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Title: COMPARTMENTED REACTOR FUEL ELEMENT

Abstract

A method of making a nuclear reactor fuel element of the elongated red type is given wherein the fissionable fuel material is enclosed within a tubular metal cladding. The method comprises coating the metal cladding tube on its inside wall with a brazing alloy, inserting groups of cylindrical pellets of fissionable fuel material into the tube with spacing members between adjacent groups of pellets, sealing the ends of the tubes to leave a void space therewithin, heating the tube and its contents to an elevated temperature to melt the brazing alloy and to expand the pellets to their maximum dimensions under predetermined operating conditions thereby automatically positioning the spacing members along the tube, and finally cooling the tube to room temperature whereby the spacing disks become permanently fixed at their edges in the brazing alloy and define a hermetically sealed compartment for each fl group of fuel pellets. Upon cooling, the pellets contract thus leaving a space to accommodate thermal expansion of the pellets when in use in a reactor. The spacing members also provide lateral support for the tubular cladding to prevent collapse thereof when subjected to a reactor environment. (AEC)

Inventors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Originating Research Org. not identified
OSTI Identifier:
4767959
Patent Number(s):
US 3053743
Assignee:
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission DTIE; NSA-16-030773
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-62
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
METALS, CERAMICS, AND OTHER MATERIALS; ALLOYS; BRAZING; COATING; EXPANSION; FABRICATION; FUEL CANS; FUEL ELEMENTS; MELTING; PELLETS; SEALS; SPACERS; TEMPERATURE; TUBES

Citation Formats

Cain, F.M. Jr.. COMPARTMENTED REACTOR FUEL ELEMENT. United States: N. p., 1962. Web.
Cain, F.M. Jr.. COMPARTMENTED REACTOR FUEL ELEMENT. United States.
Cain, F.M. Jr.. 1962. "COMPARTMENTED REACTOR FUEL ELEMENT". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_4767959,
title = {COMPARTMENTED REACTOR FUEL ELEMENT},
author = {Cain, F.M. Jr.},
abstractNote = {A method of making a nuclear reactor fuel element of the elongated red type is given wherein the fissionable fuel material is enclosed within a tubular metal cladding. The method comprises coating the metal cladding tube on its inside wall with a brazing alloy, inserting groups of cylindrical pellets of fissionable fuel material into the tube with spacing members between adjacent groups of pellets, sealing the ends of the tubes to leave a void space therewithin, heating the tube and its contents to an elevated temperature to melt the brazing alloy and to expand the pellets to their maximum dimensions under predetermined operating conditions thereby automatically positioning the spacing members along the tube, and finally cooling the tube to room temperature whereby the spacing disks become permanently fixed at their edges in the brazing alloy and define a hermetically sealed compartment for each fl group of fuel pellets. Upon cooling, the pellets contract thus leaving a space to accommodate thermal expansion of the pellets when in use in a reactor. The spacing members also provide lateral support for the tubular cladding to prevent collapse thereof when subjected to a reactor environment. (AEC)},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1962,
month = 9
}