skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Evolution of the Phase Lags Associated with the Type-C Quasi-periodic Oscillation in GX 339–4 during the 2006/2007 Outburst

Abstract

We present the evolution of the phase lags associated with the type-C QPO in GX 339–4 during the rising phase of the 2006/2007 outburst. We find that the phase lags at the QPO frequency are always positive (hard) and show very different behavior between QPOs with frequencies below and above ∼1.7 Hz: when the QPO frequency is below ∼1.7 Hz, the phase lags increase both with QPO frequency and energy, while when the QPO frequency is above ∼1.7 Hz, the phase lags remain more or less constant. When the QPO frequency is higher than ∼1.7 Hz, a broad feature is always present in the lag–energy spectra at around 6.5 keV, suggesting that the reflection component may have a significant contribution to the phase lags. Below ∼1.7 Hz, the QPO rms first decreases with energy and then turns to almost flat, while above ∼1.7 Hz, the QPO rms increases with energy. During the transition from the low-hard state to the hard-intermediate state, the second harmonic and subharmonic of this QPO appear in the power density spectra. The second-harmonic and subharmonic phase lags show very similar evolutions for their centroid frequencies. However, the energy dependence of the second-harmonic and subharmonic phase lagsmore » are quite different. Our results suggest that, at different phases of the outburst, different mechanisms may be responsible for the phase lags of the QPO. We briefly discuss the possible scenarios for producing the lags.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)
  2. Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, NL-9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)
  3. Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, CAS, Beijing 100049 (China)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)
  5. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22663215
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 845; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; BLACK HOLES; ENERGY DEPENDENCE; ENERGY SPECTRA; EVOLUTION; HARMONICS; INTERMEDIATE STATE; KEV RANGE; PERIODICITY; POWER DENSITY; REFLECTION; RISE; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Zhang, Liang, Chen, Li, Wang, Yanan, Méndez, Mariano, Qu, Jinlu, Altamirano, Diego, and Belloni, Tomaso, E-mail: 201431160006@mail.bnu.edu.cn. The Evolution of the Phase Lags Associated with the Type-C Quasi-periodic Oscillation in GX 339–4 during the 2006/2007 Outburst. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA8138.
Zhang, Liang, Chen, Li, Wang, Yanan, Méndez, Mariano, Qu, Jinlu, Altamirano, Diego, & Belloni, Tomaso, E-mail: 201431160006@mail.bnu.edu.cn. The Evolution of the Phase Lags Associated with the Type-C Quasi-periodic Oscillation in GX 339–4 during the 2006/2007 Outburst. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA8138.
Zhang, Liang, Chen, Li, Wang, Yanan, Méndez, Mariano, Qu, Jinlu, Altamirano, Diego, and Belloni, Tomaso, E-mail: 201431160006@mail.bnu.edu.cn. Sun . "The Evolution of the Phase Lags Associated with the Type-C Quasi-periodic Oscillation in GX 339–4 during the 2006/2007 Outburst". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA8138.
@article{osti_22663215,
title = {The Evolution of the Phase Lags Associated with the Type-C Quasi-periodic Oscillation in GX 339–4 during the 2006/2007 Outburst},
author = {Zhang, Liang and Chen, Li and Wang, Yanan and Méndez, Mariano and Qu, Jinlu and Altamirano, Diego and Belloni, Tomaso, E-mail: 201431160006@mail.bnu.edu.cn},
abstractNote = {We present the evolution of the phase lags associated with the type-C QPO in GX 339–4 during the rising phase of the 2006/2007 outburst. We find that the phase lags at the QPO frequency are always positive (hard) and show very different behavior between QPOs with frequencies below and above ∼1.7 Hz: when the QPO frequency is below ∼1.7 Hz, the phase lags increase both with QPO frequency and energy, while when the QPO frequency is above ∼1.7 Hz, the phase lags remain more or less constant. When the QPO frequency is higher than ∼1.7 Hz, a broad feature is always present in the lag–energy spectra at around 6.5 keV, suggesting that the reflection component may have a significant contribution to the phase lags. Below ∼1.7 Hz, the QPO rms first decreases with energy and then turns to almost flat, while above ∼1.7 Hz, the QPO rms increases with energy. During the transition from the low-hard state to the hard-intermediate state, the second harmonic and subharmonic of this QPO appear in the power density spectra. The second-harmonic and subharmonic phase lags show very similar evolutions for their centroid frequencies. However, the energy dependence of the second-harmonic and subharmonic phase lags are quite different. Our results suggest that, at different phases of the outburst, different mechanisms may be responsible for the phase lags of the QPO. We briefly discuss the possible scenarios for producing the lags.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/AA8138},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 845,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Aug 20 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sun Aug 20 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}