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Title: Causal impact of magnetic fluctuations in slow and fast L–H transitions at TJ-II

Abstract

This work focuses on the relationship between L–H (or L–I) transitions and MHD activity in the low magnetic shear TJ-II stellarator. It is shown that the presence of a low order rational surface in the plasma edge (gradient) region lowers the threshold density for H-mode access. MHD activity is systematically suppressed near the confinement transition. We apply a causality detection technique (based on the Transfer Entropy) to study the relation between magnetic oscillations and locally measured plasma rotation velocity (related to Zonal Flows). For this purpose, we study a large number of discharges in two magnetic configurations, corresponding to “fast” and “slow” transitions. With the “slow” transitions, the developing Zonal Flow prior to the transition is associated with the gradual reduction of magnetic oscillations. The transition itself is marked by a strong spike of “information transfer” from magnetic to velocity oscillations, suggesting that the magnetic drive may play a role in setting up the final sheared flow responsible for the H-mode transport barrier. Similar observations were made for the “fast” transitions. Thus, it is shown that magnetic oscillations associated with rational surfaces play an important and active role in confinement transitions, so that electromagnetic effects should be included in anymore » complete transition model.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Laboratorio Nacional de Fusion, CIEMAT, Avda. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain)
  2. BACV Solutions, 110 Mohawk Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 (United States)
  3. Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Baleares, Muelle de Poniente s/n, 07015 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22599995
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2016 EURATOM; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CAUSALITY; DIFFUSION BARRIERS; ENTROPY; FLUCTUATIONS; H-MODE PLASMA CONFINEMENT; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; MODE RATIONAL SURFACES; OSCILLATIONS; PLASMA; PLASMA DENSITY; REDUCTION; ROTATING PLASMA; SHEAR; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Milligen, B. Ph. van, Estrada, T., Ascasíbar, E., Hidalgo, C., Pastor, I., Fontdecaba, J. M., Carreras, B. A., and Balbín, R. Causal impact of magnetic fluctuations in slow and fast L–H transitions at TJ-II. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4958807.
Milligen, B. Ph. van, Estrada, T., Ascasíbar, E., Hidalgo, C., Pastor, I., Fontdecaba, J. M., Carreras, B. A., & Balbín, R. Causal impact of magnetic fluctuations in slow and fast L–H transitions at TJ-II. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958807.
Milligen, B. Ph. van, Estrada, T., Ascasíbar, E., Hidalgo, C., Pastor, I., Fontdecaba, J. M., Carreras, B. A., and Balbín, R. 2016. "Causal impact of magnetic fluctuations in slow and fast L–H transitions at TJ-II". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958807.
@article{osti_22599995,
title = {Causal impact of magnetic fluctuations in slow and fast L–H transitions at TJ-II},
author = {Milligen, B. Ph. van and Estrada, T. and Ascasíbar, E. and Hidalgo, C. and Pastor, I. and Fontdecaba, J. M. and Carreras, B. A. and Balbín, R.},
abstractNote = {This work focuses on the relationship between L–H (or L–I) transitions and MHD activity in the low magnetic shear TJ-II stellarator. It is shown that the presence of a low order rational surface in the plasma edge (gradient) region lowers the threshold density for H-mode access. MHD activity is systematically suppressed near the confinement transition. We apply a causality detection technique (based on the Transfer Entropy) to study the relation between magnetic oscillations and locally measured plasma rotation velocity (related to Zonal Flows). For this purpose, we study a large number of discharges in two magnetic configurations, corresponding to “fast” and “slow” transitions. With the “slow” transitions, the developing Zonal Flow prior to the transition is associated with the gradual reduction of magnetic oscillations. The transition itself is marked by a strong spike of “information transfer” from magnetic to velocity oscillations, suggesting that the magnetic drive may play a role in setting up the final sheared flow responsible for the H-mode transport barrier. Similar observations were made for the “fast” transitions. Thus, it is shown that magnetic oscillations associated with rational surfaces play an important and active role in confinement transitions, so that electromagnetic effects should be included in any complete transition model.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4958807},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 7,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}