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Title: A proposed metric for assessing the potential of community annoyance from wind turbine low-frequency noise emissions

Abstract

Given our initial experience with the low-frequency, impulsive noise emissions from the MOD-1 wind turbine and their impact on the surrounding community, the ability to assess the potential of interior low-frequency annoyance in homes located near wind turbine installations may be important. Since there are currently no universally accepted metrics or descriptors for low-frequency community annoyance, we performed a limited program using volunteers to see if we could identify a method suitable for wind turbine noise applications. We electronically simulated three interior environments resulting from low-frequency acoustical loads radiated from both individual turbines and groups of upwind and downwind turbines. The written comments of the volunteers exposed to these interior stimuli were correlated with a number of descriptors which have been proposed for predicting low-frequency annoyance. The results are presented in this paper. We discuss our modifications of the highest correlated predictor to include the internal dynamic pressure effects associated with the response of residential structures to low-frequency acoustic loads. Finally, we outline a proposed procedure for establishing both a low-frequency ''figure of merit'' for a particular wind turbine design and, using actual measurements, estimate the potential for annoyance to nearby communities. 10 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5766497
Report Number(s):
SERI/TP-217-3261; CONF-871062-8
ON: DE88001113
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Windpower '87, San Francisco, CA, USA, 5 Oct 1987; Other Information: Paper copy only, copy does not permit microfiche production
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; WIND TURBINES; NOISE POLLUTION; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; RESONANCE; BUILDINGS; MACHINERY; POLLUTION; TURBINES; TURBOMACHINERY; wind turbine; acoustic noise; frequency range; 170500* - Wind Energy- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

Kelley, N.D. A proposed metric for assessing the potential of community annoyance from wind turbine low-frequency noise emissions. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Kelley, N.D. A proposed metric for assessing the potential of community annoyance from wind turbine low-frequency noise emissions. United States.
Kelley, N.D. Mon . "A proposed metric for assessing the potential of community annoyance from wind turbine low-frequency noise emissions". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5766497.
@article{osti_5766497,
title = {A proposed metric for assessing the potential of community annoyance from wind turbine low-frequency noise emissions},
author = {Kelley, N.D.},
abstractNote = {Given our initial experience with the low-frequency, impulsive noise emissions from the MOD-1 wind turbine and their impact on the surrounding community, the ability to assess the potential of interior low-frequency annoyance in homes located near wind turbine installations may be important. Since there are currently no universally accepted metrics or descriptors for low-frequency community annoyance, we performed a limited program using volunteers to see if we could identify a method suitable for wind turbine noise applications. We electronically simulated three interior environments resulting from low-frequency acoustical loads radiated from both individual turbines and groups of upwind and downwind turbines. The written comments of the volunteers exposed to these interior stimuli were correlated with a number of descriptors which have been proposed for predicting low-frequency annoyance. The results are presented in this paper. We discuss our modifications of the highest correlated predictor to include the internal dynamic pressure effects associated with the response of residential structures to low-frequency acoustic loads. Finally, we outline a proposed procedure for establishing both a low-frequency ''figure of merit'' for a particular wind turbine design and, using actual measurements, estimate the potential for annoyance to nearby communities. 10 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {10}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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