skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: DYNAMICAL HEATING INDUCED BY DWARF PLANETS ON COLD KUIPER BELT–LIKE DEBRIS DISKS

Abstract

With the use of long-term numerical simulations, we study the evolution and orbital behavior of cometary nuclei in cold Kuiper belt–like debris disks under the gravitational influence of dwarf planets (DPs); we carry out these simulations with and without the presence of a Neptune-like giant planet. This exploratory study shows that in the absence of a giant planet, 10 DPs are enough to induce strong radial and vertical heating on the orbits of belt particles. On the other hand, the presence of a giant planet close to the debris disk, acts as a stability agent reducing the radial and vertical heating. With enough DPs, even in the presence of a Neptune-like giant planet some radial heating remains; this heating grows steadily, re-filling resonances otherwise empty of cometary nuclei. Specifically for the solar system, this secular process seems to be able to provide material that, through resonant chaotic diffusion, increase the rate of new comets spiraling into the inner planetary system, but only if more than the ∼10 known DP sized objects exist in the trans-Neptunian region.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 70-264 Ciudad Universitaria, México (Mexico)
  2. Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 877, 22800 Ensenada, México (Mexico)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22518876
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 811; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8205
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CHAOS THEORY; COMETS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIFFUSION; HEATING; NEPTUNE PLANET; ORBITS; SATELLITES; SOLAR SYSTEM; SOLAR SYSTEM EVOLUTION

Citation Formats

Muñoz-Gutiérrez, M. A., Pichardo, B., Peimbert, A., and Reyes-Ruiz, M., E-mail: mmunoz@astro.unam.mx. DYNAMICAL HEATING INDUCED BY DWARF PLANETS ON COLD KUIPER BELT–LIKE DEBRIS DISKS. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/811/2/L21.
Muñoz-Gutiérrez, M. A., Pichardo, B., Peimbert, A., & Reyes-Ruiz, M., E-mail: mmunoz@astro.unam.mx. DYNAMICAL HEATING INDUCED BY DWARF PLANETS ON COLD KUIPER BELT–LIKE DEBRIS DISKS. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/811/2/L21.
Muñoz-Gutiérrez, M. A., Pichardo, B., Peimbert, A., and Reyes-Ruiz, M., E-mail: mmunoz@astro.unam.mx. Thu . "DYNAMICAL HEATING INDUCED BY DWARF PLANETS ON COLD KUIPER BELT–LIKE DEBRIS DISKS". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/811/2/L21.
@article{osti_22518876,
title = {DYNAMICAL HEATING INDUCED BY DWARF PLANETS ON COLD KUIPER BELT–LIKE DEBRIS DISKS},
author = {Muñoz-Gutiérrez, M. A. and Pichardo, B. and Peimbert, A. and Reyes-Ruiz, M., E-mail: mmunoz@astro.unam.mx},
abstractNote = {With the use of long-term numerical simulations, we study the evolution and orbital behavior of cometary nuclei in cold Kuiper belt–like debris disks under the gravitational influence of dwarf planets (DPs); we carry out these simulations with and without the presence of a Neptune-like giant planet. This exploratory study shows that in the absence of a giant planet, 10 DPs are enough to induce strong radial and vertical heating on the orbits of belt particles. On the other hand, the presence of a giant planet close to the debris disk, acts as a stability agent reducing the radial and vertical heating. With enough DPs, even in the presence of a Neptune-like giant planet some radial heating remains; this heating grows steadily, re-filling resonances otherwise empty of cometary nuclei. Specifically for the solar system, this secular process seems to be able to provide material that, through resonant chaotic diffusion, increase the rate of new comets spiraling into the inner planetary system, but only if more than the ∼10 known DP sized objects exist in the trans-Neptunian region.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/811/2/L21},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
issn = {2041-8205},
number = 2,
volume = 811,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}