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Title: Role of melt behavior in modifying oxidation distribution using an interface incorporated model in selective laser melting of aluminum-based material

Abstract

A transient three dimensional model for describing the molten pool dynamics and the response of oxidation film evolution in the selective laser melting of aluminum-based material is proposed. The physical difference in both sides of the scan track, powder-solid transformation and temperature dependent physical properties are taken into account. It shows that the heat energy tends to accumulate in the powder material rather than in the as-fabricated part, leading to the formation of the asymmetrical patterns of the temperature contour and the attendant larger dimensions of the molten pool in the powder phase. As a higher volumetric energy density is applied (≥1300 J/mm{sup 3}), a severe evaporation is produced with the upward direction of velocity vector in the irradiated powder region while a restricted operating temperature is obtained in the as-fabricated part. The velocity vector continuously changes from upward direction to the downward one as the scan speed increases from 100 mm/s to 300 mm/s, promoting the generation of the debris of the oxidation films and the resultant homogeneous distribution state in the matrix. For the applied hatch spacing of 50 μm, a restricted remelting phenomenon of the as-fabricated part is produced with the upward direction of the convection flow, significantly reducing the turbulencemore » of the thermal-capillary convection on the breaking of the oxidation films, and therefore, the connected oxidation films through the neighboring layers are typically formed. The morphology and distribution of the oxidation are experimentally acquired, which are in a good agreement with the results predicted by simulation.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. College of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Yudao Street 29, Nanjing 210016 (China)
  2. (3D Printing), Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Yudao Street 29, Nanjing 210016 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22598830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM; CAPILLARIES; CONVECTION; DISTRIBUTION; ENERGY DENSITY; EVAPORATION; FILMS; HEAT; INTERFACES; IRRADIATION; LASERS; MELTING; OXIDATION; PARTICLE TRACKS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; POWDERS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; VECTORS; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Gu, Dongdong, E-mail: dongdonggu@nuaa.edu.cn, Dai, Donghua, and Institute of Additive Manufacturing. Role of melt behavior in modifying oxidation distribution using an interface incorporated model in selective laser melting of aluminum-based material. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4961410.
Gu, Dongdong, E-mail: dongdonggu@nuaa.edu.cn, Dai, Donghua, & Institute of Additive Manufacturing. Role of melt behavior in modifying oxidation distribution using an interface incorporated model in selective laser melting of aluminum-based material. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961410.
Gu, Dongdong, E-mail: dongdonggu@nuaa.edu.cn, Dai, Donghua, and Institute of Additive Manufacturing. 2016. "Role of melt behavior in modifying oxidation distribution using an interface incorporated model in selective laser melting of aluminum-based material". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961410.
@article{osti_22598830,
title = {Role of melt behavior in modifying oxidation distribution using an interface incorporated model in selective laser melting of aluminum-based material},
author = {Gu, Dongdong, E-mail: dongdonggu@nuaa.edu.cn and Dai, Donghua and Institute of Additive Manufacturing},
abstractNote = {A transient three dimensional model for describing the molten pool dynamics and the response of oxidation film evolution in the selective laser melting of aluminum-based material is proposed. The physical difference in both sides of the scan track, powder-solid transformation and temperature dependent physical properties are taken into account. It shows that the heat energy tends to accumulate in the powder material rather than in the as-fabricated part, leading to the formation of the asymmetrical patterns of the temperature contour and the attendant larger dimensions of the molten pool in the powder phase. As a higher volumetric energy density is applied (≥1300 J/mm{sup 3}), a severe evaporation is produced with the upward direction of velocity vector in the irradiated powder region while a restricted operating temperature is obtained in the as-fabricated part. The velocity vector continuously changes from upward direction to the downward one as the scan speed increases from 100 mm/s to 300 mm/s, promoting the generation of the debris of the oxidation films and the resultant homogeneous distribution state in the matrix. For the applied hatch spacing of 50 μm, a restricted remelting phenomenon of the as-fabricated part is produced with the upward direction of the convection flow, significantly reducing the turbulence of the thermal-capillary convection on the breaking of the oxidation films, and therefore, the connected oxidation films through the neighboring layers are typically formed. The morphology and distribution of the oxidation are experimentally acquired, which are in a good agreement with the results predicted by simulation.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4961410},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 8,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
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