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Title: Status of zinc injection in PWRs

Abstract

Based on laboratory and other studies, it was concluded that zinc addition in a PWR primary coolant should result in reduced Alloy 600 PWSCC and general corrosion rates of the materials of construction. Because of these positive results, a Westinghouse Owner`s Subgroup, EPRI, and Westinghouse provided funds to continue the development and application of zinc in an operating plant. As part of the program, Southern Operating Nuclear Company agreed to operate the Farley 2 plant with zinc addition as a demonstration test of the effectiveness of zinc. Since zinc is incorporated in the corrosion oxide film on the primary system surfaces and Farley 2 is a mature plant, it was estimated that about 10 kgs of zinc would be needed to condition the plant before an equilibrium value in the coolant would be reached. The engineered aspects of a Zinc Addition and Monitoring System (ZAMS) considered such items as the constitutents, location, sizing and water supply of the ZAMS. Baseline data such as the PWSCC history of the Alloy 600 steam generator tubing, fuel oxide thickness, fuel crud deposits, radiation levels, and RCP seal leak-off rates were obtained before zinc addition is initiated. This presentation summarizes some of the workmore » performed under the program, and the status of zinc injection in the Farley 2 plant.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Westinghouse Electric Co., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Regulatory Applications; Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
54648
Report Number(s):
NUREG/CP-0143; BNL-NUREG-52440; CONF-940505-
ON: TI95008770; TRN: 95:012682
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 3. international workshop on implementation of ALARA at nuclear power plants, Long Island, NY (United States), 8-11 May 1994; Other Information: PBD: Mar 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on the implementation of ALARA at nuclear power plants; Khan, T.A. [comp.] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)]; Roecklein, A.K. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div of Regulatory Applications]; PB: 810 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; PWR TYPE REACTORS; WATER CHEMISTRY; INCONEL 600; STRESS CORROSION; ALARA; ZINC; REDUCTION

Citation Formats

Bergmann, C.A. Status of zinc injection in PWRs. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Bergmann, C.A. Status of zinc injection in PWRs. United States.
Bergmann, C.A. Wed . "Status of zinc injection in PWRs". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/54648.
@article{osti_54648,
title = {Status of zinc injection in PWRs},
author = {Bergmann, C.A.},
abstractNote = {Based on laboratory and other studies, it was concluded that zinc addition in a PWR primary coolant should result in reduced Alloy 600 PWSCC and general corrosion rates of the materials of construction. Because of these positive results, a Westinghouse Owner`s Subgroup, EPRI, and Westinghouse provided funds to continue the development and application of zinc in an operating plant. As part of the program, Southern Operating Nuclear Company agreed to operate the Farley 2 plant with zinc addition as a demonstration test of the effectiveness of zinc. Since zinc is incorporated in the corrosion oxide film on the primary system surfaces and Farley 2 is a mature plant, it was estimated that about 10 kgs of zinc would be needed to condition the plant before an equilibrium value in the coolant would be reached. The engineered aspects of a Zinc Addition and Monitoring System (ZAMS) considered such items as the constitutents, location, sizing and water supply of the ZAMS. Baseline data such as the PWSCC history of the Alloy 600 steam generator tubing, fuel oxide thickness, fuel crud deposits, radiation levels, and RCP seal leak-off rates were obtained before zinc addition is initiated. This presentation summarizes some of the work performed under the program, and the status of zinc injection in the Farley 2 plant.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
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