; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; COLLOIDS; HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY; POLYMERS; SHEAR; VISCOSITY; PERMEABILITY

Citation Formats

Cantrell, K J, Kaplan, D I, and Gilmore, T J. Injection of colloidal size particles of Fe{sup 0} in porous media with shearthinning fluids as a method to emplace a permeable reactive zone. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Cantrell, K J, Kaplan, D I, & Gilmore, T J. Injection of colloidal size particles of Fe{sup 0} in porous media with shearthinning fluids as a method to emplace a permeable reactive zone. United States.
Cantrell, K J, Kaplan, D I, and Gilmore, T J. Wed . "Injection of colloidal size particles of Fe{sup 0} in porous media with shearthinning fluids as a method to emplace a permeable reactive zone". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/576652.
@article{osti_576652,
title = {Injection of colloidal size particles of Fe{sup 0} in porous media with shearthinning fluids as a method to emplace a permeable reactive zone},
author = {Cantrell, K J and Kaplan, D I and Gilmore, T J},
abstractNote = {Previous work has demonstrated the feasibility of injecting suspensions of micron-size zero-valent (FeO) particles into porous media as a method to emplace a permeable reactive zone. Further studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of several shearthinning fluids on enhancing the injectability of micron-size FeO particles into porous media. In contrast to Newtonian fluids, whose viscosities are constant with shear rate, certain non-Newtonian fluids are shearthinning, that is, the viscosity of these fluids decreases with increasing shear rate. The primary benefit of using these fluids for this application is that they increase the viscosity of the aqueous phase without adversely decreasing the hydraulic conductivity. A suspension formulated with a shearthinning fluid will maintain a relatively high viscosity in solution near the FeO particles (where the shear stress is low) relative to locations near the surfaces of the porous media, where the shear stress is high. The increased viscosity decreases the rate of gravitational settling of the dense FeO colloids (7.6 9/cm3) while maintaining a relatively high hydraulic conductivity that permits pumping the colloid suspensions into porous media at greater flowrates and distances. Aqueous solutions of three polymers at different concentrations were investigated. It was determined that, the use of shear thinning fluids greatly increases the injectability of the colloidal FeO suspensions in porous media.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {12}
}

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