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Title: Prognostic impact of stress testing in coronary artery disease

Abstract

Observational data prospectively collected permit the examination of a complex set of decisions, including the decision not to perform any stress testing. Patients with or without previous myocardial infarction admitted for coronary evaluation and not submitted to any stress testing because of clinical reasons are at a higher risk for subsequent death. For prognostication, no test has been better validated than exercise electrocardiography: it can identify patients at low and high risk for future cardiac events among those without symptoms, with typical chest pain, and with previous myocardial infarction. In patients with triple-vessel disease, the results of exercise also allow those at low and high risk to be recognized. Both exercise radionuclide angiography and {sup 201}Tl scintigraphy (the latter in larger patient populations) have also demonstrated significant prognostic value on patients with or without previous myocardial infarction. Neither one has shown superiority to the other in prognostication. So far, they have been considered the only viable alternatives to exercise electrocardiography stress testing for diagnosis and prognostication. However, their costs limit their extensive application. Preliminary data suggest that intravenous dipyridamole echocardiography can be used for both diagnosis and prognostication of coronary artery disease; moreover, the prognostic information derived from dipyridamole echocardiographymore » testing seems independent of and additive to that provided by exercise electrocardiography. Further prospective studies on larger patient populations are needed to better define the prognostic value of dipyridamole echocardiography testing.47 references.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (CNR Clinical Physiology Institute, Pisa, (Italy))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5642747
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Circulation; (USA); Journal Volume: 83:5 Suppl
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES; DIAGNOSIS; HEART; IMAGE PROCESSING; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; DECISION MAKING; ELECTROCARDIOGRAMS; EXERCISE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; PATIENTS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SCINTISCANNING; THALLIUM 201; VASODILATORS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BODY; CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; COUNTING TECHNIQUES; DAYS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; DIAGRAMS; DISEASES; DRUGS; ELECTRON CAPTURE RADIOISOTOPES; HEAVY NUCLEI; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; MEDICINE; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ORGANS; PROCESSING; RADIOISOTOPE SCANNING; RADIOISOTOPES; RADIOLOGY; SECONDS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; THALLIUM ISOTOPES; 550601* - Medicine- Unsealed Radionuclides in Diagnostics

Citation Formats

Severi, S., and Michelassi, C.. Prognostic impact of stress testing in coronary artery disease. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
Severi, S., & Michelassi, C.. Prognostic impact of stress testing in coronary artery disease. United States.
Severi, S., and Michelassi, C.. 1991. "Prognostic impact of stress testing in coronary artery disease". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5642747,
title = {Prognostic impact of stress testing in coronary artery disease},
author = {Severi, S. and Michelassi, C.},
abstractNote = {Observational data prospectively collected permit the examination of a complex set of decisions, including the decision not to perform any stress testing. Patients with or without previous myocardial infarction admitted for coronary evaluation and not submitted to any stress testing because of clinical reasons are at a higher risk for subsequent death. For prognostication, no test has been better validated than exercise electrocardiography: it can identify patients at low and high risk for future cardiac events among those without symptoms, with typical chest pain, and with previous myocardial infarction. In patients with triple-vessel disease, the results of exercise also allow those at low and high risk to be recognized. Both exercise radionuclide angiography and {sup 201}Tl scintigraphy (the latter in larger patient populations) have also demonstrated significant prognostic value on patients with or without previous myocardial infarction. Neither one has shown superiority to the other in prognostication. So far, they have been considered the only viable alternatives to exercise electrocardiography stress testing for diagnosis and prognostication. However, their costs limit their extensive application. Preliminary data suggest that intravenous dipyridamole echocardiography can be used for both diagnosis and prognostication of coronary artery disease; moreover, the prognostic information derived from dipyridamole echocardiography testing seems independent of and additive to that provided by exercise electrocardiography. Further prospective studies on larger patient populations are needed to better define the prognostic value of dipyridamole echocardiography testing.47 references.},
doi = {},
journal = {Circulation; (USA)},
number = ,
volume = 83:5 Suppl,
place = {United States},
year = 1991,
month = 5
}
  • No abstract available.
  • We compared the effects of symptom-limited upright and supine exercise on 201Tl distribution and kinetics in the heart and lungs of 100 consecutive patients. Our analysis was based on data obtained with a digital gamma camera in the 45 degrees left anterior oblique position at 5, 40, 240, and 275 min postadministration of (201Tl)chloride. We found significant differences in the results at the 5- and 40-min intervals; viz, higher cardiac and lower pulmonary thallium activity after upright exercise in 94 subjects at both intervals, and greater variability in total and regional cardiac thallium kinetics after supine exercise. With supine exercise,more » the relatively low initial cardiac activity, relatively high lung activity, and the greater variability in thallium kinetics combined to make interpretation of quantitative data and cardiac images difficult and less accurate with respect to detection of coronary artery disease. These observations have important implications for the interpreting physician when thallium stress tests are performed in the supine position.« less
  • Thallium perfusion imaging following the intravenous infusion of dipyridamole, a potent coronary vasodilator, has been demonstrated to be useful in the evaluation of the functional significance of coronary artery disease (CAD). While recent studies have demonstrated that 2-dimensional echocardiographic monitoring of left ventricular (LV) function after intravenous dipyridamole has a sensitivity somewhat less than that of thallium perfusion imaging, none has examined the usefulness of Doppler evaluation of aortic blood flow in this setting. One hundred patients undergoing dipyridamole-thallium imaging for clinical indications were studied. Technically adequate Doppler echocardiographic studies were obtained in 97 patients. LV ejection fraction, peak aorticmore » velocity and acceleration, as well as segmental LV wall motion, were analyzed before and at peak dipyridamole effect. Thallium perfusion images were normal in 41 and abnormal in 53 patients studied. A statistically significant difference in percent change from baseline to peak dipyridamole effect in velocity, acceleration and ejection fraction was seen between the 2 groups (26 vs -2%, 51 vs -2% and 16 vs 4%, respectively, all p less than 0.05). Comparison of 2-dimensional wall motion analysis to thallium yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 74 and 80%, respectively. In the group of patients who underwent cardiac catheterization, 2-dimensional wall motion analysis yielded a sensitivity of 64% in the detection of CAD. The combination of 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic parameters increased the sensitivity in the detection of CAD to 85%.« less
  • Many patients suspected of having coronary artery disease are unable to undergo adequate exercise testing. An alternate stress, pacing tachycardia, has been shown to produce electrocardiographic changes that are as sensitive and specific as those observed during exercise testing. To compare thallium-201 imaging after atrial pacing stress with thallium imaging after exercise stress, 22 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization were studied with both standard exercise thallium imaging and pacing thallium imaging. Positive ischemic electrocardiographic changes (greater than 1 mm ST segment depression) were noted in 11 of 16 patients with coronary artery disease during exercise, and in 15 of the 16more » patients during atrial pacing. One of six patients with normal or trivial coronary artery disease had a positive electrocardiogram with each test. Exercise thallium imaging was positive in 13 of 16 patients with coronary artery disease compared with 15 of 16 patients during atrial pacing. Three of six patients without coronary artery disease had a positive scan with exercise testing, and two of these same patients developed a positive scan with atrial pacing. Of those patients with coronary artery disease and an abnormal scan, 85% showed redistribution with exercise testing compared with 87% during atrial pacing. Segment by segment comparison of thallium imaging after either atrial pacing or exercise showed that there was a good correlation of the location and severity of the thallium defects (r . 0.83, p . 0.0001, Spearman rank correlation). It is concluded that the location and presence of both fixed and transient thallium defects after atrial pacing are closely correlated with the findings after exercise testing.« less
  • One hundred seven asymptomatic patients who underwent intravenous dipyridamole thallium imaging were evaluated to determine prognostic indicators of subsequent cardiac events over an average follow-up period of 14 +/- 10 months. Univariate analysis of 18 clinical, scintigraphic and angiographic variables revealed that a reversible thallium defect, a combined fixed and reversible thallium defect, number of segmental thallium defects and extent of coronary artery disease were significant predictors of subsequent cardiac events. Of the 13 patients who died or had a nonfatal infarction, 12 had a reversible thallium defect. Stepwise logistic regression analysis selected a reversible thallium defect as the onlymore » significant predictor of cardiac events. When death or myocardial infarction was the outcome variable, a combined fixed and reversible thallium defect was the only predictor of outcome. In patients without previous myocardial infarction, the cardiac event rate was significantly greater in those with an abnormal versus normal thallium scan (55% versus 12%, p less than 0.001). Thus, intravenous dipyridamole thallium scintigraphy is a useful noninvasive test to risk stratify asymptomatic patients with coronary artery disease. A reversible thallium defect most likely indicates silent myocardial ischemia in a sizable fraction of patients in this clinical subset and is associated with an unfavorable prognosis.« less