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Title: Molecular genetic analysis of some mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene in Moldova: Characterization of molecular markers and their linkage to various mutations

Abstract

Sixty-one patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) from Moldova were tested for mutations {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Frequencies of various alleles of the repeated GATT sequence in intron 6B of the GFTR gene, their linkage to other polymorphic markers, and various mutations were determined. The frequency of occurrence of mutation {Delta}F508 was only 25%. An absolute majority of CF patients (80%) had pancreatic insufficiency. Mutations G551D and R553X were not found in our sample. Each of 31 chromosomes with mutation {Delta}F508 carry the 6-GATT allele. Most {open_quotes}non {Delta}F508{close_quotes} (78%) and normal (80%) chromosomes were marked by the 7-GATT allele. Twenty-seven {Delta}F508 chromosomes (96.4%) belong to haplotype B6, and only one to D6. Most chromosomes with {open_quotes}non {Delta}F508{close_quotes} mutations are associated with haplotypes D7 (26.3%) and C7 (21%). In addition, a significant portion of chromosomes from this subgroup were associated with haplotypes A7 (23.7%), A6 (10.5%), and C6 (2.7%), which are not yet described for mutant chromosomes. The results obtained demonstrate that CF in Moldova is mainly associated with mutations other than {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Severe forms of the disease, with pancreatic insufficiency, are more frequently caused by these mutations; moreover, our data provides strong evidence for the presence of atmore » least seven additional CF mutations in Moldova, apart from {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Some of these are probably not described.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Scientific Center of Medical Genetics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
  2. Ott Institute of Obsterics and Gynecology, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
56717
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Russian Journal of Genetics; Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: PBD: Dec 1994; TN: Translated from Genetika; 30: No. 12, 1616-1620(1994)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
55 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, BASIC STUDIES; MOLDOVA; HUMAN POPULATIONS; HUMAN CHROMOSOMES; GENE MUTATIONS; CHROMOSOMAL ABERRATIONS; FIBROSIS; HEREDITARY DISEASES

Citation Formats

Gimbovskaya, S.D., Kalinin, V.N., Ivashchenko, T.E., and Baranov, V.S.. Molecular genetic analysis of some mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene in Moldova: Characterization of molecular markers and their linkage to various mutations. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Gimbovskaya, S.D., Kalinin, V.N., Ivashchenko, T.E., & Baranov, V.S.. Molecular genetic analysis of some mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene in Moldova: Characterization of molecular markers and their linkage to various mutations. United States.
Gimbovskaya, S.D., Kalinin, V.N., Ivashchenko, T.E., and Baranov, V.S.. 1994. "Molecular genetic analysis of some mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene in Moldova: Characterization of molecular markers and their linkage to various mutations". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_56717,
title = {Molecular genetic analysis of some mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene in Moldova: Characterization of molecular markers and their linkage to various mutations},
author = {Gimbovskaya, S.D. and Kalinin, V.N. and Ivashchenko, T.E. and Baranov, V.S.},
abstractNote = {Sixty-one patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) from Moldova were tested for mutations {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Frequencies of various alleles of the repeated GATT sequence in intron 6B of the GFTR gene, their linkage to other polymorphic markers, and various mutations were determined. The frequency of occurrence of mutation {Delta}F508 was only 25%. An absolute majority of CF patients (80%) had pancreatic insufficiency. Mutations G551D and R553X were not found in our sample. Each of 31 chromosomes with mutation {Delta}F508 carry the 6-GATT allele. Most {open_quotes}non {Delta}F508{close_quotes} (78%) and normal (80%) chromosomes were marked by the 7-GATT allele. Twenty-seven {Delta}F508 chromosomes (96.4%) belong to haplotype B6, and only one to D6. Most chromosomes with {open_quotes}non {Delta}F508{close_quotes} mutations are associated with haplotypes D7 (26.3%) and C7 (21%). In addition, a significant portion of chromosomes from this subgroup were associated with haplotypes A7 (23.7%), A6 (10.5%), and C6 (2.7%), which are not yet described for mutant chromosomes. The results obtained demonstrate that CF in Moldova is mainly associated with mutations other than {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Severe forms of the disease, with pancreatic insufficiency, are more frequently caused by these mutations; moreover, our data provides strong evidence for the presence of at least seven additional CF mutations in Moldova, apart from {Delta}F508, G551D, and R553X. Some of these are probably not described.},
doi = {},
journal = {Russian Journal of Genetics},
number = 12,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = 1994,
month =
}
  • Allelic frequencies of three polymorphic markers in the CFTR gene were estimated on chromosomes derived from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and healthy donors from Moscow and the Moscow region. These polymorphic markers are tetranucleotide tandem repeats GATT in intron 6B, M470V in exon 10, and T854T in exon 14 (fragment A). Frequencies at allele 1 of the M470V marker, along with allele 2 of GATT and T854T, are two times higher for CF patients without {Delta}F508 mutation than for healthy donors, and there is linkage disequilibrium of these alleles of the polymorphic markers analyzed with the CF gene. Allele 1more » of M470V and T854T markers, as well as allele 2 of the GATT marker (six repeats), are absolutely linked to mutation F508 of the CFTR gene. Using the polymorphic markers studied, family analysis of CF was carried out in two families. 10 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.« less
  • The Hutterite population is a genetic isolate with an increased incidence of cystic fibrosis (CF). Previously the authors identified three CF haplotypes defined by polymorphisms flanking the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. [Delta]F508 was present on one of the haplotypes in only 35% of CF chromosomes. They hypothesized that the other two CF haplotypes, one of which was the most common and the other of which is rare, each harbored different non-[Delta]F508 mutations. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis detected a missense mutation, M1101K, in both chromosomes of a Hutterite patient carrying the two non-[Delta]F508 haplotypes. M1101K appears to have originatedmore » on an uncommon CFTR allele and to be infrequent outside the Hutterite population. The presence of M1101K on two haplotypes is likely the result of a CFTR intragenic recombination which occurred since the founding, 10-12 generations ago, of the Hutterite population. The crossover was located between exons 14a and 17b, an interval of approximately 15 kbp. [Delta]F508 and M1101K accounted for all of the CF mutations in patients from 16 CF families representing the three subdivisions of the Hutterite population. 38 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.« less
  • To determine cystic fibrosis (CF) defects in a sample of 224 non-[Delta]F508 CF chromosomes, the authors used denaturing gradient gel multiplex analysis of CF transmembrane conductance regulator gene segments, a strategy based on blind exhaustive analysis rather than a search for known mutations. This process allowed detection of 11 novel variations comprising two nonsense mutations (Q890X and W1204X), a splice defect (405 + 4 A [yields] G), a frameshift (3293delA), four presumed missense mutations (S912L, H949Y, L1065P, Q1071P), and three sequence polymorphisms (R31C or 223 C/T, 3471 T/C, and T1220I or 3791 C/T). The authors describe these variations, together withmore » the associated phenotype when defects on both CF chromosomes were identified. 8 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.« less
  • Previous studies failed to demonstrate a genetic predisposition to liver disease in cystic fibrosis. In order to characterize patients with cirrhosis defined on the basis of either hepatosplenomegaly, portal hypertension or liver biopsy, we analyzed a total number of 110 cirrhotic CF patients from different CF centers in France. Of them, 71 are males, which is not different from the overall CF french population. All but 2 are pancreatic insufficient. A history of meconium ileus {plus_minus} meconium ileus equivalent seems to be a risk factor for cirrhosis since these complications are present in 29% of the cirrhotic patients vs. 19%more » in the non-cirrhotic population (p = 0.03). This confirms our previous data in a postmortem study. Genotype analysis was performed in all the patients. {Delta}F508 represents 70% of the identified mutations with a higher proportion of {Delta}F508 +/+ in the cirrhotic than in the non-cirrhotic population (52% vs. 42%, p=0.003), 35% {Delta}F508 +/- vs. 42% and 13% {Delta}F508 -/- vs. 16%. Sixty percent of the other mutations associated with cirrhosis are identified, usually in {Delta}F508 +/- and include 1303 N-K, 542 G-X, 1078 del T, 1282 W-X, 1313 Q-X, 827 E-X, 1061 G-R, 1301 N-H, 14 K-X, 1717-1 G-A, 1918 delGC, 2183 A-G, 2184 delA, 405+1 G-A, 507 {Delta}l, 574 delA, 621+1 G-T, 85 G-E and 1303 N-K/other, 227 L-R/other. None of the cirrhotic patients bear one of the dominant missense mutations regarded as mild with respect to pancreatic function (117 R-H, 334 R-W, 347 R-P, 455 A-E, 574 P-H) or both the {Delta}F508 and the 5512 G-A mutations associated with a decreased risk of meconium ileus. Cirrhosis could thus be linked to the presence of 2 of the severe mutations of the CF gene associated with pancreatic insufficiency.« less
  • About 65% or the individuals with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) have mutations in at least one of the CFTR alleles. We have studied the phenotypic effects of the CFTR gene intron 8 polyT tract 5T allele in 90 CBAVD subjects and in parents of CF patients. This group was compared with normal individuals, and with fathers and mothers of CF patients. Allele 5T was significantly associated with CBAVD (19.6%) when compared to the general population (5.2%) ({chi}{sup 2} = 33.3%; p<<0.0001). It was represented poorly in fathers of CF patients (1.3%). Mutations were identified in onemore » (60%) or both CFTR alleles (8.9%) of CBAVD patients. Heterozygosity for the 5T allele was strongly associated with heterozygosity for CF mutations ({chi}{sup 2} = 10.9; p<0.0004). The strong correlation between allele 5T and CBAVD, together with the low frequency of this allele in fathers of CF patients, demonstrates that variable {Delta}exon 9 produces infertility in males if associated with a CF mutation on the other chromosome. The 30% of CBAVD cases with only one CFTR mutation and without a 5T-allele may be due to other molecular mechanisms involving CFTR, distinct from {Delta}exon 9. Since there is a relatively high proportion of CBAVD without CF mutations (25%), other gene(s), distinct from CFTR, may have a role in the CBAVD phenotype.« less