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Title: Environmental Justice Assessment for Transportation

Abstract

Application of Executive Order 12898 to risk assessment of highway or rail transport of hazardous materials has proven difficult; the location and conditions affecting the propagation of a plume of hazardous material released in a potential accident are unknown, in general. Therefore, analyses have only been possible in geographically broad or approximate manner. The advent of geographic information systems and development of software enhancements at Sandia National Laboratories have made kilometer-by-kilometer analysis of populations tallied by U.S. Census Blocks along entire routes practicable. Tabulations of total, or racially/ethnically distinct, populations close to a route, its alternatives, or the broader surrounding area, can then be compared and differences evaluated statistically. This paper presents methods of comparing populations and their racial/ethnic compositions using simple tabulations, histograms and Chi Squared tests for statistical significance of differences found. Two examples of these methods are presented: comparison of two routes and comparison of a route with its surroundings.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
5665
Report Number(s):
SAND99-0824J
TRN: US0101680
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Risk Analysis
Additional Journal Information:
Other Information: Submitted to Risk Analysis; PBD: 5 Apr 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; ROAD TRANSPORT; ACCIDENTS; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; INFORMATION SYSTEMS; PLUMES; RAIL TRANSPORT; RISK ASSESSMENT; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SPILLS; ROUTING; POPULATION DENSITY

Citation Formats

Mills, G.S., and Neuhauser, K.S. Environmental Justice Assessment for Transportation. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1023/A:1007013015263.
Mills, G.S., & Neuhauser, K.S. Environmental Justice Assessment for Transportation. United States. doi:10.1023/A:1007013015263.
Mills, G.S., and Neuhauser, K.S. Mon . "Environmental Justice Assessment for Transportation". United States. doi:10.1023/A:1007013015263. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5665.
@article{osti_5665,
title = {Environmental Justice Assessment for Transportation},
author = {Mills, G.S. and Neuhauser, K.S.},
abstractNote = {Application of Executive Order 12898 to risk assessment of highway or rail transport of hazardous materials has proven difficult; the location and conditions affecting the propagation of a plume of hazardous material released in a potential accident are unknown, in general. Therefore, analyses have only been possible in geographically broad or approximate manner. The advent of geographic information systems and development of software enhancements at Sandia National Laboratories have made kilometer-by-kilometer analysis of populations tallied by U.S. Census Blocks along entire routes practicable. Tabulations of total, or racially/ethnically distinct, populations close to a route, its alternatives, or the broader surrounding area, can then be compared and differences evaluated statistically. This paper presents methods of comparing populations and their racial/ethnic compositions using simple tabulations, histograms and Chi Squared tests for statistical significance of differences found. Two examples of these methods are presented: comparison of two routes and comparison of a route with its surroundings.},
doi = {10.1023/A:1007013015263},
journal = {Risk Analysis},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {4}
}