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Title: Respiratory disability in coal miners

Abstract

It has been suggested that the assessment of ventilatory capacity alone is inadequate for the determination of disabling occupational respiratory impairment in coal miners. The Department of Labor has accepted this view and now routinely requests blood gas analyses in those claimants not meeting the ventilatory criteria. We tested the validity of this contention by selecting two groups of coal miners claiming total disability. The first consisted of 150 claimants who were referred for spirometry, while the second consisted of 50 claimants who had been referred for blood gas studies. Of those in group 1, eight met the extant criteria for disability, while only two of those in group 2 satisfied the criteria, and, in both, cardiac disease was responsible. We conclude that blood gas analyses are unnecessary in the determination of pulmonary disability in coal miners.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of West Virginia Medical Center, Morgantown
OSTI Identifier:
5203331
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Am. Med. Assoc.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 243:23
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; COAL MINERS; OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; DIAGNOSIS; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BLOOD; EVALUATION; GASES; MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE; PERSONNEL MONITORING; BODY FLUIDS; DISEASES; FLUIDS; MATERIALS; MINERS; MONITORING; PERSONNEL; RADIATION MONITORING; 016000* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Health & Safety; 560306 - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Man- (-1987); 550600 - Medicine

Citation Formats

Morgan, W.K.C., Lapp, N.L., and Seaton, D. Respiratory disability in coal miners. United States: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.1001/jama.243.23.2401.
Morgan, W.K.C., Lapp, N.L., & Seaton, D. Respiratory disability in coal miners. United States. doi:10.1001/jama.243.23.2401.
Morgan, W.K.C., Lapp, N.L., and Seaton, D. Fri . "Respiratory disability in coal miners". United States. doi:10.1001/jama.243.23.2401.
@article{osti_5203331,
title = {Respiratory disability in coal miners},
author = {Morgan, W.K.C. and Lapp, N.L. and Seaton, D.},
abstractNote = {It has been suggested that the assessment of ventilatory capacity alone is inadequate for the determination of disabling occupational respiratory impairment in coal miners. The Department of Labor has accepted this view and now routinely requests blood gas analyses in those claimants not meeting the ventilatory criteria. We tested the validity of this contention by selecting two groups of coal miners claiming total disability. The first consisted of 150 claimants who were referred for spirometry, while the second consisted of 50 claimants who had been referred for blood gas studies. Of those in group 1, eight met the extant criteria for disability, while only two of those in group 2 satisfied the criteria, and, in both, cardiac disease was responsible. We conclude that blood gas analyses are unnecessary in the determination of pulmonary disability in coal miners.},
doi = {10.1001/jama.243.23.2401},
journal = {J. Am. Med. Assoc.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 243:23,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {6}
}