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Title: (Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B and Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5}, the first examples of copper platinum borides. Observation of superconductivity in a novel boron filled β-Mn-type compound

Abstract

New ternary copper platinum borides have been synthesized by arc melting of pure elements followed by annealing at 600 °C. The structures have been studied by X-ray single crystal and powder diffraction. (Pt{sub 1−x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B (x=0.33) forms a B-filled β-Mn-type structure (space group P4{sub 1}32; a=0.6671(1) nm). Cu atoms are distributed preferentially on the 8c atom sites, whereas the 12d site is randomly occupied by Pt and Cu atoms (0.670(4) Pt±0.330(4) Cu). Boron is located in octahedral voids of the parent β-Mn-type structure. Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} (space group P-62m; a=0.9048(3) nm, c=0.2908(1) nm) adopts the Pt{sub 9}Zn{sub 3}B{sub 5–δ}-type structure. It has a columnar architecture along the short translation vector exhibiting three kinds of [Pt{sub 6}] trigonal prism columns (boron filled, boron semi-filled and empty) and Pt channels with a pentagonal cross section filled with Cu atoms. The striking structural feature is a [Pt{sub 6}] cluster in form of an empty trigonal prism at the origin of the unit cell, which is surrounded by coupled [BPt{sub 6}] and [Pt{sub 6}] trigonal prisms, rotated perpendicularly to the central one. There is no B–B contact as well as Cu–B contact in the structure. The relationships of Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{submore » 5} structure with the structure of Ti{sub 1+x}Os{sub 2−x}RuB{sub 2} as well as with the structure families of metal sulfides and aluminides have been elucidated. (Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B (x=0.3) (B-filled β-Mn-type structure) is a bulk superconductor with a transition temperature of about 2.06 K and an upper critical field μ{sub 0}H{sub C2}(0){sup WHH} of 1.2 T, whereas no superconducting transition has been observed up to 0.3 K in Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} (Pt{sub 9}Zn{sub 3}B{sub 5–δ}-type structure) from electrical resistivity measurements. - Highlights: • First two copper platinum borides, (Pt{sub 0.67}Cu{sub 0.33}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B and Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} were obtained. • (Pt{sub 0.67}Cu{sub 0.33}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B forms a B-filled β-Mn-type structure. • Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} adopts a Pt{sub 9}Zn{sub 3}B{sub 5–δ}-type structure. • Boron atoms exhibit octahedral and trigonal prismatic coordination. • (Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x})3Cu{sub 2}B (x=0.3) is a bulk superconductor with T{sub c} 2.06 K.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]; ;  [1];  [3]
  1. Institute of Solid State Physics, TU Wien, A-1040 Wien (Austria)
  2. Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, TU Wien, A-1040 Wien (Austria)
  3. Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Vienna, A-1090 Wien (Austria)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486778
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 229; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANNEALING; BORON; COPPER; COPPER BORIDES; CRITICAL FIELD; CUBIC LATTICES; MELTING; PLATINUM; PLATINUM COMPOUNDS; SULFIDES; SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; SUPERCONDUCTORS; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Salamakha, Leonid P., Sologub, Oksana, Stöger, Berthold, Michor, Herwig, Bauer, Ernst, and Rogl, Peter F. (Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B and Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5}, the first examples of copper platinum borides. Observation of superconductivity in a novel boron filled β-Mn-type compound. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.06.004.
Salamakha, Leonid P., Sologub, Oksana, Stöger, Berthold, Michor, Herwig, Bauer, Ernst, & Rogl, Peter F. (Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B and Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5}, the first examples of copper platinum borides. Observation of superconductivity in a novel boron filled β-Mn-type compound. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.06.004.
Salamakha, Leonid P., Sologub, Oksana, Stöger, Berthold, Michor, Herwig, Bauer, Ernst, and Rogl, Peter F. Tue . "(Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B and Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5}, the first examples of copper platinum borides. Observation of superconductivity in a novel boron filled β-Mn-type compound". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.06.004.
@article{osti_22486778,
title = {(Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B and Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5}, the first examples of copper platinum borides. Observation of superconductivity in a novel boron filled β-Mn-type compound},
author = {Salamakha, Leonid P. and Sologub, Oksana and Stöger, Berthold and Michor, Herwig and Bauer, Ernst and Rogl, Peter F.},
abstractNote = {New ternary copper platinum borides have been synthesized by arc melting of pure elements followed by annealing at 600 °C. The structures have been studied by X-ray single crystal and powder diffraction. (Pt{sub 1−x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B (x=0.33) forms a B-filled β-Mn-type structure (space group P4{sub 1}32; a=0.6671(1) nm). Cu atoms are distributed preferentially on the 8c atom sites, whereas the 12d site is randomly occupied by Pt and Cu atoms (0.670(4) Pt±0.330(4) Cu). Boron is located in octahedral voids of the parent β-Mn-type structure. Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} (space group P-62m; a=0.9048(3) nm, c=0.2908(1) nm) adopts the Pt{sub 9}Zn{sub 3}B{sub 5–δ}-type structure. It has a columnar architecture along the short translation vector exhibiting three kinds of [Pt{sub 6}] trigonal prism columns (boron filled, boron semi-filled and empty) and Pt channels with a pentagonal cross section filled with Cu atoms. The striking structural feature is a [Pt{sub 6}] cluster in form of an empty trigonal prism at the origin of the unit cell, which is surrounded by coupled [BPt{sub 6}] and [Pt{sub 6}] trigonal prisms, rotated perpendicularly to the central one. There is no B–B contact as well as Cu–B contact in the structure. The relationships of Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} structure with the structure of Ti{sub 1+x}Os{sub 2−x}RuB{sub 2} as well as with the structure families of metal sulfides and aluminides have been elucidated. (Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B (x=0.3) (B-filled β-Mn-type structure) is a bulk superconductor with a transition temperature of about 2.06 K and an upper critical field μ{sub 0}H{sub C2}(0){sup WHH} of 1.2 T, whereas no superconducting transition has been observed up to 0.3 K in Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} (Pt{sub 9}Zn{sub 3}B{sub 5–δ}-type structure) from electrical resistivity measurements. - Highlights: • First two copper platinum borides, (Pt{sub 0.67}Cu{sub 0.33}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B and Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} were obtained. • (Pt{sub 0.67}Cu{sub 0.33}){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}B forms a B-filled β-Mn-type structure. • Pt{sub 9}Cu{sub 3}B{sub 5} adopts a Pt{sub 9}Zn{sub 3}B{sub 5–δ}-type structure. • Boron atoms exhibit octahedral and trigonal prismatic coordination. • (Pt{sub 1–x}Cu{sub x})3Cu{sub 2}B (x=0.3) is a bulk superconductor with T{sub c} 2.06 K.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.06.004},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
issn = {0022-4596},
number = ,
volume = 229,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}