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Title: Air-stable solution-processed n-channel organic thin film transistors with polymer-enhanced morphology

Abstract

N,N′-1H,1H-perfluorobutyl dicyanoperylenecarboxydiimide (PDIF-CN{sub 2}) is an n-type semiconductor exhibiting high electron mobility and excellent air stability. However, the reported electron mobility based on spin-coated PDIF-CN{sub 2} film is much lower than the value of PDIF-CN{sub 2} single crystals made from vapor phase deposition, indicating significant room for mobility enhancement. In this study, various insulating polymers, including poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and poly(alpha-methylstyrene) (PαMS), are pre-coated on silicon substrate aiming to enhance the morphology of the PDIF-CN{sub 2} thin film, thereby improving the charge transport and air stability. Atomic force microscopy images reveal that with the pre-deposition of PαMS or PMMA polymers, the morphology of the PDIF-CN{sub 2} polycrystalline films is optimized in semiconducting crystal connectivity, domain size, and surface roughness, which leads to significant improvement of organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) performance. Particularly, an electron mobility of up to 0.55 cm{sup 2}/V s has been achieved from OTFTs based on the PDIF-CN{sub 2} film with the pre-deposition of PαMS polymer.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Center for Materials for Information Technology, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States)
  2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22399019
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; CHARGE TRANSPORT; CYANIDES; DEPOSITION; ELECTRON MOBILITY; METHACRYLIC ACID ESTERS; MONOCRYSTALS; MORPHOLOGY; PMMA; POLYCRYSTALS; PVA; ROUGHNESS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SILICON; SPIN; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; THIN FILMS; TRANSISTORS

Citation Formats

He, Zhengran, Shaik, Shoieb, Bi, Sheng, Li, Dawen, E-mail: dawenl@eng.ua.edu, and Chen, Jihua. Air-stable solution-processed n-channel organic thin film transistors with polymer-enhanced morphology. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4919677.
He, Zhengran, Shaik, Shoieb, Bi, Sheng, Li, Dawen, E-mail: dawenl@eng.ua.edu, & Chen, Jihua. Air-stable solution-processed n-channel organic thin film transistors with polymer-enhanced morphology. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919677.
He, Zhengran, Shaik, Shoieb, Bi, Sheng, Li, Dawen, E-mail: dawenl@eng.ua.edu, and Chen, Jihua. Mon . "Air-stable solution-processed n-channel organic thin film transistors with polymer-enhanced morphology". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919677.
@article{osti_22399019,
title = {Air-stable solution-processed n-channel organic thin film transistors with polymer-enhanced morphology},
author = {He, Zhengran and Shaik, Shoieb and Bi, Sheng and Li, Dawen, E-mail: dawenl@eng.ua.edu and Chen, Jihua},
abstractNote = {N,N′-1H,1H-perfluorobutyl dicyanoperylenecarboxydiimide (PDIF-CN{sub 2}) is an n-type semiconductor exhibiting high electron mobility and excellent air stability. However, the reported electron mobility based on spin-coated PDIF-CN{sub 2} film is much lower than the value of PDIF-CN{sub 2} single crystals made from vapor phase deposition, indicating significant room for mobility enhancement. In this study, various insulating polymers, including poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and poly(alpha-methylstyrene) (PαMS), are pre-coated on silicon substrate aiming to enhance the morphology of the PDIF-CN{sub 2} thin film, thereby improving the charge transport and air stability. Atomic force microscopy images reveal that with the pre-deposition of PαMS or PMMA polymers, the morphology of the PDIF-CN{sub 2} polycrystalline films is optimized in semiconducting crystal connectivity, domain size, and surface roughness, which leads to significant improvement of organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) performance. Particularly, an electron mobility of up to 0.55 cm{sup 2}/V s has been achieved from OTFTs based on the PDIF-CN{sub 2} film with the pre-deposition of PαMS polymer.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4919677},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 18,
volume = 106,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}