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Title: TPK Sarimukti, Cipatat, West Bandung compost toxicity test using Allium test

Abstract

TPK Sarimukti, Cipatat, West Bandung produced 2 kinds of compost from traditional market waste, liquid and solid compost. The aim of this research is to evaluate toxicity of compost produced in TPK Sarimukti using shallots (Allium cepa). Tests carried out by treated shallots with liquid compost (2,5%, 5%, 10% and 12,5% (w/v)) or solid compost (25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (w/v)) for 48 hours. Results showed reduced root growth rate and mitotic index (MI) in accordance with increased concentrations of compost. Sub lethal concentrations are liquid compost 5% and 10% and solid compost 75%. Lethal concentrations are liquid compost 12,5 % and solid compost 100%. Micronuclei (MN) increased with increase in liquid compost concentration. MN found at very high frequencies in highest solid compost concentration (100%), but very low at lower concentrations. Cells with binuclei and cell necrosis increased with increasing concentrations of given compost. Nuclear anomalies (NA) found in high frequency in 75% and 100% solid compost. Based on research, we can conclude that liquid compost is more toxic because it can reduce MI and root growth rate at lower concentrations than solid compost. Both types of compost have genotoxic properties because it can induce chromosome aberration (CA), MN,more » binuclei and NA formation.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Biology Study Program, School of Life Science and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488951
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1677; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 5. international conference on mathematics and natural sciences, Bandung (Indonesia), 2-3 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ABUNDANCE; ALLIUM CEPA; CHROMOSOMAL ABERRATIONS; COMPOST; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; LIQUIDS; MHZ RANGE; MITOTIC INDEX; NECROSIS; ROOTS; SOLIDS; TOXICITY

Citation Formats

Wardini, Trimurti Hesti, and Notodarmojo, Peni Astrini. TPK Sarimukti, Cipatat, West Bandung compost toxicity test using Allium test. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4930777.
Wardini, Trimurti Hesti, & Notodarmojo, Peni Astrini. TPK Sarimukti, Cipatat, West Bandung compost toxicity test using Allium test. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4930777.
Wardini, Trimurti Hesti, and Notodarmojo, Peni Astrini. Wed . "TPK Sarimukti, Cipatat, West Bandung compost toxicity test using Allium test". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4930777.
@article{osti_22488951,
title = {TPK Sarimukti, Cipatat, West Bandung compost toxicity test using Allium test},
author = {Wardini, Trimurti Hesti and Notodarmojo, Peni Astrini},
abstractNote = {TPK Sarimukti, Cipatat, West Bandung produced 2 kinds of compost from traditional market waste, liquid and solid compost. The aim of this research is to evaluate toxicity of compost produced in TPK Sarimukti using shallots (Allium cepa). Tests carried out by treated shallots with liquid compost (2,5%, 5%, 10% and 12,5% (w/v)) or solid compost (25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (w/v)) for 48 hours. Results showed reduced root growth rate and mitotic index (MI) in accordance with increased concentrations of compost. Sub lethal concentrations are liquid compost 5% and 10% and solid compost 75%. Lethal concentrations are liquid compost 12,5 % and solid compost 100%. Micronuclei (MN) increased with increase in liquid compost concentration. MN found at very high frequencies in highest solid compost concentration (100%), but very low at lower concentrations. Cells with binuclei and cell necrosis increased with increasing concentrations of given compost. Nuclear anomalies (NA) found in high frequency in 75% and 100% solid compost. Based on research, we can conclude that liquid compost is more toxic because it can reduce MI and root growth rate at lower concentrations than solid compost. Both types of compost have genotoxic properties because it can induce chromosome aberration (CA), MN, binuclei and NA formation.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4930777},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
issn = {0094-243X},
number = 1,
volume = 1677,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}