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Title: Report to Congress on ocean dumping, 1987-1990

Abstract

The Report to Congress summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) activities in carrying out its responsibilities under Title I of the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA) and its 1988 amendment, the Ocean Dumping Ban Act (ODBA). ODBA makes the ocean dumping of industrial waste and municipal sewage sludge unlawful after December 31, 1991. EPA's Office of Water (OW) in conjunction with EPA Regional Offices have responsibilities under MPRSA to regulate and monitor ocean disposal of municipal sewage sludge, industrial waste, and dredged materials as well as incineration-at-sea. In addition to administering MPRSA and ODBA, OW: (1) continued its participation in the work of the London Dumping Convention (LDC), the international agreement that addresses the dumping of wastes into the marine environment; (2) continued monitoring and public education activities aboard the Ocean Survey Vessel PETER W. ANDERSON; and (3) collaborated in programs with other organizations involved in marine protection.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States). Office of the Assistant Administrator for Water
OSTI Identifier:
5117988
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5117988
Report Number(s):
PB-92-188663/XAB; EPA--503/9-91/009
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: See also AD-A116 301
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; MARINE DISPOSAL; INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS; WASTES; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; MUNICIPAL WASTES; POLLUTION REGULATIONS; PUBLIC INFORMATION; SEWAGE SLUDGE; US EPA; WATER POLLUTION ABATEMENT; AGREEMENTS; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BIOLOGICAL WASTES; INFORMATION; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; POLLUTION ABATEMENT; REGULATIONS; SEWAGE; SLUDGES; US ORGANIZATIONS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT 540320* -- Environment, Aquatic-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 290300 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety

Citation Formats

Not Available. Report to Congress on ocean dumping, 1987-1990. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
Not Available. Report to Congress on ocean dumping, 1987-1990. United States.
Not Available. Sun . "Report to Congress on ocean dumping, 1987-1990". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5117988,
title = {Report to Congress on ocean dumping, 1987-1990},
author = {Not Available},
abstractNote = {The Report to Congress summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) activities in carrying out its responsibilities under Title I of the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA) and its 1988 amendment, the Ocean Dumping Ban Act (ODBA). ODBA makes the ocean dumping of industrial waste and municipal sewage sludge unlawful after December 31, 1991. EPA's Office of Water (OW) in conjunction with EPA Regional Offices have responsibilities under MPRSA to regulate and monitor ocean disposal of municipal sewage sludge, industrial waste, and dredged materials as well as incineration-at-sea. In addition to administering MPRSA and ODBA, OW: (1) continued its participation in the work of the London Dumping Convention (LDC), the international agreement that addresses the dumping of wastes into the marine environment; (2) continued monitoring and public education activities aboard the Ocean Survey Vessel PETER W. ANDERSON; and (3) collaborated in programs with other organizations involved in marine protection.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 1991},
month = {Sun Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 1991}
}

Technical Report:
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  • The report is structured along organizational and programmatic lines, and emphasizes the activities and accomplishments of the Ocean Assessments Division and the National Ocean Pollution Program Office. As in other recent annual reports, only those monitoring, research, and assessment activities that receive NOAA support under either Title II of the MPRSA or Sections 4, 6, or 8 of NOPPA are described. Activities currently conducted under the program include: a cooperative interagency analysis of marine pollution issues and priorities, and planning the necessary research and monitoring strategies to meet these priorities, a national program to assess the status and trends ofmore » coastal marine and estuarine environmental quality, including a NOAA quality assurance program for analytical measurements, a program to assess the effects of selected toxic chemicals on populations of living marine resources and a national capability to provide scientific support services during Federal responses to spills of oil and hazardous materials and during cleanup of hazardous waste sites in coastal areas.« less
  • Although the Committee is in agreement with the EPA that there are significant differences in the properties of most sewage sludge and dredged materials, significant exceptions exist. Clearly defined, consistent, rigorous, and peer-reviewed procedures must exist to identify these exceptions. The EPS Office of Marine and Estuarine Protection maintains that existing procedures for evaluating dredged materials (under Part 227.13) are adequate; however, based on the documents provided to the Committee, a rigorous protocol for identifying exceptions do not appear to exist.
  • The objective of this report is to provide the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Strategic Assessment and Special Studies with a technical basis for making decisions on research priorities and resource allocation as these relate to the question of ocean dumping. The program was organized into four tasks. First, historical trends in waste generation, disposal, and legislative and technological factors (as of 1982) were reviewed to indicate the likeihood that a particular waste type would be ocean dumped in the future. Second, the environmental implications of land-based alternatives were reviewed to provide background on the nature of risks associatedmore » with these alternatives. Third, the environmental implications of ocean disposal were reviewed for wastes and their constituents. Finally, based on the information generated in the first three tasks, recommendations are provided on future research needs and these are assigned either high, moderate, or low priority status.« less
  • The Council on Environmental Quality concludes that there is a critical need for a national policy on ocean dumping. It is not a serious, nationwide problem now, but the decisions made by municipalities and industries in the next few years could lead to dramatic increases in the level of dumping. Ocean-dumped wastes are heavily concentrated and contain materials that have a number of adverse effects. The Council study indicates that the volume of waste materials dumped in the ocean is growing rapidly. In most cases, feasible and economic land-based disposal methods are available for wastes currently being dumped in themore » ocean.« less