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Title: Sediment and radionuclide transport in rivers. Phase 2. Field sampling program for Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks, New York

Abstract

As part of a study on sediment and radionuclide transport in rivers, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is investigating the effect of sediment on the transport of radionuclides in Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks, New York. A source of radioactivity in these creeks is the Western New York Nuclear Service Center which consists of a low-level waste disposal site and a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant. Other sources of radioactivity include fallout from worldwide weapons testing and natural background radioactivity. The major objective of the PNL Field Sampling Program is to provide data on sediment and radionuclide characteristics in Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks to verify the use of the Sediment and Radionuclide Transport model, SERATRA, for nontidal rivers. This report covers the results of field data collection conducted during September 1978. Radiological analysis of sand, silt, and clay size fractions of suspended and bed sediment, and water were performed. Results of these analyses indicate that the principal radionuclides occurring in these two water courses, with levels significantly higher than background levels, during the Phase 2 sampling program were Cesium-137 and Strontium-90. These radionuclides had significantly higher activity levels above background in the bed sediment, suspended sediment, and water samples. Other radionuclides that aremore » possibly being released into the surface water environment by the Nuclear Fuel Services facilities are Plutonium-238, 239, and 240, Americium-241, Curium-244, and Tritium. More radionuclides were consistently found in the bed sediment as compared to suspended sediment. The fewest radionuclides were found in the water of Buttermilk and Cattaraugus Creeks. The higher levels were found in the bed sediments for the gamma-emitters and in the suspended sediment for the alpha and beta-emitters (not including Tritium).« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5361913
Report Number(s):
NUREG/CR-1030-Vol.2; PNL-3117-Vol.2
ON: DE82013951; TRN: 82-015703
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of document are illegible
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; AMERICIUM 241; RADIATION MONITORING; CESIUM 134; CESIUM 137; CURIUM 244; PLUTONIUM 238; PLUTONIUM 239; PLUTONIUM 240; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; RIVERS; RADIOACTIVITY; SEDIMENTS; STRONTIUM 90; TRITIUM; CONTAMINATION; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; NEW YORK; RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; SAMPLING; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; WEST VALLEY PROCESSING PLANT; ACTINIDE ISOTOPES; ACTINIDE NUCLEI; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; ALKALINE EARTH ISOTOPES; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; AMERICIUM ISOTOPES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CESIUM ISOTOPES; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; CURIUM ISOTOPES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; FEDERAL REGION II; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; HEAVY NUCLEI; HOURS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; HYDROGEN ISOTOPES; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; INTERNAL CONVERSION RADIOISOTOPES; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MATERIALS; MONITORING; NORTH AMERICA; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES; QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; STREAMS; STRONTIUM ISOTOPES; SURFACE WATERS; USA; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 053000* - Nuclear Fuels- Environmental Aspects; 520301 - Environment, Aquatic- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- Water- (1987); 052002 - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Disposal & Storage

Citation Formats

Walters, W H, Ecker, R M, and Onishi, Y. Sediment and radionuclide transport in rivers. Phase 2. Field sampling program for Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks, New York. United States: N. p., 1982. Web. doi:10.2172/5361913.
Walters, W H, Ecker, R M, & Onishi, Y. Sediment and radionuclide transport in rivers. Phase 2. Field sampling program for Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks, New York. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/5361913
Walters, W H, Ecker, R M, and Onishi, Y. 1982. "Sediment and radionuclide transport in rivers. Phase 2. Field sampling program for Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks, New York". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/5361913. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5361913.
@article{osti_5361913,
title = {Sediment and radionuclide transport in rivers. Phase 2. Field sampling program for Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks, New York},
author = {Walters, W H and Ecker, R M and Onishi, Y},
abstractNote = {As part of a study on sediment and radionuclide transport in rivers, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is investigating the effect of sediment on the transport of radionuclides in Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks, New York. A source of radioactivity in these creeks is the Western New York Nuclear Service Center which consists of a low-level waste disposal site and a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant. Other sources of radioactivity include fallout from worldwide weapons testing and natural background radioactivity. The major objective of the PNL Field Sampling Program is to provide data on sediment and radionuclide characteristics in Cattaraugus and Buttermilk Creeks to verify the use of the Sediment and Radionuclide Transport model, SERATRA, for nontidal rivers. This report covers the results of field data collection conducted during September 1978. Radiological analysis of sand, silt, and clay size fractions of suspended and bed sediment, and water were performed. Results of these analyses indicate that the principal radionuclides occurring in these two water courses, with levels significantly higher than background levels, during the Phase 2 sampling program were Cesium-137 and Strontium-90. These radionuclides had significantly higher activity levels above background in the bed sediment, suspended sediment, and water samples. Other radionuclides that are possibly being released into the surface water environment by the Nuclear Fuel Services facilities are Plutonium-238, 239, and 240, Americium-241, Curium-244, and Tritium. More radionuclides were consistently found in the bed sediment as compared to suspended sediment. The fewest radionuclides were found in the water of Buttermilk and Cattaraugus Creeks. The higher levels were found in the bed sediments for the gamma-emitters and in the suspended sediment for the alpha and beta-emitters (not including Tritium).},
doi = {10.2172/5361913},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5361913}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1982},
month = {4}
}