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Title: Multielement characterization of atmospheric pollutants by x-ray fluorescence analysis and instrumental neutron activation analysis

Abstract

The simultaneous measurement of a wide spectrum of elements in aerosols collected on air filters and in rainwater can yield information on the origin, transport, and removal of atmospheric pollutants. In order to determine the elemental content of these aerosols, a pair of highly sensitive, precise and complementing instrumental techniques, x-ray fluorescence and neutron activation analysis, have been developed and employed. Data are presented on the results of combined x-ray fluorescence and activation analysis of aerosols collected in a number of urban areas of the USA and from the 80th median sampling network in March 1972. From a comparison of these ratios in granite and diabase with those of filters placed in urban areas, it is evident that Zn, Se, Sb, Hg, and Pb levels have been increased by as much as several orders of magnitude. Al, Co, La, Fe, Eu, Sm, Tb, Ta, Hf, and Th appear to exist at levels compatible with an earth's crust origin. (auth)

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, Wash. (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
4026533
Report Number(s):
BNWL-SA-5610; CONF-760311-2
NSA Number:
NSA-33-025341
DOE Contract Number:  
E(45-1)-1830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Conference: Symposium on the development of nuclear-based techniques, Vienna, Austria, 15 Mar 1976; Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 30-JUN-76
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
N40110* -Chemistry-Analytical & Separations Chemistry- Activation & Nuclear Reaction Procedures; N40120 -Chemistry-Analytical & Separations Chemistry-Chemical & Spectral Procedures; N44410 -Environmental & Earth Sciences-Radiometric Techniques-Atmosphere; 400101* -Chemistry-Analytical & Separations Chemistry- Activation & Nuclear Reaction Procedures; *AEROSOLS- CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; *ALUMINIUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *ANTIMONY- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *COBALT- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *EUROPIUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *HAFNIUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *IRON- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *LANTHANUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *LEAD- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *MERCURY- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *SAMARIUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *SELENIUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *TANTALUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *TERBIUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *THORIUM- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; *ZINC- X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; AIR POLLUTION; BASAL

Citation Formats

Rancitelli, L.A., and Tanner, T.M. Multielement characterization of atmospheric pollutants by x-ray fluorescence analysis and instrumental neutron activation analysis. United States: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.2172/4026533.
Rancitelli, L.A., & Tanner, T.M. Multielement characterization of atmospheric pollutants by x-ray fluorescence analysis and instrumental neutron activation analysis. United States. doi:10.2172/4026533.
Rancitelli, L.A., and Tanner, T.M. Thu . "Multielement characterization of atmospheric pollutants by x-ray fluorescence analysis and instrumental neutron activation analysis". United States. doi:10.2172/4026533. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/4026533.
@article{osti_4026533,
title = {Multielement characterization of atmospheric pollutants by x-ray fluorescence analysis and instrumental neutron activation analysis},
author = {Rancitelli, L.A. and Tanner, T.M.},
abstractNote = {The simultaneous measurement of a wide spectrum of elements in aerosols collected on air filters and in rainwater can yield information on the origin, transport, and removal of atmospheric pollutants. In order to determine the elemental content of these aerosols, a pair of highly sensitive, precise and complementing instrumental techniques, x-ray fluorescence and neutron activation analysis, have been developed and employed. Data are presented on the results of combined x-ray fluorescence and activation analysis of aerosols collected in a number of urban areas of the USA and from the 80th median sampling network in March 1972. From a comparison of these ratios in granite and diabase with those of filters placed in urban areas, it is evident that Zn, Se, Sb, Hg, and Pb levels have been increased by as much as several orders of magnitude. Al, Co, La, Fe, Eu, Sm, Tb, Ta, Hf, and Th appear to exist at levels compatible with an earth's crust origin. (auth)},
doi = {10.2172/4026533},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1976},
month = {1}
}