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Title: Status and perspectives of municipal solid waste incineration in China: A comparison with developed regions

Abstract

Highlights: • Questions about the applicability, technical status, and future of MSW incineration in China are answered. • Comparison involves China, EU, U.S., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan area. • MSW incineration is not out of date around the world. • The structure of MSW incineration technologies is changing in China. • Perspectives and suggestions are given for the compliance with the emission standard. - Abstract: With the rapid expansion of municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration, the applicability, technical status, and future improvement of MSW incineration attract much attention in China. This paper aims to be a sensible response, with the aid of a comparison between China and some representative developed regions including the EU, the U.S., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan area. A large number of up-to-date data and information are collected to quantitatively and impartially support the comparison, which covers a wider range of key points including spatial distribution, temporal evolution, technologies, emissions, and perspectives. Analysis results show that MSW incineration is not an outdated choice; however, policy making should prevent the potentially insufficient utilization of MSW incinerators. The structure of MSW incineration technologies is changing in China. The ratio of plants using fluidized bed is decreasing duemore » to various realistic reasons. Decision-makers would select suitable combustion technologies by comprehensive assessments, rather than just by costs. Air pollution control systems are improved with the implementation of China’s new emission standard. However, MSW incineration in China is currently blamed for substandard emissions. The reasons include the particular elemental compositions of Chinese MSW, the lack of operating experience, deficient fund for compliance with the emission standard, and the lack of reliable supervisory measures. Some perspectives and suggestions from both technical and managerial aspects are given for the compliance with the emission standard. This paper can provide strategic enlightenments for MSW management in China and other developing countries.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22742170
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Waste Management
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 69; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0956-053X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; COMBUSTION; EMISSION; FLUIDIZED BEDS; MUNICIPAL WASTES; SOLID WASTES; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; WASTE INCINERATORS; WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Lu, Jia-Wei, Zhang, Sukun, Hai, Jing, and Lei, Ming. Status and perspectives of municipal solid waste incineration in China: A comparison with developed regions. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.014.
Lu, Jia-Wei, Zhang, Sukun, Hai, Jing, & Lei, Ming. Status and perspectives of municipal solid waste incineration in China: A comparison with developed regions. United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.014.
Lu, Jia-Wei, Zhang, Sukun, Hai, Jing, and Lei, Ming. Wed . "Status and perspectives of municipal solid waste incineration in China: A comparison with developed regions". United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.014.
@article{osti_22742170,
title = {Status and perspectives of municipal solid waste incineration in China: A comparison with developed regions},
author = {Lu, Jia-Wei and Zhang, Sukun and Hai, Jing and Lei, Ming},
abstractNote = {Highlights: • Questions about the applicability, technical status, and future of MSW incineration in China are answered. • Comparison involves China, EU, U.S., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan area. • MSW incineration is not out of date around the world. • The structure of MSW incineration technologies is changing in China. • Perspectives and suggestions are given for the compliance with the emission standard. - Abstract: With the rapid expansion of municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration, the applicability, technical status, and future improvement of MSW incineration attract much attention in China. This paper aims to be a sensible response, with the aid of a comparison between China and some representative developed regions including the EU, the U.S., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan area. A large number of up-to-date data and information are collected to quantitatively and impartially support the comparison, which covers a wider range of key points including spatial distribution, temporal evolution, technologies, emissions, and perspectives. Analysis results show that MSW incineration is not an outdated choice; however, policy making should prevent the potentially insufficient utilization of MSW incinerators. The structure of MSW incineration technologies is changing in China. The ratio of plants using fluidized bed is decreasing due to various realistic reasons. Decision-makers would select suitable combustion technologies by comprehensive assessments, rather than just by costs. Air pollution control systems are improved with the implementation of China’s new emission standard. However, MSW incineration in China is currently blamed for substandard emissions. The reasons include the particular elemental compositions of Chinese MSW, the lack of operating experience, deficient fund for compliance with the emission standard, and the lack of reliable supervisory measures. Some perspectives and suggestions from both technical and managerial aspects are given for the compliance with the emission standard. This paper can provide strategic enlightenments for MSW management in China and other developing countries.},
doi = {10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.014},
journal = {Waste Management},
issn = {0956-053X},
number = ,
volume = 69,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}