skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Code manual for MACCS2: Volume 1, user`s guide

Abstract

This report describes the use of the MACCS2 code. The document is primarily a user`s guide, though some model description information is included. MACCS2 represents a major enhancement of its predecessor MACCS, the MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System. MACCS, distributed by government code centers since 1990, was developed to evaluate the impacts of severe accidents at nuclear power plants on the surrounding public. The principal phenomena considered are atmospheric transport and deposition under time-variant meteorology, short- and long-term mitigative actions and exposure pathways, deterministic and stochastic health effects, and economic costs. No other U.S. code that is publicly available at present offers all these capabilities. MACCS2 was developed as a general-purpose tool applicable to diverse reactor and nonreactor facilities licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission or operated by the Department of Energy or the Department of Defense. The MACCS2 package includes three primary enhancements: (1) a more flexible emergency-response model, (2) an expanded library of radionuclides, and (3) a semidynamic food-chain model. Other improvements are in the areas of phenomenological modeling and new output options. Initial installation of the code, written in FORTRAN 77, requires a 486 or higher IBM-compatible PC with 8 MB of RAM.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety, and Health, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
461285
Report Number(s):
SAND-97-0594
ON: DE97005173; TRN: 97:007903
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 NUCLEAR REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; 99 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTERS, INFORMATION SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT, LAW, MISCELLANEOUS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; M CODES; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; REACTOR SAFETY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; FOOD CHAINS; MANUALS

Citation Formats

Chanin, D.I., and Young, M.L. Code manual for MACCS2: Volume 1, user`s guide. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.2172/461285.
Chanin, D.I., & Young, M.L. Code manual for MACCS2: Volume 1, user`s guide. United States. doi:10.2172/461285.
Chanin, D.I., and Young, M.L. Sat . "Code manual for MACCS2: Volume 1, user`s guide". United States. doi:10.2172/461285. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/461285.
@article{osti_461285,
title = {Code manual for MACCS2: Volume 1, user`s guide},
author = {Chanin, D.I. and Young, M.L.},
abstractNote = {This report describes the use of the MACCS2 code. The document is primarily a user`s guide, though some model description information is included. MACCS2 represents a major enhancement of its predecessor MACCS, the MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System. MACCS, distributed by government code centers since 1990, was developed to evaluate the impacts of severe accidents at nuclear power plants on the surrounding public. The principal phenomena considered are atmospheric transport and deposition under time-variant meteorology, short- and long-term mitigative actions and exposure pathways, deterministic and stochastic health effects, and economic costs. No other U.S. code that is publicly available at present offers all these capabilities. MACCS2 was developed as a general-purpose tool applicable to diverse reactor and nonreactor facilities licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission or operated by the Department of Energy or the Department of Defense. The MACCS2 package includes three primary enhancements: (1) a more flexible emergency-response model, (2) an expanded library of radionuclides, and (3) a semidynamic food-chain model. Other improvements are in the areas of phenomenological modeling and new output options. Initial installation of the code, written in FORTRAN 77, requires a 486 or higher IBM-compatible PC with 8 MB of RAM.},
doi = {10.2172/461285},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {3}
}