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Title: Ferromagnetic and multiferroic interfaces in granular perovskite composite xLa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3}-(1−x)BiFeO{sub 3}

Abstract

Nanopowder of ferromagnetic La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} (LSCO) and multiferroic BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO) were synthesized by spray pyrolysis method. Different compositions of multiferroic xLSCO-(1−x)BFO composites were synthesized at 800 °C for 2 h. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy elemental mapping were performed to study the morphology of composites. Ferri/ferromagnetic responses above T{sub C} (LSCO) are observed, which are associated with the interfaces LSCO/BFO. This interface presents a different behavior compared to the original perovskites, and the magnitude of the magnetization depends on x. Electrical DC conductivity as a function of temperature for LSCO nanopowder (x = 1) presents a different behavior than that reported in bulk material. For x = 1 and 0.9, the model by Glazman and Matveev [Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 332 (1988)] is proposed to describe the electrical conductivity. On the other hand, x = 0, 0.1, and 0.5 present a variable range hopping behavior. Complex impedance spectroscopy as a function of frequency indicates a pure resistive behavior for x ≥ 0.5 compositions, while a complex resistive-capacitive behavior is observed for low x values (0, 0.1). In these samples, low values of magnetoelectric coupling were measured with an AC lock-in technique.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Centro Atómico Bariloche, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, CONICET and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche, RN (Argentina)
  2. INTEQUI, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, CONICET, Área de Química General e Inorgánica “Dr. G.F.Puelles”- Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis (Argentina)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22598902
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COUPLING; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; IMPEDANCE; INTERFACES; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MAPPING; MORPHOLOGY; NANOSTRUCTURES; PEROVSKITE; POWDERS; PYROLYSIS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE

Citation Formats

Lohr, Javier H., Saleta, Martín E., Sánchez, Rodolfo D., E-mail: rodo@cab.cnea.gov.ar, and López, Carlos A.. Ferromagnetic and multiferroic interfaces in granular perovskite composite xLa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3}-(1−x)BiFeO{sub 3}. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4960697.
Lohr, Javier H., Saleta, Martín E., Sánchez, Rodolfo D., E-mail: rodo@cab.cnea.gov.ar, & López, Carlos A.. Ferromagnetic and multiferroic interfaces in granular perovskite composite xLa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3}-(1−x)BiFeO{sub 3}. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4960697.
Lohr, Javier H., Saleta, Martín E., Sánchez, Rodolfo D., E-mail: rodo@cab.cnea.gov.ar, and López, Carlos A.. 2016. "Ferromagnetic and multiferroic interfaces in granular perovskite composite xLa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3}-(1−x)BiFeO{sub 3}". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4960697.
@article{osti_22598902,
title = {Ferromagnetic and multiferroic interfaces in granular perovskite composite xLa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3}-(1−x)BiFeO{sub 3}},
author = {Lohr, Javier H. and Saleta, Martín E. and Sánchez, Rodolfo D., E-mail: rodo@cab.cnea.gov.ar and López, Carlos A.},
abstractNote = {Nanopowder of ferromagnetic La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} (LSCO) and multiferroic BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO) were synthesized by spray pyrolysis method. Different compositions of multiferroic xLSCO-(1−x)BFO composites were synthesized at 800 °C for 2 h. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy elemental mapping were performed to study the morphology of composites. Ferri/ferromagnetic responses above T{sub C} (LSCO) are observed, which are associated with the interfaces LSCO/BFO. This interface presents a different behavior compared to the original perovskites, and the magnitude of the magnetization depends on x. Electrical DC conductivity as a function of temperature for LSCO nanopowder (x = 1) presents a different behavior than that reported in bulk material. For x = 1 and 0.9, the model by Glazman and Matveev [Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 332 (1988)] is proposed to describe the electrical conductivity. On the other hand, x = 0, 0.1, and 0.5 present a variable range hopping behavior. Complex impedance spectroscopy as a function of frequency indicates a pure resistive behavior for x ≥ 0.5 compositions, while a complex resistive-capacitive behavior is observed for low x values (0, 0.1). In these samples, low values of magnetoelectric coupling were measured with an AC lock-in technique.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4960697},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 7,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
  • The low-temperature magnetic behavior of granular Co-CoO exchange bias systems, prepared by oxygen ion implantation in Co thin films and subsequent annealing, is addressed. The thermal activation effects lead to an O migration which results in virtually pure Co areas embedded in a structurally relaxed and nearly stoichiometric CoO phase. This yields decreased training and exchange bias shifts, while the blocking temperature significantly increases, coming close to the Néel temperature of bulk CoO for samples implanted to a fluence above 1 × 10{sup 17} ions/cm{sup 2} (15% O). The dependence of the exchange bias shift on the pristine O-implanted content is analogousmore » to that of the antiferromagnetic thickness in most ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic systems (i.e., an increase in the exchange bias shift up to a maximum followed by a decrease until a steady state is reached), suggesting that, after annealing, the enriched Co areas might be rather similar in size for samples implanted above 1 × 10{sup 17} ions/cm{sup 2}, whereas the corresponding CoO counterparts become enlarged with pristine O content (i.e., effect of the antiferromagnet size). This study demonstrates that the magnetic properties of granular Co-CoO systems can be tailored by controllably modifying the local microstructure through annealing treatments.« less
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