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Title: Oxidation of SO{sub 2} over supported metal oxide catalysts

Abstract

A systematic catalytic investigation of the sulfur dioxide oxidation reactivity of several binary (M{sub x}O{sub y}/TiO{sub 2}) and ternary (V{sub 2}O{sub r}/M{sub x}O{sub y}/TiO{sub 2}) supported metal oxide catalysts was conducted. Raman spectroscopy characterization of the supported metal oxide catalysts revealed that the metal oxide components were essentially 100% dispersed as surface metal oxide species. Isolated fourfold coordinated metal oxide surface species are present for most oxides tested at low coverages, whereas at surface coverages approaching monolayer polymerized surface metal oxide species with sixfold coordination are present for some of the oxides. The sulfur dioxide oxidation turnover frequencies of the binary catalysts were all within an order of magnitude. An exception was the K{sub 2}O/TiO{sub 2} catalyst system, which is inactive for sulfur dioxide oxidation under the chosen reaction conditions. With the exception of K{sub 2}O, all of the surface metal oxide species present in the ternary catalysts (i.e., oxides of V, Fe, Re, Cr, Nb, Mo, and W) can undergo redox cycles and oxidize sulfur dioxide to sulfur trioxide. The turnover frequency for SO{sub 2} oxidation over all of these catalysts is approximately the same at both low and high surface coverages, despite structural differences in the surface metalmore » oxide overlayers. This indicates that the mechanism of sulfur dioxide oxidation is not sensitive to the coordination of the surface metal oxide species. A comparison of the activities of the ternary catalysts with the corresponding binary catalysts suggests that the surface vanadium oxide and the additive surface oxide redox sites act independently without synergistic interactions: the sum of the individual activities of the binary catalysts quantitatively correspond to the activity of the corresponding ternary catalyst. The ability of potassium oxide to significantly retard the redox potential of the surface vanadia species is primarily responsible for lower catalytic reactivity.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
316347
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 181; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: PBD: 25 Jan 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; SULFUR DIOXIDE; OXIDATION; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; VANADIUM OXIDES; IRON OXIDES; RHENIUM OXIDES; CHROMIUM OXIDES; NIOBIUM OXIDES; MOLYBDENUM OXIDES; TUNGSTEN OXIDES; POTASSIUM OXIDES; SULFUR TRIOXIDE; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL

Citation Formats

Dunn, J P, Stenger, Jr, H G, and Wachs, I E. Oxidation of SO{sub 2} over supported metal oxide catalysts. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1006/jcat.1998.2305.
Dunn, J P, Stenger, Jr, H G, & Wachs, I E. Oxidation of SO{sub 2} over supported metal oxide catalysts. United States. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1998.2305
Dunn, J P, Stenger, Jr, H G, and Wachs, I E. Mon . "Oxidation of SO{sub 2} over supported metal oxide catalysts". United States. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1998.2305.
@article{osti_316347,
title = {Oxidation of SO{sub 2} over supported metal oxide catalysts},
author = {Dunn, J P and Stenger, Jr, H G and Wachs, I E},
abstractNote = {A systematic catalytic investigation of the sulfur dioxide oxidation reactivity of several binary (M{sub x}O{sub y}/TiO{sub 2}) and ternary (V{sub 2}O{sub r}/M{sub x}O{sub y}/TiO{sub 2}) supported metal oxide catalysts was conducted. Raman spectroscopy characterization of the supported metal oxide catalysts revealed that the metal oxide components were essentially 100% dispersed as surface metal oxide species. Isolated fourfold coordinated metal oxide surface species are present for most oxides tested at low coverages, whereas at surface coverages approaching monolayer polymerized surface metal oxide species with sixfold coordination are present for some of the oxides. The sulfur dioxide oxidation turnover frequencies of the binary catalysts were all within an order of magnitude. An exception was the K{sub 2}O/TiO{sub 2} catalyst system, which is inactive for sulfur dioxide oxidation under the chosen reaction conditions. With the exception of K{sub 2}O, all of the surface metal oxide species present in the ternary catalysts (i.e., oxides of V, Fe, Re, Cr, Nb, Mo, and W) can undergo redox cycles and oxidize sulfur dioxide to sulfur trioxide. The turnover frequency for SO{sub 2} oxidation over all of these catalysts is approximately the same at both low and high surface coverages, despite structural differences in the surface metal oxide overlayers. This indicates that the mechanism of sulfur dioxide oxidation is not sensitive to the coordination of the surface metal oxide species. A comparison of the activities of the ternary catalysts with the corresponding binary catalysts suggests that the surface vanadium oxide and the additive surface oxide redox sites act independently without synergistic interactions: the sum of the individual activities of the binary catalysts quantitatively correspond to the activity of the corresponding ternary catalyst. The ability of potassium oxide to significantly retard the redox potential of the surface vanadia species is primarily responsible for lower catalytic reactivity.},
doi = {10.1006/jcat.1998.2305},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/316347}, journal = {Journal of Catalysis},
number = 2,
volume = 181,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {1}
}