skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Precursor routes to quaternary intermetallics: Synthesis, crystal structure, and physical properties of clathrate-II Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112}

Abstract

A new quaternary clathrate–II composition, Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112}, was synthesized by kinetically controlled thermal decomposition (KCTD) employing both NaSi and NaAlSi as the precursors and CsCl as a reactive flux. The crystal structure and composition of Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112} were investigated using both Rietveld refinement and elemental analysis, and the temperature dependent transport properties were investigated. Our results indicate that KCTD with multiple precursors is an effective method for the synthesis of multinary inorganic phases that are not easily accessible by traditional solid-state synthesis or crystal growth techniques. - Graphical abstract: Quaternary Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}S{sub 112} clathrate–II was synthesized for the first time by kinetically controlled thermal decomposition (KCTD) employing a NaSi+NaAlSi precursor mixture with CsCl as the reactive flux, and the structural and transport properties were investigated. Our approach demonstrates a new synthetic pathway for the synthesis of multinary inorganic compounds. This work reports the exploration of a new clathrate composition as this class of materials continues to be of interest for thermoelectrics and other energy-related applications.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22584057
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 237; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CESIUM CHLORIDES; CLATHRATES; CRYSTAL GROWTH; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALS; INORGANIC COMPOUNDS; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; MIXTURES; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; PYROLYSIS; SOLIDS; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE

Citation Formats

Wei, Kaya, Dong, Yongkwan, and Nolas, George S., E-mail: gnolas@usf.edu. Precursor routes to quaternary intermetallics: Synthesis, crystal structure, and physical properties of clathrate-II Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112}. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.01.020.
Wei, Kaya, Dong, Yongkwan, & Nolas, George S., E-mail: gnolas@usf.edu. Precursor routes to quaternary intermetallics: Synthesis, crystal structure, and physical properties of clathrate-II Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112}. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.01.020.
Wei, Kaya, Dong, Yongkwan, and Nolas, George S., E-mail: gnolas@usf.edu. Sun . "Precursor routes to quaternary intermetallics: Synthesis, crystal structure, and physical properties of clathrate-II Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112}". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.01.020.
@article{osti_22584057,
title = {Precursor routes to quaternary intermetallics: Synthesis, crystal structure, and physical properties of clathrate-II Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112}},
author = {Wei, Kaya and Dong, Yongkwan and Nolas, George S., E-mail: gnolas@usf.edu},
abstractNote = {A new quaternary clathrate–II composition, Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112}, was synthesized by kinetically controlled thermal decomposition (KCTD) employing both NaSi and NaAlSi as the precursors and CsCl as a reactive flux. The crystal structure and composition of Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}Si{sub 112} were investigated using both Rietveld refinement and elemental analysis, and the temperature dependent transport properties were investigated. Our results indicate that KCTD with multiple precursors is an effective method for the synthesis of multinary inorganic phases that are not easily accessible by traditional solid-state synthesis or crystal growth techniques. - Graphical abstract: Quaternary Cs{sub 8}Na{sub 16}Al{sub 24}S{sub 112} clathrate–II was synthesized for the first time by kinetically controlled thermal decomposition (KCTD) employing a NaSi+NaAlSi precursor mixture with CsCl as the reactive flux, and the structural and transport properties were investigated. Our approach demonstrates a new synthetic pathway for the synthesis of multinary inorganic compounds. This work reports the exploration of a new clathrate composition as this class of materials continues to be of interest for thermoelectrics and other energy-related applications.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.01.020},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 237,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Sun May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}