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Title: Pyrolytic oil of banana (Musa spp.) pseudo-stem via fast process

Abstract

This study was an attempt to produce bio-oil from banana pseudo-stem, a waste of banana cultivation, using fast pyrolysis technology. The compositions were determined and the thermal degradation behaviour of the raw material was analyzed using Perkin-Elmer Simultaneous Thermal Analyzer (STA) 6000. A 300 g/h fluidized bed bench scale fast pyrolysis unit, assembled with double screw feeders and cyclones, operating at atmospheric pressure, was used to obtain the pyrolysis liquid. The study involves the impact of the following key variables; the reactor temperature in the range of 450–650 °C, and the residence time in the range of 1.00–3.00 s. The particle size was set at 224-400 µm. The properties of the liquid product were analyzed for calorific heating value, pH value, conductivity, water and char content. The basic functional groups of the compositions were also determined using FTIR. The properties of the liquid product were compared with other wood derived bio-oil. The pyrolysis liquids derived from banana pseudo-stem were found to be in an aqueous phase.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)
  2. Science and Engineering Research Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391520
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1657; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: PERFIK 2014: National Physics Conference 2014, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 18-19 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BANANAS; CHARS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FLUIDIZED BEDS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; HEATING; INFRARED SPECTRA; LIQUIDS; PARTICLE SIZE; PH VALUE; PYROLYSIS; PYROLYTIC OILS; RAW MATERIALS; THERMAL ANALYSIS; THERMAL DEGRADATION; WATER

Citation Formats

Abdullah, Nurhayati, Sulaiman, Fauziah, Taib, Rahmad Mohd, and Miskam, Muhamad Azman. Pyrolytic oil of banana (Musa spp.) pseudo-stem via fast process. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4915168.
Abdullah, Nurhayati, Sulaiman, Fauziah, Taib, Rahmad Mohd, & Miskam, Muhamad Azman. Pyrolytic oil of banana (Musa spp.) pseudo-stem via fast process. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915168.
Abdullah, Nurhayati, Sulaiman, Fauziah, Taib, Rahmad Mohd, and Miskam, Muhamad Azman. Fri . "Pyrolytic oil of banana (Musa spp.) pseudo-stem via fast process". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915168.
@article{osti_22391520,
title = {Pyrolytic oil of banana (Musa spp.) pseudo-stem via fast process},
author = {Abdullah, Nurhayati and Sulaiman, Fauziah and Taib, Rahmad Mohd and Miskam, Muhamad Azman},
abstractNote = {This study was an attempt to produce bio-oil from banana pseudo-stem, a waste of banana cultivation, using fast pyrolysis technology. The compositions were determined and the thermal degradation behaviour of the raw material was analyzed using Perkin-Elmer Simultaneous Thermal Analyzer (STA) 6000. A 300 g/h fluidized bed bench scale fast pyrolysis unit, assembled with double screw feeders and cyclones, operating at atmospheric pressure, was used to obtain the pyrolysis liquid. The study involves the impact of the following key variables; the reactor temperature in the range of 450–650 °C, and the residence time in the range of 1.00–3.00 s. The particle size was set at 224-400 µm. The properties of the liquid product were analyzed for calorific heating value, pH value, conductivity, water and char content. The basic functional groups of the compositions were also determined using FTIR. The properties of the liquid product were compared with other wood derived bio-oil. The pyrolysis liquids derived from banana pseudo-stem were found to be in an aqueous phase.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4915168},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
issn = {0094-243X},
number = 1,
volume = 1657,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {4}
}