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Title: A naringenin–tamoxifen combination impairs cell proliferation and survival of MCF-7 breast cancer cells

Abstract

Since over 60% of breast cancers are estrogen receptor positive (ER+), many therapies have targeted the ER. The ER is activated by both estrogen binding and phosphorylation. While anti-estrogen therapies, such as tamoxifen (Tam) have been successful they do not target the growth factor promoting phosphorylation of the ER. Other proliferation pathways such as the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase, (PI3K) and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are activated in breast cancer cells and are associated with poor prognosis. Thus targeting multiple cellular proliferation and survival pathways at the onset of treatment is critical for the development of more effective therapies. The grapefruit flavanone naringenin (Nar) is an inhibitor of both the PI3K and MAPK pathways. Previous studies examining either Nar or Tam used charcoal-stripped serum which removed estrogen as well as other factors. We wanted to use serum containing medium in order to retain all the potential inducers of cell proliferation so as not to exclude any targets of Nar. Here we show that a Nar–Tam combination is more effective than either Tam alone or Nar alone in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. We demonstrate that a Nar–Tam combination impaired cellular proliferation and viability to a greater extent than either component alonemore » in MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, the use of a Nar–Tam combination requires lower concentrations of both compounds to achieve the same effects on proliferation and viability. Nar may function by inhibiting both PI3K and MAPK pathways as well as localizing ERα to the cytoplasm in MCF-7 cells. Our results demonstrate that a Nar–Tam combination induces apoptosis and impairs proliferation signaling to a greater extent than either compound alone. These studies provide critical information for understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. - Highlights: • Nar–Tam impairs cell viability more effectively than either compound alone. • Lower concentrations of Nar and Tam are required when used in combination. • Nar localizes ERα to a perinuclear region of the cell. • Nar reduces protein levels of ERK1/2 and AKT.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22416939
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Experimental Cell Research; Journal Volume: 327; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; APOPTOSIS; CELL PROLIFERATION; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CYTOPLASM; ESTROGENS; GROWTH FACTORS; MAMMARY GLANDS; NEOPLASMS; PHOSPHORYLATION; RECEPTORS; SIGNALS; TAMOXIFEN; THERAPY

Citation Formats

Hatkevich, Talia, Ramos, Joseph, Santos-Sanchez, Idalys, and Patel, Yashomati M., E-mail: ympatel@uncg.edu. A naringenin–tamoxifen combination impairs cell proliferation and survival of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1016/J.YEXCR.2014.05.017.
Hatkevich, Talia, Ramos, Joseph, Santos-Sanchez, Idalys, & Patel, Yashomati M., E-mail: ympatel@uncg.edu. A naringenin–tamoxifen combination impairs cell proliferation and survival of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. United States. doi:10.1016/J.YEXCR.2014.05.017.
Hatkevich, Talia, Ramos, Joseph, Santos-Sanchez, Idalys, and Patel, Yashomati M., E-mail: ympatel@uncg.edu. 2014. "A naringenin–tamoxifen combination impairs cell proliferation and survival of MCF-7 breast cancer cells". United States. doi:10.1016/J.YEXCR.2014.05.017.
@article{osti_22416939,
title = {A naringenin–tamoxifen combination impairs cell proliferation and survival of MCF-7 breast cancer cells},
author = {Hatkevich, Talia and Ramos, Joseph and Santos-Sanchez, Idalys and Patel, Yashomati M., E-mail: ympatel@uncg.edu},
abstractNote = {Since over 60% of breast cancers are estrogen receptor positive (ER+), many therapies have targeted the ER. The ER is activated by both estrogen binding and phosphorylation. While anti-estrogen therapies, such as tamoxifen (Tam) have been successful they do not target the growth factor promoting phosphorylation of the ER. Other proliferation pathways such as the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase, (PI3K) and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are activated in breast cancer cells and are associated with poor prognosis. Thus targeting multiple cellular proliferation and survival pathways at the onset of treatment is critical for the development of more effective therapies. The grapefruit flavanone naringenin (Nar) is an inhibitor of both the PI3K and MAPK pathways. Previous studies examining either Nar or Tam used charcoal-stripped serum which removed estrogen as well as other factors. We wanted to use serum containing medium in order to retain all the potential inducers of cell proliferation so as not to exclude any targets of Nar. Here we show that a Nar–Tam combination is more effective than either Tam alone or Nar alone in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. We demonstrate that a Nar–Tam combination impaired cellular proliferation and viability to a greater extent than either component alone in MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, the use of a Nar–Tam combination requires lower concentrations of both compounds to achieve the same effects on proliferation and viability. Nar may function by inhibiting both PI3K and MAPK pathways as well as localizing ERα to the cytoplasm in MCF-7 cells. Our results demonstrate that a Nar–Tam combination induces apoptosis and impairs proliferation signaling to a greater extent than either compound alone. These studies provide critical information for understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. - Highlights: • Nar–Tam impairs cell viability more effectively than either compound alone. • Lower concentrations of Nar and Tam are required when used in combination. • Nar localizes ERα to a perinuclear region of the cell. • Nar reduces protein levels of ERK1/2 and AKT.},
doi = {10.1016/J.YEXCR.2014.05.017},
journal = {Experimental Cell Research},
number = 2,
volume = 327,
place = {United States},
year = 2014,
month =
}
  • Highlights: •Ell3 enhances proliferation and drug resistance of breast cancer cell lines. •Ell3 is related to the cancer stem cell characteristics of breast cancer cell lines. •Ell3 enhances oncogenicity of breast cancer through the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. -- Abstract: Ell3 is a RNA polymerase II transcription elongation factor that is enriched in testis. The C-terminal domain of Ell3 shows strong similarities to that of Ell (eleven−nineteen lysine-rich leukemia gene), which acts as a negative regulator of p53 and regulates cell proliferation and survival. Recent studies in our laboratory showed that Ell3 induces the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells bymore » protecting differentiating cells from apoptosis via the promotion of p53 degradation. In this study, we evaluated the function of Ell3 in breast cancer cell lines. MCF-7 cell lines overexpressing Ell3 were used to examine cell proliferation and cancer stem cell properties. Ectopic expression of Ell3 in breast cancer cell lines induces proliferation and 5-FU resistance. In addition, Ell3 expression increases the cancer stem cell population, which is characterized by CD44 (+) or ALDH1 (+) cells. Mammosphere-forming potential and migration ability were also increased upon Ell3 expression in breast cancer cell lines. Through biochemical and molecular biological analyses, we showed that Ell3 regulates proliferation, cancer stem cell properties and drug resistance in breast cancer cell lines partly through the MEK−extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling pathway. Murine xenograft experiments showed that Ell3 expression promotes tumorigenesis in vivo. These results suggest that Ell3 may play a critical role in promoting oncogenesis in breast cancer by regulating cell proliferation and cancer stem cell properties via the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.« less
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