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Title: Multiple isoelectric forms of poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: Evidence for phosphorylation

Abstract

Poliovirus-specific RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3Dpol) was purified to apparent homogeneity. A single polypeptide of an apparent molecular weight of 63,000 catalyzes the synthesis of dimeric and monomeric RNA products in response to the poliovirion RNA template. Analysis of purified 3Dpol by two-dimensional electrophoresis showed multiple forms of 3Dpol, suggesting posttranslational modification of the protein in virus-infected cells. The two major forms of 3Dpol appear to have approximate pI values of 7.1 and 7.4. Incubation of purified 3Dpol with calf intestinal phosphatase resulted in almost complete disappearance of the pI 7.1 form and a concomitant increase in the intensity of the pI 7.4 form of 3Dpol. Addition of 32P-labeled Pi during infection of HeLa cells with poliovirus resulted in specific labeling of 3Dpol and 3CD, a viral protein which contains the entire 3Dpol sequence. Both 3Dpol and 3CD appear to be phosphorylated at serine residues. Ribosomal salt washes prepared from both mock- and poliovirus-infected cells contain phosphatases capable of dephosphorylating quantitatively the phosphorylated form (pI 7.1) of 3Dpol.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles (USA))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5228659
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Virology; (USA); Journal Volume: 63:11
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; RNA POLYMERASES; PHOSPHORYLATION; AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; HELA CELLS; MAN; MOLECULAR WEIGHT; PHOSPHATASES; PHOSPHORUS 32; POLIO VIRUS; TRACER TECHNIQUES; TRANSCRIPTION; TWO-DIMENSIONAL ELECTROPHORESIS; ANIMALS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DAYS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; ELECTROPHORESIS; ENZYMES; ESTERASES; HYDROLASES; ISOTOPE APPLICATIONS; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; MAMMALS; MICROORGANISMS; MOLECULAR STRUCTURE; NUCLEI; NUCLEOTIDYLTRANSFERASES; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; PARASITES; PHOSPHORUS ISOTOPES; PHOSPHORUS-GROUP TRANSFERASES; POLYMERASES; PRIMATES; RADIOISOTOPES; TRANSFERASES; VERTEBRATES; VIRUSES; 550201* - Biochemistry- Tracer Techniques

Citation Formats

Ransone, L.J., and Dasgupta, A.. Multiple isoelectric forms of poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: Evidence for phosphorylation. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Ransone, L.J., & Dasgupta, A.. Multiple isoelectric forms of poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: Evidence for phosphorylation. United States.
Ransone, L.J., and Dasgupta, A.. 1989. "Multiple isoelectric forms of poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: Evidence for phosphorylation". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5228659,
title = {Multiple isoelectric forms of poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: Evidence for phosphorylation},
author = {Ransone, L.J. and Dasgupta, A.},
abstractNote = {Poliovirus-specific RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3Dpol) was purified to apparent homogeneity. A single polypeptide of an apparent molecular weight of 63,000 catalyzes the synthesis of dimeric and monomeric RNA products in response to the poliovirion RNA template. Analysis of purified 3Dpol by two-dimensional electrophoresis showed multiple forms of 3Dpol, suggesting posttranslational modification of the protein in virus-infected cells. The two major forms of 3Dpol appear to have approximate pI values of 7.1 and 7.4. Incubation of purified 3Dpol with calf intestinal phosphatase resulted in almost complete disappearance of the pI 7.1 form and a concomitant increase in the intensity of the pI 7.4 form of 3Dpol. Addition of 32P-labeled Pi during infection of HeLa cells with poliovirus resulted in specific labeling of 3Dpol and 3CD, a viral protein which contains the entire 3Dpol sequence. Both 3Dpol and 3CD appear to be phosphorylated at serine residues. Ribosomal salt washes prepared from both mock- and poliovirus-infected cells contain phosphatases capable of dephosphorylating quantitatively the phosphorylated form (pI 7.1) of 3Dpol.},
doi = {},
journal = {Journal of Virology; (USA)},
number = ,
volume = 63:11,
place = {United States},
year = 1989,
month =
}
  • The DNA polymerase in crude extracts of Drosophila melanogaster embryos sedimented at 9.0, 7.3, and 5.5 S on glycerol velocity gradients. The relative proportions of these enzymes depended on the method used to prepare the extract. Extracts of whole embryos contained the 7.3S and the 5.5S DNA polymerases and extracts of dechorionated embryos contained the 9.0S and 7.3S DNA polymerases. The proportion of the 5.5S DNA polymerase increased relative to the 7.3S DNA polymerase during storage of the extract of whole embryos. The protease inhibitor, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, inhibited the formation of the 5.5S DNA polymerase, suggesting that it was proteolyticallymore » produced from the 7.3S DNA polymerase. This was demonstrated directly by converting the 7.3S DNA polymerase to the 5.5S DNA polymerase by treatment in vitro with trypsin. The degradation of the enzyme occurred without significant loss of DNA polymerase activity. It is further demonstrated that endogenous proteolysis reduced the chromatographic heterogeneity of the Drosophila DNA polymerase on diethylaminoethyl-Sephadex. When endogenous proteolysis was reduced, three forms of DNA polymerase were isolated by diethylaminoethylcellulose chromatography; two of these enzymes sedimented at 7.3 S and the third sedimented at 9.0 S. These results demonstrate the physical heterogeneity of the Drosophila DNA polymerase and suggest its similarity to vertebrate DNA polymerase-..cap alpha...« less
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  • Poliovirus 3CD is a multifunctional protein that serves as a precursor to the protease 3Cpro and the viral polymerase 3Dpol and also plays a role in the control of viral replication. Although 3CD is a fully functional protease, it lacks polymerase activity. We have solved the crystal structures of 3CD at a 3.4- Angstroms resolution and the G64S fidelity mutant of 3Dpol at a 3.0- Angstroms resolution. In the 3CD structure, the 3C and 3D domains are joined by a poorly ordered polypeptide linker, possibly to facilitate its cleavage, in an arrangement that precludes intramolecular proteolysis. The polymerase active sitemore » is intact in both the 3CD and the 3Dpol G64S structures, despite the disruption of a network proposed to position key residues in the active site. Therefore, changes in molecular flexibility may be responsible for the differences in fidelity and polymerase activities. Extensive packing contacts between symmetry-related 3CD molecules and the approach of the 3C domain's N terminus to the VPg binding site suggest how 3Dpol makes biologically relevant interactions with the 3C, 3CD, and 3BCD proteins that control the uridylylation of VPg during the initiation of viral replication. Indeed, mutations designed to disrupt these interfaces have pronounced effects on the uridylylation reaction in vitro.« less
  • The processivity factor of human cytomegalovirus DNA polymerase, phosphoprotein ppUL44, is essential for viral replication. During viral infection ppUL44 is phosphorylated by the viral kinase pUL97, but neither the target residues on ppUL44 nor the effect of phosphorylation on ppUL44's activity are known. We report here that ppUL44 is phosphorylated when transiently expressed in mammalian cells and coimmunoprecipitates with cellular kinases. Of three potential phosphorylation sites (S413, S415, S418) located upstream of ppUL44's nuclear localization signal (NLS) and one (T427) within the NLS itself, protein kinase CK2 (CK2) specifically phosphorylates S413, to trigger a cascade of phosphorylation of S418 andmore » S415 by CK1 and CK2, respectively. Negative charge at the CK2/CK1 target serine residues facilitates optimal nuclear accumulation of ppUL44, whereas negative charge on T427, a potential cyclin-dependent 1 phosphorylation site, strongly decreases nuclear accumulation. Thus, nuclear transport of ppUL44 is finely tuned during viral infection through complex phosphorylation events.« less
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