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Title: Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey

Abstract

We present optical spectroscopy of galaxies in clusters detected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect with the South Pole Telescope (SPT). We report our own measurements of 61 spectroscopic cluster redshifts, and 48 velocity dispersions each calculated with more than 15 member galaxies. This catalog also includes 19 dispersions of SPT-observed clusters previously reported in the literature. The majority of the clusters in this paper are SPT-discovered; of these, most have been previously reported in other SPT cluster catalogs, and five are reported here as SPT discoveries for the first time. By performing a resampling analysis of galaxy velocities, we find that unbiased velocity dispersions can be obtained from a relatively small number of member galaxies (≲ 30), but with increased systematic scatter. We use this analysis to determine statistical confidence intervals that include the effect of membership selection. We fit scaling relations between the observed cluster velocity dispersions and mass estimates from SZ and X-ray observables. In both cases, the results are consistent with the scaling relation between velocity dispersion and mass expected from dark-matter simulations. We measure a ∼30% log-normal scatter in dispersion at fixed mass, and a ∼10% offset in the normalization of the dispersion-mass relation when comparedmore » to the expectation from simulations, which is within the expected level of systematic uncertainty.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]; ; ;  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]; ; ; ; ; ;  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11] more »; « less
  1. Department of Physics, Harvard University, 17 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 München (Germany)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, 5110 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)
  4. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  5. University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
  6. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)
  7. Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
  8. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
  9. Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)
  10. NIST Quantum Devices Group, 325 Broadway Mailcode 817.03, Boulder, CO 80305 (United States)
  11. Instituto de Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica (Chile)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365208
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CATALOGS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DISPERSIONS; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; SIMULATION; SPECTROSCOPY; TELESCOPES; VELOCITY; VISIBLE RADIATION; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Ruel, J., Bayliss, M., Bazin, G., Bocquet, S., Brodwin, M., Foley, R. J., Stalder, B., Ashby, M. L. N., Aird, K. A., Armstrong, R., Bautz, M., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Chapman, S. C., Cho, H. M., Clocchiatti, A., E-mail: mbayliss@cfa.harvard.edu, and and others. Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45.
Ruel, J., Bayliss, M., Bazin, G., Bocquet, S., Brodwin, M., Foley, R. J., Stalder, B., Ashby, M. L. N., Aird, K. A., Armstrong, R., Bautz, M., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Chapman, S. C., Cho, H. M., Clocchiatti, A., E-mail: mbayliss@cfa.harvard.edu, & and others. Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45.
Ruel, J., Bayliss, M., Bazin, G., Bocquet, S., Brodwin, M., Foley, R. J., Stalder, B., Ashby, M. L. N., Aird, K. A., Armstrong, R., Bautz, M., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Chapman, S. C., Cho, H. M., Clocchiatti, A., E-mail: mbayliss@cfa.harvard.edu, and and others. Mon . "Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45.
@article{osti_22365208,
title = {Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey},
author = {Ruel, J. and Bayliss, M. and Bazin, G. and Bocquet, S. and Brodwin, M. and Foley, R. J. and Stalder, B. and Ashby, M. L. N. and Aird, K. A. and Armstrong, R. and Bautz, M. and Benson, B. A. and Bleem, L. E. and Carlstrom, J. E. and Chang, C. L. and Crawford, T. M. and Crites, A. T. and Chapman, S. C. and Cho, H. M. and Clocchiatti, A., E-mail: mbayliss@cfa.harvard.edu and and others},
abstractNote = {We present optical spectroscopy of galaxies in clusters detected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect with the South Pole Telescope (SPT). We report our own measurements of 61 spectroscopic cluster redshifts, and 48 velocity dispersions each calculated with more than 15 member galaxies. This catalog also includes 19 dispersions of SPT-observed clusters previously reported in the literature. The majority of the clusters in this paper are SPT-discovered; of these, most have been previously reported in other SPT cluster catalogs, and five are reported here as SPT discoveries for the first time. By performing a resampling analysis of galaxy velocities, we find that unbiased velocity dispersions can be obtained from a relatively small number of member galaxies (≲ 30), but with increased systematic scatter. We use this analysis to determine statistical confidence intervals that include the effect of membership selection. We fit scaling relations between the observed cluster velocity dispersions and mass estimates from SZ and X-ray observables. In both cases, the results are consistent with the scaling relation between velocity dispersion and mass expected from dark-matter simulations. We measure a ∼30% log-normal scatter in dispersion at fixed mass, and a ∼10% offset in the normalization of the dispersion-mass relation when compared to the expectation from simulations, which is within the expected level of systematic uncertainty.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 792,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}