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Title: Mechanical performance of Hi-Nicalon/CVI-SiC composites with multilayer SiC/C interfaces

Abstract

The mechanical properties and interfacial characteristics of new SiC/SiC ceramic composites, composed of Hi-Nicalon fibers in a CVI-SiC matrix and having a variety of multilayer SiC/C coatings between the fibers and the matrix, are studied in detail to elucidate the roles of the coatings and fibers. Axial tension tests and unload/reload hysteresis loop measurements are performed to determine mechanical performance. All materials exhibit the strong and tough behavior characteristic of good ceramic composites, with all multilayer variants performing quite similarly. SEM microscopy demonstrates that matrix cracks penetrate through the multilayers and debond at the fiber/inner-coating interface. Analysis of the hysteretic behavior leads to values for interfacial sliding resistance {tau} {approx} 11 ksi and interfacial toughness {Gamma}{sub i} {approx} 2 J/m{sup 2} that are nearly independent of multilayer structure, and are similar to values obtained for standard pyrolitic carbon interfaces. These results all indicate debonding at the fiber surface for all coating structures, which provides a common roughness, {tau}, and {Gamma}{sub i}. Analysis of fiber fracture mirrors provides an estimate of the in-situ strength of the fibers and demonstrates the high strength retention of the Hi-Nicalon fibers. The in-situ fiber strengths are combined with the measured pullout lengths to obtain anmore » independent determination of {tau} = 8.5 ksi that agrees well with the value found from the hysteretic behavior. Predictions of composite strength using the derived fiber strengths agree well with the measured value although the predicted failure strain is too large. This study demonstrates that Hi-Nicalon fiber/CVI-SiC composites perform well for a wide range of multilayer interface structures and that the interfaces present relatively high values of {tau} and {Gamma}{sub i}, both of which are beneficial to strength and toughness. The small carbon layer thicknesses in these multilayer coatings may allow for improved mechanical performance at elevated temperatures, in radiation environments, and possibly oxidizing environments.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
330672
Report Number(s):
CONF-9705115-PROC.; ORNL/FMP-97/1
ON: DE98007329; TRN: IM9915%%189
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Conference: 11. annual conference on fossil energy materials, Knoxville, TN (United States), 20-22 May 1997; Other Information: PBD: Dec 1997; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the eleventh annual conference on fossil energy materials; Judkins, R.R. [comp.]; PB: 419 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; SILICON CARBIDES; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; CARBON; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; INTERFACES; FIBERS; TENSILE PROPERTIES; FRACTURE PROPERTIES; EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Citation Formats

Halverson, H. G., Carter, R. H., and Curtin, W. A.. Mechanical performance of Hi-Nicalon/CVI-SiC composites with multilayer SiC/C interfaces. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.2172/330672.
Halverson, H. G., Carter, R. H., & Curtin, W. A.. Mechanical performance of Hi-Nicalon/CVI-SiC composites with multilayer SiC/C interfaces. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/330672
Halverson, H. G., Carter, R. H., and Curtin, W. A.. 1997. "Mechanical performance of Hi-Nicalon/CVI-SiC composites with multilayer SiC/C interfaces". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/330672. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/330672.
@article{osti_330672,
title = {Mechanical performance of Hi-Nicalon/CVI-SiC composites with multilayer SiC/C interfaces},
author = {Halverson, H. G. and Carter, R. H. and Curtin, W. A.},
abstractNote = {The mechanical properties and interfacial characteristics of new SiC/SiC ceramic composites, composed of Hi-Nicalon fibers in a CVI-SiC matrix and having a variety of multilayer SiC/C coatings between the fibers and the matrix, are studied in detail to elucidate the roles of the coatings and fibers. Axial tension tests and unload/reload hysteresis loop measurements are performed to determine mechanical performance. All materials exhibit the strong and tough behavior characteristic of good ceramic composites, with all multilayer variants performing quite similarly. SEM microscopy demonstrates that matrix cracks penetrate through the multilayers and debond at the fiber/inner-coating interface. Analysis of the hysteretic behavior leads to values for interfacial sliding resistance {tau} {approx} 11 ksi and interfacial toughness {Gamma}{sub i} {approx} 2 J/m{sup 2} that are nearly independent of multilayer structure, and are similar to values obtained for standard pyrolitic carbon interfaces. These results all indicate debonding at the fiber surface for all coating structures, which provides a common roughness, {tau}, and {Gamma}{sub i}. Analysis of fiber fracture mirrors provides an estimate of the in-situ strength of the fibers and demonstrates the high strength retention of the Hi-Nicalon fibers. The in-situ fiber strengths are combined with the measured pullout lengths to obtain an independent determination of {tau} = 8.5 ksi that agrees well with the value found from the hysteretic behavior. Predictions of composite strength using the derived fiber strengths agree well with the measured value although the predicted failure strain is too large. This study demonstrates that Hi-Nicalon fiber/CVI-SiC composites perform well for a wide range of multilayer interface structures and that the interfaces present relatively high values of {tau} and {Gamma}{sub i}, both of which are beneficial to strength and toughness. The small carbon layer thicknesses in these multilayer coatings may allow for improved mechanical performance at elevated temperatures, in radiation environments, and possibly oxidizing environments.},
doi = {10.2172/330672},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/330672}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {12}
}