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Title: SU-C-BRA-06: Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation for Stereotactic Radiosurgery Applications

Abstract

Purpose: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), which delivers a potent dose of highly conformal radiation to the target in a single fraction, requires accurate tumor delineation for treatment planning. We present an automatic segmentation strategy, that synergizes intensity histogram thresholding, super-voxel clustering, and level-set based contour evolving methods to efficiently and accurately delineate SRS brain tumors on contrast-enhance T1-weighted (T1c) Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI). Methods: The developed auto-segmentation strategy consists of three major steps. Firstly, tumor sites are localized through 2D slice intensity histogram scanning. Then, super voxels are obtained through clustering the corresponding voxels in 3D with reference to the similarity metrics composited from spatial distance and intensity difference. The combination of the above two could generate the initial contour surface. Finally, a localized region active contour model is utilized to evolve the surface to achieve the accurate delineation of the tumors. The developed method was evaluated on numerical phantom data, synthetic BRATS (Multimodal Brain Tumor Image Segmentation challenge) data, and clinical patients’ data. The auto-segmentation results were quantitatively evaluated by comparing to ground truths with both volume and surface similarity metrics. Results: DICE coefficient (DC) was performed as a quantitative metric to evaluate the auto-segmentation in the numerical phantom withmore » 8 tumors. DCs are 0.999±0.001 without noise, 0.969±0.065 with Rician noise and 0.976±0.038 with Gaussian noise. DC, NMI (Normalized Mutual Information), SSIM (Structural Similarity) and Hausdorff distance (HD) were calculated as the metrics for the BRATS and patients’ data. Assessment of BRATS data across 25 tumor segmentation yield DC 0.886±0.078, NMI 0.817±0.108, SSIM 0.997±0.002, and HD 6.483±4.079mm. Evaluation on 8 patients with total 14 tumor sites yield DC 0.872±0.070, NMI 0.824±0.078, SSIM 0.999±0.001, and HD 5.926±6.141mm. Conclusion: The developed automatic segmentation strategy, which yields accurate brain tumor delineation in evaluation cases, is promising for its application in SRS treatment planning.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22624328
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; BRAIN; IMAGES; NEOPLASMS; NMR IMAGING; NOISE; PATIENTS; PHANTOMS; PLANNING; RADIOTHERAPY; SURGERY

Citation Formats

Liu, Y, Stojadinovic, S, Jiang, S, Timmerman, R, Abdulrahman, R, Nedzi, L, and Gu, X. SU-C-BRA-06: Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation for Stereotactic Radiosurgery Applications. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4955567.
Liu, Y, Stojadinovic, S, Jiang, S, Timmerman, R, Abdulrahman, R, Nedzi, L, & Gu, X. SU-C-BRA-06: Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation for Stereotactic Radiosurgery Applications. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4955567.
Liu, Y, Stojadinovic, S, Jiang, S, Timmerman, R, Abdulrahman, R, Nedzi, L, and Gu, X. Wed . "SU-C-BRA-06: Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation for Stereotactic Radiosurgery Applications". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4955567.
@article{osti_22624328,
title = {SU-C-BRA-06: Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation for Stereotactic Radiosurgery Applications},
author = {Liu, Y and Stojadinovic, S and Jiang, S and Timmerman, R and Abdulrahman, R and Nedzi, L and Gu, X},
abstractNote = {Purpose: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), which delivers a potent dose of highly conformal radiation to the target in a single fraction, requires accurate tumor delineation for treatment planning. We present an automatic segmentation strategy, that synergizes intensity histogram thresholding, super-voxel clustering, and level-set based contour evolving methods to efficiently and accurately delineate SRS brain tumors on contrast-enhance T1-weighted (T1c) Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI). Methods: The developed auto-segmentation strategy consists of three major steps. Firstly, tumor sites are localized through 2D slice intensity histogram scanning. Then, super voxels are obtained through clustering the corresponding voxels in 3D with reference to the similarity metrics composited from spatial distance and intensity difference. The combination of the above two could generate the initial contour surface. Finally, a localized region active contour model is utilized to evolve the surface to achieve the accurate delineation of the tumors. The developed method was evaluated on numerical phantom data, synthetic BRATS (Multimodal Brain Tumor Image Segmentation challenge) data, and clinical patients’ data. The auto-segmentation results were quantitatively evaluated by comparing to ground truths with both volume and surface similarity metrics. Results: DICE coefficient (DC) was performed as a quantitative metric to evaluate the auto-segmentation in the numerical phantom with 8 tumors. DCs are 0.999±0.001 without noise, 0.969±0.065 with Rician noise and 0.976±0.038 with Gaussian noise. DC, NMI (Normalized Mutual Information), SSIM (Structural Similarity) and Hausdorff distance (HD) were calculated as the metrics for the BRATS and patients’ data. Assessment of BRATS data across 25 tumor segmentation yield DC 0.886±0.078, NMI 0.817±0.108, SSIM 0.997±0.002, and HD 6.483±4.079mm. Evaluation on 8 patients with total 14 tumor sites yield DC 0.872±0.070, NMI 0.824±0.078, SSIM 0.999±0.001, and HD 5.926±6.141mm. Conclusion: The developed automatic segmentation strategy, which yields accurate brain tumor delineation in evaluation cases, is promising for its application in SRS treatment planning.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4955567},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}