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Research Org.:
Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, D. C.
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
NSA Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: UNCL. Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-72
Country of Publication:
United States
N42500* -Engineering-Nuclear Explosions; N44340 - Environmental & Earth Sciences-Radioactivity Monitoring & Transport-Ecosystems & Food Cycles; CONTAMINATION; IODINE 131; MAN; MILK; NEVADA TEST SITE; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIATION MONITORING; RADIOACTIVITY; UNDERGROUND EXPLOSIONS; MILK/iodine-131 content in off-site, following Baneberry Event, (E); RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS/release from Baneberry Event, effects of energy coupling in ground on; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS, UNDERGROUND/radioactivity release from Baneberry Event, effects of energy coupling in ground on; IODINE ISOTOPES I-131/content in off-site milk following Baneberry Event, (E); RADIATION MONITORING/program for environmental, following Baneberry Event; RADIATION/ dosimetry for on- and off-site personnel following Baneberry Event

Citation Formats

None. BANEBERRY SUMMARY REPORT.. United States: N. p., 1971. Web. doi:10.2172/4679984.
None. BANEBERRY SUMMARY REPORT.. United States. doi:10.2172/4679984.
None. Fri . "BANEBERRY SUMMARY REPORT.". United States. doi:10.2172/4679984.
author = {None},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.2172/4679984},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1971},
month = {Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1971}

Technical Report:

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  • A ground motion calculation for the Baneberry nuclear event is described here. A scenario is presented which indicates that the containment failure was due to the lack of a 'mystical, magical membrane' around the Baneberry cavity. This membrane failed to form due to the negligible yield strength of the working point material which was over 50% montmorillonite clay.
  • Corrective Action Unit 365 comprises one corrective action site (CAS), CAS 08-23-02, U-8d Contamination Area. This site is being investigated because existing information on the nature and extent of potential contamination is insufficient to evaluate and recommend corrective action alternatives (CAAs). Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation before evaluating CAAs and selecting the appropriate corrective action for the CAS. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of viable CAAs that will be presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document. The site will be investigated based on the data quality objectives (DQOs)more » developed on July 6, 2010, by representatives of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to develop and evaluate appropriate corrective actions for the Baneberry site. The primary release associated with Corrective Action Unit 365 was radiological contamination from the Baneberry nuclear test. Baneberry was an underground weapons-related test that vented significant quantities of radioactive gases from a fissure located in close proximity to ground zero. A crater formed shortly after detonation, which stemmed part of the flow from the fissure. The scope of this investigation includes surface and shallow subsurface (less than 15 feet below ground surface) soils. Radionuclides from the Baneberry test with the potential to impact groundwater are included within the Underground Test Area Subproject. Investigations and corrective actions associated with the Underground Test Area Subproject include the radiological inventory resulting from the Baneberry test.« less
  • Corrective Action Unit 365 comprises one corrective action site (CAS), CAS 08-23-02, U-8d Contamination Area. The purpose of this CADD/CR is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 365 based on the implementation of the corrective action of closure in place with a use restriction (UR). Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from January 18, 2011, through August 2, 2011, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 365: Baneberry Contamination Area. The purpose of the CAI was to fulfill data needs as definedmore » during the data quality objective (DQO) process. The CAU 365 dataset of investigation results was evaluated based on a data quality assessment. This assessment demonstrated the dataset is complete and acceptable for use in supporting the DQO decisions. Investigation results were evaluated against final action levels (FALs) established in this document. A radiological dose FAL of 25 millirem per year was established based on the Remote Work Area exposure scenario (336 hours of annual exposure). Radiological doses exceeding the FAL were found to be present to the southwest of the Baneberry crater. It was also assumed that radionuclide levels present within the crater and fissure exceed the FAL. Corrective actions were undertaken that consisted of establishing a UR and posting warning signs for the crater, fissure, and the area located to the southwest of the crater where soil concentrations exceeded the FAL. These URs were recorded in the FFACO database; the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Facility Information Management System; and the NNSA/NSO CAU/CAS files. Therefore, NNSA/NSO provides the following recommendations: (1) No further corrective actions beyond what are described in this document are necessary for CAU 365. (2) A Notice of Completion to NNSA/NSO is requested from the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection for closure of CAU 365. (3) Corrective Action Unit 365 should be moved from Appendix III to Appendix IV of the FFACO.« less
  • On December 18, 1970, an underground nuclear test, conducted at the Nevada Test Site, released radioactive materials into the atmosphere with resultant on-site and off-site contamination. The Animal Investigation Program of the National Environmental Research Center, Las Vegas developed studies to document the distribution of fission and activation products in the tissue of domestic and wild animals residing within contaminated areas on and surrounding the Nevada Test Site. A study of radioiodine secretion in milk from cows at the experimental dairy farm, including urine and fecal excretion from four of them, was started about 24 hours after the venting. Amore » grazing intake study, which utilized fistulated steers, was also carried out. The analytical data collected from these studies are presented in this report. (auth)« less