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Title: A Three-Dimensional Optical Photonic Crystal

Abstract

The search for a photonic crystal to confine optical waves in all three dimensions (3D) has proven to be a formidable task. It evolves from an early theoretical suggestion [1,2], a brief skepticism [3-5] and triumph in developing the mm-wave [6-8] and infrared 3D photonic crystals [9]. Yet, the challenge remains, as the ultimate goal for optoelectronic applications is to realize a 3D crystal at X=1.5 pm communication wavelengths. Operating at visible and near infrared wavelengths, X=1-2 pm, a photonic crystal may enhance the spontaneous emission rate [1, 10] and give rise to a semiconductor lasers with a zero lasing threshold[11, 12]. Another important application is optically switching, routing and interconnecting light [13,14] with an ultrafast transmission speed of terabits per second. A photonic crystal may also serve as a platform for integrating an all-optical circuitry with multiple photonic components, such as waveguides and switches, built on one chip [15]. In this Letter, we report on the successful fabrication of a working 3D crystal operating at optical L The minimum feature size of the 3D structure is 180 nanometers. The 3D crystal is free from defects over the entire 6-inch silicon wafer and has an absolute photonic band gap centeredmore » at A.-1.6 pm. Our data provides the first conclusive evidence for the existence of a full 3D photonic band gap in optical A. This development will pave the way to tinier, cheaper, more effective waveguides, optical switches and lasers.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
2444
Report Number(s):
SAND98-2804J
ON: DE00002444
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Crystal Growth Methods; Silicon; Microstructure; Superlattices; Optical Properties; Optical Equipment; Energy Gap

Citation Formats

Fleming, J G, and Lin, S. A Three-Dimensional Optical Photonic Crystal. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Fleming, J G, & Lin, S. A Three-Dimensional Optical Photonic Crystal. United States.
Fleming, J G, and Lin, S. Thu . "A Three-Dimensional Optical Photonic Crystal". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2444.
@article{osti_2444,
title = {A Three-Dimensional Optical Photonic Crystal},
author = {Fleming, J G and Lin, S},
abstractNote = {The search for a photonic crystal to confine optical waves in all three dimensions (3D) has proven to be a formidable task. It evolves from an early theoretical suggestion [1,2], a brief skepticism [3-5] and triumph in developing the mm-wave [6-8] and infrared 3D photonic crystals [9]. Yet, the challenge remains, as the ultimate goal for optoelectronic applications is to realize a 3D crystal at X=1.5 pm communication wavelengths. Operating at visible and near infrared wavelengths, X=1-2 pm, a photonic crystal may enhance the spontaneous emission rate [1, 10] and give rise to a semiconductor lasers with a zero lasing threshold[11, 12]. Another important application is optically switching, routing and interconnecting light [13,14] with an ultrafast transmission speed of terabits per second. A photonic crystal may also serve as a platform for integrating an all-optical circuitry with multiple photonic components, such as waveguides and switches, built on one chip [15]. In this Letter, we report on the successful fabrication of a working 3D crystal operating at optical L The minimum feature size of the 3D structure is 180 nanometers. The 3D crystal is free from defects over the entire 6-inch silicon wafer and has an absolute photonic band gap centered at A.-1.6 pm. Our data provides the first conclusive evidence for the existence of a full 3D photonic band gap in optical A. This development will pave the way to tinier, cheaper, more effective waveguides, optical switches and lasers.},
doi = {},
journal = {Nature},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {12}
}