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Title: Radio-flaring Ultracool Dwarf Population Synthesis

Abstract

Over a dozen ultracool dwarfs (UCDs), low-mass objects of spectral types ≥M7, are known to be sources of radio flares. These typically several-minutes-long radio bursts can be up to 100% circularly polarized and have high brightness temperatures, consistent with coherent emission via the electron cyclotron maser operating in approximately kilogauss magnetic fields. Recently, the statistical properties of the bulk physical parameters that describe these UCDs have become described adequately enough to permit synthesis of the population of radio-flaring objects. For the first time, I construct a Monte Carlo simulator to model the population of these radio-flaring UCDs. This simulator is powered by Intel Secure Key (ISK), a new processor technology that uses a local entropy source to improve random number generation that has heretofore been used to improve cryptography. The results from this simulator indicate that only ∼5% of radio-flaring UCDs within the local interstellar neighborhood (<25 pc away) have been discovered. I discuss a number of scenarios that may explain this radio-flaring fraction and suggest that the observed behavior is likely a result of several factors. The performance of ISK as compared to other pseudorandom number generators is also evaluated, and its potential utility for other astrophysical codes ismore » briefly described.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, the Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22663266
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 845; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APPROXIMATIONS; ASTROPHYSICS; BRIGHTNESS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CRYPTOGRAPHY; CYCLOTRON RADIATION; DWARF STARS; ELECTRONS; EMISSION; ENTROPY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MASS; MICROWAVE AMPLIFIERS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; RANDOMNESS; STARS; SYNTHESIS

Citation Formats

Route, Matthew, E-mail: mroute@purdue.edu. Radio-flaring Ultracool Dwarf Population Synthesis. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA7EDE.
Route, Matthew, E-mail: mroute@purdue.edu. Radio-flaring Ultracool Dwarf Population Synthesis. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA7EDE.
Route, Matthew, E-mail: mroute@purdue.edu. Thu . "Radio-flaring Ultracool Dwarf Population Synthesis". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA7EDE.
@article{osti_22663266,
title = {Radio-flaring Ultracool Dwarf Population Synthesis},
author = {Route, Matthew, E-mail: mroute@purdue.edu},
abstractNote = {Over a dozen ultracool dwarfs (UCDs), low-mass objects of spectral types ≥M7, are known to be sources of radio flares. These typically several-minutes-long radio bursts can be up to 100% circularly polarized and have high brightness temperatures, consistent with coherent emission via the electron cyclotron maser operating in approximately kilogauss magnetic fields. Recently, the statistical properties of the bulk physical parameters that describe these UCDs have become described adequately enough to permit synthesis of the population of radio-flaring objects. For the first time, I construct a Monte Carlo simulator to model the population of these radio-flaring UCDs. This simulator is powered by Intel Secure Key (ISK), a new processor technology that uses a local entropy source to improve random number generation that has heretofore been used to improve cryptography. The results from this simulator indicate that only ∼5% of radio-flaring UCDs within the local interstellar neighborhood (<25 pc away) have been discovered. I discuss a number of scenarios that may explain this radio-flaring fraction and suggest that the observed behavior is likely a result of several factors. The performance of ISK as compared to other pseudorandom number generators is also evaluated, and its potential utility for other astrophysical codes is briefly described.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/AA7EDE},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 845,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}