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Title: η Carinae Baby Homunculus uncovered by ALMA

Abstract

We report observations of η Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42α, He42α, H40α, He40α, H50β, H28α, He28α, H21α, and He21α were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of η Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shellmore » coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by η Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the 'Baby Homunculus'.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, R. do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, CEP 05508-900 São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
  2. Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades, Universidade de São Paulo, R. Arlindo Bettio 1000, 03828-000 São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365325
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 791; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BREMSSTRAHLUNG; DENSITY; DETECTION; LTE; MASERS; MASS TRANSFER; PHOTONS; RECOMBINATION; RESOLUTION; SPECTRA; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Abraham, Zulema, Beaklini, Pedro P. B., and Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego, E-mail: zulema.abraham@iag.usp.br. η Carinae Baby Homunculus uncovered by ALMA. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/95.
Abraham, Zulema, Beaklini, Pedro P. B., & Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego, E-mail: zulema.abraham@iag.usp.br. η Carinae Baby Homunculus uncovered by ALMA. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/95.
Abraham, Zulema, Beaklini, Pedro P. B., and Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego, E-mail: zulema.abraham@iag.usp.br. 2014. "η Carinae Baby Homunculus uncovered by ALMA". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/95.
@article{osti_22365325,
title = {η Carinae Baby Homunculus uncovered by ALMA},
author = {Abraham, Zulema and Beaklini, Pedro P. B. and Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego, E-mail: zulema.abraham@iag.usp.br},
abstractNote = {We report observations of η Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42α, He42α, H40α, He40α, H50β, H28α, He28α, H21α, and He21α were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of η Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shell coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by η Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the 'Baby Homunculus'.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/95},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 791,
place = {United States},
year = 2014,
month = 8
}
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