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Title: Compact reaction cell for homogenizing and down-blending highly enriched uranium metal

Abstract

The invention is a specialized reaction cell for converting uranium metal to uranium oxide. In a preferred form, the reaction cell comprises a reaction chamber with increasing diameter along its length (e.g. a cylindrical chamber having a diameter of about 2 inches in a lower portion and having a diameter of from about 4 to about 12 inches in an upper portion). Such dimensions are important to achieve the necessary conversion while at the same time affording criticality control and transportability of the cell and product. The reaction chamber further comprises an upper port and a lower port, the lower port allowing for the entry of reactant gases into the reaction chamber, the upper port allowing for the exit of gases from the reaction chamber. A diffuser plate is attached to the lower port of the reaction chamber and serves to shape the flow of gas into the reaction chamber. The reaction cell further comprises means for introducing gases into the reaction chamber and a heating means capable of heating the contents of the reaction chamber. The present invention also relates to a method for converting uranium metal to uranium oxide in the reaction cell of the present invention. Themore » invention is useful for down-blending highly enriched uranium metal by the simultaneous conversion of highly enriched uranium metal and natural or depleted uranium metal to uranium oxide within the reaction cell. 4 figs.« less

Inventors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of California
OSTI Identifier:
46296
Patent Number(s):
US 5,411,722/A/
Application Number:
PAN: 8-141,753
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States) PTO; SCA: 450200; 055001; PA: EDB-95:078642; SN: 95001384517
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 2 May 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; CHEMICAL REACTORS; DESIGN; DEPLETED URANIUM; MIXING; HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM; NATURAL URANIUM; URANIUM OXIDES; PRODUCTION; NUCLEAR WEAPONS DISMANTLEMENT; OPERATION

Citation Formats

McLean, W. II, Miller, P.E., and Horton, J.A. Compact reaction cell for homogenizing and down-blending highly enriched uranium metal. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
McLean, W. II, Miller, P.E., & Horton, J.A. Compact reaction cell for homogenizing and down-blending highly enriched uranium metal. United States.
McLean, W. II, Miller, P.E., and Horton, J.A. Tue . "Compact reaction cell for homogenizing and down-blending highly enriched uranium metal". United States.
@article{osti_46296,
title = {Compact reaction cell for homogenizing and down-blending highly enriched uranium metal},
author = {McLean, W. II and Miller, P.E. and Horton, J.A.},
abstractNote = {The invention is a specialized reaction cell for converting uranium metal to uranium oxide. In a preferred form, the reaction cell comprises a reaction chamber with increasing diameter along its length (e.g. a cylindrical chamber having a diameter of about 2 inches in a lower portion and having a diameter of from about 4 to about 12 inches in an upper portion). Such dimensions are important to achieve the necessary conversion while at the same time affording criticality control and transportability of the cell and product. The reaction chamber further comprises an upper port and a lower port, the lower port allowing for the entry of reactant gases into the reaction chamber, the upper port allowing for the exit of gases from the reaction chamber. A diffuser plate is attached to the lower port of the reaction chamber and serves to shape the flow of gas into the reaction chamber. The reaction cell further comprises means for introducing gases into the reaction chamber and a heating means capable of heating the contents of the reaction chamber. The present invention also relates to a method for converting uranium metal to uranium oxide in the reaction cell of the present invention. The invention is useful for down-blending highly enriched uranium metal by the simultaneous conversion of highly enriched uranium metal and natural or depleted uranium metal to uranium oxide within the reaction cell. 4 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {5}
}