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Title: Compression-amplified EMIC waves and their effects on relativistic electrons

Abstract

During enhancement of solar wind dynamic pressure, we observe the periodic emissions of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves near the nightside geosynchronous orbit (6.6R{sub E}). In the hydrogen and helium bands, the different polarized EMIC waves have different influences on relativistic electrons (>0.8 MeV). The flux of relativistic electrons is relatively stable if there are only the linearly polarized EMIC waves, but their flux decreases if the left-hand polarized (L-mode) EMIC waves are sufficiently amplified (power spectral density (PSD) ≥ 1 nT{sup 2}/Hz). The larger-amplitude L-mode waves can cause more electron losses. In contrast, the R-mode EMIC waves are very weak (PSD < 1 nT{sup 2}/Hz) during the electron flux dropouts; thus, their influence may be ignored here. During the electron flux dropouts, the relativistic electron precipitation is observed by POES satellite near the foot point (∼850 km) of the wave emission region. The quasi-linear simulation of wave-particle interactions indicates that the L-mode EMIC waves can cause the rapid precipitation loss of relativistic electrons, especially when the initial resonant electrons have a butterfly-like pitch angle distribution.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. School of Space and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing (China)
  2. School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22598976
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AMPLITUDES; COMPRESSION; CYCLOTRONS; ELECTRON LOSS; ELECTRON PRECIPITATION; ELECTRONS; EMISSION; HELIUM; HYDROGEN; L-MODE PLASMA CONFINEMENT; MEV RANGE 01-10; PARTICLE INTERACTIONS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SIMULATION; SOLAR WIND; SPECTRAL DENSITY

Citation Formats

Li, L. Y., E-mail: lyli-ssri@buaa.edu.cn, Yu, J., Cao, J. B., and Yuan, Z. G. Compression-amplified EMIC waves and their effects on relativistic electrons. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4953899.
Li, L. Y., E-mail: lyli-ssri@buaa.edu.cn, Yu, J., Cao, J. B., & Yuan, Z. G. Compression-amplified EMIC waves and their effects on relativistic electrons. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4953899.
Li, L. Y., E-mail: lyli-ssri@buaa.edu.cn, Yu, J., Cao, J. B., and Yuan, Z. G. Wed . "Compression-amplified EMIC waves and their effects on relativistic electrons". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4953899.
@article{osti_22598976,
title = {Compression-amplified EMIC waves and their effects on relativistic electrons},
author = {Li, L. Y., E-mail: lyli-ssri@buaa.edu.cn and Yu, J. and Cao, J. B. and Yuan, Z. G.},
abstractNote = {During enhancement of solar wind dynamic pressure, we observe the periodic emissions of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves near the nightside geosynchronous orbit (6.6R{sub E}). In the hydrogen and helium bands, the different polarized EMIC waves have different influences on relativistic electrons (>0.8 MeV). The flux of relativistic electrons is relatively stable if there are only the linearly polarized EMIC waves, but their flux decreases if the left-hand polarized (L-mode) EMIC waves are sufficiently amplified (power spectral density (PSD) ≥ 1 nT{sup 2}/Hz). The larger-amplitude L-mode waves can cause more electron losses. In contrast, the R-mode EMIC waves are very weak (PSD < 1 nT{sup 2}/Hz) during the electron flux dropouts; thus, their influence may be ignored here. During the electron flux dropouts, the relativistic electron precipitation is observed by POES satellite near the foot point (∼850 km) of the wave emission region. The quasi-linear simulation of wave-particle interactions indicates that the L-mode EMIC waves can cause the rapid precipitation loss of relativistic electrons, especially when the initial resonant electrons have a butterfly-like pitch angle distribution.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4953899},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 6,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}