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Title: GIANT MOLECULAR CLOUDS IN THE EARLY-TYPE GALAXY NGC 4526

Abstract

We present a high spatial resolution (≈20 pc) of {sup 12}CO(2 −1) observations of the lenticular galaxy NGC 4526. We identify 103 resolved giant molecular clouds (GMCs) and measure their properties: size R, velocity dispersion σ{sub v}, and luminosity L. This is the first GMC catalog of an early-type galaxy. We find that the GMC population in NGC 4526 is gravitationally bound, with a virial parameter α ∼ 1. The mass distribution, dN/dM ∝ M{sup −2.39±0.03}, is steeper than that for GMCs in the inner Milky Way, but comparable to that found in some late-type galaxies. We find no size–line width correlation for the NGC 4526 clouds, in contradiction to the expectation from Larson’s relation. In general, the GMCs in NGC 4526 are more luminous, denser, and have a higher velocity dispersion than equal-size GMCs in the Milky Way and other galaxies in the Local Group. These may be due to higher interstellar radiation field than in the Milky Way disk and weaker external pressure than in the Galactic center. In addition, a kinematic measurement of cloud rotation shows that the rotation is driven by the galactic shear. For the vast majority of the clouds, the rotational energy is lessmore » than the turbulent and gravitational energy, while the four innermost clouds are unbound and will likely be torn apart by the strong shear at the galactic center. We combine our data with the archival data of other galaxies to show that the surface density Σ of GMCs is not approximately constant, as previously believed, but varies by ∼3 orders of magnitude. We also show that the size and velocity dispersion of the GMC population across galaxies are related to the surface density, as expected from the gravitational and pressure equilibrium, i.e., σ{sub v} R{sup −1/2} ∝ Σ{sup 1/2}.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3]; ;  [4];  [5]
  1. Department of Astronomy and Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
  2. European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching-bei-Muenchen (Germany)
  3. Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 4-181 CCIS, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1 (Canada)
  4. Sub-department of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)
  5. Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts AL1 9AB (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22521994
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 803; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CARBON 12; CARBON MONOXIDE; CATALOGS; CLOUDS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRELATIONS; DENSITY; EQUILIBRIUM; LINE WIDTHS; LUMINOSITY; MASS DISTRIBUTION; MILKY WAY; ROTATION; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; STAR CLUSTERS

Citation Formats

Utomo, Dyas, Blitz, Leo, Davis, Timothy, Rosolowsky, Erik, Bureau, Martin, Cappellari, Michele, and Sarzi, Marc, E-mail: dyas@berkeley.edu. GIANT MOLECULAR CLOUDS IN THE EARLY-TYPE GALAXY NGC 4526. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/803/1/16.
Utomo, Dyas, Blitz, Leo, Davis, Timothy, Rosolowsky, Erik, Bureau, Martin, Cappellari, Michele, & Sarzi, Marc, E-mail: dyas@berkeley.edu. GIANT MOLECULAR CLOUDS IN THE EARLY-TYPE GALAXY NGC 4526. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/803/1/16.
Utomo, Dyas, Blitz, Leo, Davis, Timothy, Rosolowsky, Erik, Bureau, Martin, Cappellari, Michele, and Sarzi, Marc, E-mail: dyas@berkeley.edu. Fri . "GIANT MOLECULAR CLOUDS IN THE EARLY-TYPE GALAXY NGC 4526". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/803/1/16.
@article{osti_22521994,
title = {GIANT MOLECULAR CLOUDS IN THE EARLY-TYPE GALAXY NGC 4526},
author = {Utomo, Dyas and Blitz, Leo and Davis, Timothy and Rosolowsky, Erik and Bureau, Martin and Cappellari, Michele and Sarzi, Marc, E-mail: dyas@berkeley.edu},
abstractNote = {We present a high spatial resolution (≈20 pc) of {sup 12}CO(2 −1) observations of the lenticular galaxy NGC 4526. We identify 103 resolved giant molecular clouds (GMCs) and measure their properties: size R, velocity dispersion σ{sub v}, and luminosity L. This is the first GMC catalog of an early-type galaxy. We find that the GMC population in NGC 4526 is gravitationally bound, with a virial parameter α ∼ 1. The mass distribution, dN/dM ∝ M{sup −2.39±0.03}, is steeper than that for GMCs in the inner Milky Way, but comparable to that found in some late-type galaxies. We find no size–line width correlation for the NGC 4526 clouds, in contradiction to the expectation from Larson’s relation. In general, the GMCs in NGC 4526 are more luminous, denser, and have a higher velocity dispersion than equal-size GMCs in the Milky Way and other galaxies in the Local Group. These may be due to higher interstellar radiation field than in the Milky Way disk and weaker external pressure than in the Galactic center. In addition, a kinematic measurement of cloud rotation shows that the rotation is driven by the galactic shear. For the vast majority of the clouds, the rotational energy is less than the turbulent and gravitational energy, while the four innermost clouds are unbound and will likely be torn apart by the strong shear at the galactic center. We combine our data with the archival data of other galaxies to show that the surface density Σ of GMCs is not approximately constant, as previously believed, but varies by ∼3 orders of magnitude. We also show that the size and velocity dispersion of the GMC population across galaxies are related to the surface density, as expected from the gravitational and pressure equilibrium, i.e., σ{sub v} R{sup −1/2} ∝ Σ{sup 1/2}.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/803/1/16},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 803,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Apr 10 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Fri Apr 10 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}
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