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Title: Monitoring marine pollution by airborne remote sensing techniques

Abstract

In order to monitor marine pollution by airborne remote sensing techniques, some comprehensive test of airborne remote sensing, involving monitoring marine oil pollution, were performed at several bay areas of China. This paper presents some typical results of monitoring marine oil pollution. The features associated with the EM spectrum (visible, thermal infrared, and microwave) response of marine oil spills is briefly analyzed. It has been verified that the airborne oil surveillance systems manifested their advantages for monitoring the oil pollution of bay environments.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fiat Auto Spa, Turin (Italy)
OSTI Identifier:
5288874
Report Number(s):
AD-P-002006/5
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; OIL SPILLS; REMOTE SENSING; BAYS; CHINA; FILMS; MONITORING; ASIA 020900* -- Petroleum-- Environmental Aspects; 520200 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Yuanfu, S., and Quanan, Z. Monitoring marine pollution by airborne remote sensing techniques. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
Yuanfu, S., & Quanan, Z. Monitoring marine pollution by airborne remote sensing techniques. United States.
Yuanfu, S., and Quanan, Z. 1982. "Monitoring marine pollution by airborne remote sensing techniques". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5288874,
title = {Monitoring marine pollution by airborne remote sensing techniques},
author = {Yuanfu, S. and Quanan, Z.},
abstractNote = {In order to monitor marine pollution by airborne remote sensing techniques, some comprehensive test of airborne remote sensing, involving monitoring marine oil pollution, were performed at several bay areas of China. This paper presents some typical results of monitoring marine oil pollution. The features associated with the EM spectrum (visible, thermal infrared, and microwave) response of marine oil spills is briefly analyzed. It has been verified that the airborne oil surveillance systems manifested their advantages for monitoring the oil pollution of bay environments.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1982,
month = 6
}

Technical Report:
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  • As regards damage to the marine environment, oil spills at sea are considered to be one of the main sources of pelagic pollution: at the present time, it is estimated that more than six million tons of hydrocarbons enter the marine environment as a result of shipping and certain coastal, industrial and urban activities, river-borne pollution, oil prospecting and mining at sea and, finally, natural seepage from certain sea bottoms. This pollution is mainly due to intentional discharge, i.e. the routine evacuation of hydrocarbon-carrying effluents, or to accidental discharge, as a result of damage to installations or ships. Because ofmore » the rapid development of techniques and the multiplicity of studies and research undertaken, particularly with a view to developing integrated remote detection systems to meet the overall requirements of users, it has been found desirable to take stock of present knowledge in this field (excluding satellites for the time being) so that the lines to be followed in the mentioned areas can be determined and assessed. This manual is a first inventory of available techniques, instrumentation, and research centers in the field of remote sensing of the marine environment for detection of pollution. Inclusion in this inventory of information from specific organizations or firms does not in any way imply approval or endorsement of the organizations or firms, or of particular equipment, by the CCMS, NATO, or the Alliance Nations.« less
  • The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains a minimum of 154 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)
  • The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains a minimum of 163 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)
  • The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains a minimum of 117 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)
  • The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)