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Title: The Low-mass Population in the Young Cluster Stock 8: Stellar Properties and Initial Mass Function

Abstract

The evolution of H ii regions/supershells can trigger a new generation of stars/clusters at their peripheries, with environmental conditions that may affect the initial mass function, disk evolution, and star formation efficiency. In this paper we study the stellar content and star formation processes in the young cluster Stock 8, which itself is thought to be formed during the expansion of a supershell. We present deep optical photometry along with JHK and 3.6 and 4.5 μ m photometry from UKIDSS and Spitzer -IRAC. We use multicolor criteria to identify the candidate young stellar objects in the region. Using evolutionary models, we obtain a median log(age) of ∼6.5 (∼3.0 Myr) with an observed age spread of ∼0.25 dex for the cluster. Monte Carlo simulations of the population of Stock 8, based on estimates for the photometric uncertainty, differential reddening, binarity, and variability, indicate that these uncertainties introduce an age spread of ∼0.15 dex. The intrinsic age spread in the cluster is ∼0.2 dex. The fraction of young stellar objects surrounded by disks is ∼35%. The K -band luminosity function of Stock 8 is similar to that of the Trapezium cluster. The initial mass function (IMF) of Stock 8 has a Salpeter-likemore » slope at >0.5 M {sub ⊙} and flattens and peaks at ∼0.4 M {sub ⊙}, below which it declines into the substellar regime. Although Stock 8 is surrounded by several massive stars, there seems to be no severe environmental effect in the form of the IMF due to the proximity of massive stars around the cluster.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Yi He Yuan Lu 5, Haidian Qu, Beijing 100871 (China)
  2. Graduate Institute of Astronomy, National Central University 300, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China)
  3. Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22667722
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 836; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; EFFICIENCY; EXPANSION; HYDROGEN; LUMINOSITY; MASS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; PHOTOMETRY; STAR CLUSTERS; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS

Citation Formats

Jose, Jessy, Herczeg, Gregory J., Fang, Qiliang, Samal, Manash R., and Panwar, Neelam, E-mail: jessyvjose1@gmail.com. The Low-mass Population in the Young Cluster Stock 8: Stellar Properties and Initial Mass Function. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/98.
Jose, Jessy, Herczeg, Gregory J., Fang, Qiliang, Samal, Manash R., & Panwar, Neelam, E-mail: jessyvjose1@gmail.com. The Low-mass Population in the Young Cluster Stock 8: Stellar Properties and Initial Mass Function. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/98.
Jose, Jessy, Herczeg, Gregory J., Fang, Qiliang, Samal, Manash R., and Panwar, Neelam, E-mail: jessyvjose1@gmail.com. Fri . "The Low-mass Population in the Young Cluster Stock 8: Stellar Properties and Initial Mass Function". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/98.
@article{osti_22667722,
title = {The Low-mass Population in the Young Cluster Stock 8: Stellar Properties and Initial Mass Function},
author = {Jose, Jessy and Herczeg, Gregory J. and Fang, Qiliang and Samal, Manash R. and Panwar, Neelam, E-mail: jessyvjose1@gmail.com},
abstractNote = {The evolution of H ii regions/supershells can trigger a new generation of stars/clusters at their peripheries, with environmental conditions that may affect the initial mass function, disk evolution, and star formation efficiency. In this paper we study the stellar content and star formation processes in the young cluster Stock 8, which itself is thought to be formed during the expansion of a supershell. We present deep optical photometry along with JHK and 3.6 and 4.5 μ m photometry from UKIDSS and Spitzer -IRAC. We use multicolor criteria to identify the candidate young stellar objects in the region. Using evolutionary models, we obtain a median log(age) of ∼6.5 (∼3.0 Myr) with an observed age spread of ∼0.25 dex for the cluster. Monte Carlo simulations of the population of Stock 8, based on estimates for the photometric uncertainty, differential reddening, binarity, and variability, indicate that these uncertainties introduce an age spread of ∼0.15 dex. The intrinsic age spread in the cluster is ∼0.2 dex. The fraction of young stellar objects surrounded by disks is ∼35%. The K -band luminosity function of Stock 8 is similar to that of the Trapezium cluster. The initial mass function (IMF) of Stock 8 has a Salpeter-like slope at >0.5 M {sub ⊙} and flattens and peaks at ∼0.4 M {sub ⊙}, below which it declines into the substellar regime. Although Stock 8 is surrounded by several massive stars, there seems to be no severe environmental effect in the form of the IMF due to the proximity of massive stars around the cluster.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/98},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 836,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 10 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Feb 10 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}