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Title: Core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses: Preparation and their effects on photoluminescence of lanthanide complexes

Abstract

Highlights: • Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses were prepared via the Stöber process. • Sm and Dy complexes with benzoate, 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2′-bipyridine were synthesized. • The complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} composites show stronger luminescent intensities than pure complexes. • The luminescent intensities of the composites strongly depend on the SiO{sub 2} shell thickness. - Abstract: Three kinds of almost spherical core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses (10, 25 and 80 nm) were prepared via the Stöber process. The Ag core nanoparticles were prepared by reducing silver nitrate with sodium citrate. The size, morphology and structure of core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy. Subsequently, eight kinds of lanthanide complexes with benzoate, 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2′-bipyridine were synthesized. The composition of the lanthanide complexes was characterized by elemental analysis, IR and UV spectra. Finally, lanthanide complexes were attached to the surface of Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles to form lanthanide-complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanocomposites. The results show that the complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanocomposites display much stronger luminescence intensities than the lanthanide complexes. Furthermore, the luminescence intensities of the lanthanide-complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanocomposites with SiO{sub 2} shell thickness of 25 nm are stronger than those of themore » nanocomposites with SiO{sub 2} shell thickness of 10 and 80 nm.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475997
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 71; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; BIPYRIDINES; DOPED MATERIALS; DYSPROSIUM COMPLEXES; FLUORESCENCE; NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; PHENANTHROLINES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SAMARIUM COMPLEXES; SILICON OXIDES; SILVER; SURFACES; THICKNESS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Kang, Jie, Li, Yuan, Chen, Yingnan, Wang, Ailing, Yue, Bin, Qu, Yanrong, Zhao, Yongliang, and Chu, Haibin, E-mail: chuhb@imu.edu.cn. Core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses: Preparation and their effects on photoluminescence of lanthanide complexes. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2015.07.017.
Kang, Jie, Li, Yuan, Chen, Yingnan, Wang, Ailing, Yue, Bin, Qu, Yanrong, Zhao, Yongliang, & Chu, Haibin, E-mail: chuhb@imu.edu.cn. Core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses: Preparation and their effects on photoluminescence of lanthanide complexes. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2015.07.017.
Kang, Jie, Li, Yuan, Chen, Yingnan, Wang, Ailing, Yue, Bin, Qu, Yanrong, Zhao, Yongliang, and Chu, Haibin, E-mail: chuhb@imu.edu.cn. Sun . "Core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses: Preparation and their effects on photoluminescence of lanthanide complexes". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2015.07.017.
@article{osti_22475997,
title = {Core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses: Preparation and their effects on photoluminescence of lanthanide complexes},
author = {Kang, Jie and Li, Yuan and Chen, Yingnan and Wang, Ailing and Yue, Bin and Qu, Yanrong and Zhao, Yongliang and Chu, Haibin, E-mail: chuhb@imu.edu.cn},
abstractNote = {Highlights: • Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses were prepared via the Stöber process. • Sm and Dy complexes with benzoate, 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2′-bipyridine were synthesized. • The complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} composites show stronger luminescent intensities than pure complexes. • The luminescent intensities of the composites strongly depend on the SiO{sub 2} shell thickness. - Abstract: Three kinds of almost spherical core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles of different silica shell thicknesses (10, 25 and 80 nm) were prepared via the Stöber process. The Ag core nanoparticles were prepared by reducing silver nitrate with sodium citrate. The size, morphology and structure of core–shell Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy. Subsequently, eight kinds of lanthanide complexes with benzoate, 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2′-bipyridine were synthesized. The composition of the lanthanide complexes was characterized by elemental analysis, IR and UV spectra. Finally, lanthanide complexes were attached to the surface of Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles to form lanthanide-complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanocomposites. The results show that the complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanocomposites display much stronger luminescence intensities than the lanthanide complexes. Furthermore, the luminescence intensities of the lanthanide-complex-doped Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanocomposites with SiO{sub 2} shell thickness of 25 nm are stronger than those of the nanocomposites with SiO{sub 2} shell thickness of 10 and 80 nm.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2015.07.017},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = ,
volume = 71,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Nov 15 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Nov 15 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}
  • Highlights: ► Enhancement effects of CdS/ZnS, Cd{sub 0.3}Pb{sub 0.7}S and ZnS QDs linked to Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were studied. ► There existed an optimal thickness of SiO{sub 2} shell on the enhancement. ► The enhancement factor was in the range of 2.5–3 for CdS/ZnS and Cd{sub 0.3}Pb{sub 0.7}S QDs. ► The PL intensity of ZnS QD was totally quenched due to absorption by silver particles. - Abstract: The enhancement of photoluminescence of several quantum dots, namely CdS/ZnS, Cd{sub 0.3}Pb{sub 0.7}S and pure ZnS, by Ag@SiO{sub 2} core–shell nanoparticles is studied and reported in this work. 3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) was used tomore » link QDs to the core–shell nanoparticles. For CdS/ZnS, the Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles showed a maximum enhancement of about 2.5 due to surface plasmon resonance of silver particles when the shell thickness was 16 nm. When the shell thickness increased to 30 nm, the enhancement effect became negligible. Conversely, when the thickness decreased to 6 nm, the effect was also smaller due to possible capture of excited electrons by silver particles. For Cd{sub 0.3}Pb{sub 0.7}S, a similar enhancement effect was observed. However when pure ZnS was the QD, the photoluminescence went zero after the QD was linked to Ag@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles. This was caused by the fact that for ZnS QDs, the emission wavelength was 415 nm, which also corresponds to the absorbance peak of silver particles.« less
  • The spindle α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} core–shell nanoparticles (NPs) are prepared via hydrothermal synthesis and modified Stöber method. During these processes, shell thicknesses could be easily adjusted by the amount of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), and the formation of core-free SiO{sub 2} could be effectively avoided. The structures and compositions of α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs are investigated by transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) absorption spectroscopy. These results reveal that the α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs with certain sizes are monodisperse and homogeneous. To estimate the thermal stability, the α-Fe{sub 2}O{submore » 3}, α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2} NPs are annealed at 600, 800 and 1000 °C for 1 h under air atmosphere, respectively. Furthermore, the stabilities of these NPs are confirmed by thermal analysis methods. The structure and shape stabilities of these as-prepared α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs are investigated by XRD and scanning electron microscope (SEM). -- Graphical abstract: Schematic of preparation of the monodisperse spindle α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles (NPs). Highlights: • The spindle α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles (NPs) are successfully prepared by hydrothermal synthesis and modified Stöber method. • Optical properties are estimated and calculated by UV vis absorption spectrum. • Thermal stability of the α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2} NPs are compared and analyzed by the SEM technique. • The structural changes of α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs are measured by XRD measurement.« less
  • We have investigated the role of spontaneously formed interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism of FeCo/SiO2 and Fe49%Co49%V2%/SiO2 core/shell nanoparticles. Element specific x-ray absorption and photoelectron spectroscopy experiments have identified the characteristic spectral features of metallic iron and cobalt from within the nanoparticle core. In addition, metal silicates of iron, cobalt, and vanadium were found to have formed spontaneously at the interface between the nanoparticle core and silica shell. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments indicated that the elemental magnetism was a result of metallic iron and cobalt with small components from the iron, cobalt, and vanadium silicates. Magnetometry experiments havemore » shown that there was no exchange bias loop shift in the FeCo nanoparticles; however, exchange bias from antiferromagnetic vanadium oxide was measured in the V-doped nanoparticles. These results showed clearly that the interfacial metal silicates played a significant role in the magnetism of these core/shell nanoparticles, and that the vanadium percolated from the FeCo-cores into the SiO2-based interfacial shell.« less
  • This paper reports surface nanostructuring of borosilicate glass covered with a water layer and the production of ∼150 nm diameter pits using SiO{sub 2}/Au core/shell microparticles under excitation with 50 fs pulses (λ = 780 nm) using the optical scheme of an inverted microscope with a 100{sup ×}, NA = 1.4 objective. We compare the thresholds for hole formation in glass with the use of SiO{sub 2}/Au and uncoated SiO{sub 2} microparticles. The threshold is 0.7 J cm{sup -2} for SiO{sub 2}/Au and 2.9 J cm{sup -2} for SiO{sub 2} microparticles, which coincides with the threshold for nanostructuring by amore » focused femtosecond pulse without microparticles: 3 J cm{sup -2}. Femtosecond pump – probe spectroscopy has been used to study the relaxation dynamics of laser pulse energy absorbed in a Au nanoparticle and the dynamics of energy dissipation to the ambient medium. The threshold for cavitation bubble formation in water with SiO{sub 2}/Au has been determined to be 0.06 mJ cm{sup -2}, which is a factor of 30 lower than the bubble formation threshold in the case of uncoated SiO{sub 2} microparticles. (nanostructures)« less
  • We have investigated the role of spontaneously formed interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism of FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles. Element specific x-ray absorption and photoelectron spectroscopy experiments have identified the characteristic spectral features of metallic iron and cobalt from within the nanoparticle core. In addition, metal silicates of iron, cobalt, and vanadium were found to have formed spontaneously at the interface between the nanoparticle core and silica shell. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments indicated that the elemental magnetism was a result of metallic iron and cobalt with small components from the iron, cobalt, andmore » vanadium silicates. Magnetometry experiments have shown that there was no exchange bias loop shift in the FeCo nanoparticles; however, exchange bias from antiferromagnetic vanadium oxide was measured in the V-doped nanoparticles. These results showed clearly that the interfacial metal silicates played a significant role in the magnetism of these core/shell nanoparticles, and that the vanadium percolated from the FeCo-cores into the SiO{sub 2}-based interfacial shell.« less