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Title: Star formation rate and extinction in faint z ∼ 4 Lyman break galaxies

Abstract

We present a statistical detection of 1.5 GHz radio continuum emission from a sample of faint z ∼ 4 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs). To constrain their extinction and intrinsic star formation rate (SFR), we combine the latest ultradeep Very Large Array 1.5 GHz radio image and the Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) optical images in the GOODS-N. We select a large sample of 1771 z ∼ 4 LBGs from the ACS catalog using B {sub F435W}-dropout color criteria. Our LBG samples have I {sub F775W} ∼ 25-28 (AB), ∼0-3 mag fainter than M{sub UV}{sup ⋆} at z ∼ 4. In our stacked radio images, we find the LBGs to be point-like under our 2'' angular resolution. We measure their mean 1.5 GHz flux by stacking the measurements on the individual objects. We achieve a statistical detection of S {sub 1.5} {sub GHz} = 0.210 ± 0.075 μJy at ∼3σ for the first time on such a faint LBG population at z ∼ 4. The measurement takes into account the effects of source size and blending of multiple objects. The detection is visually confirmed by stacking the radio images of the LBGs, and the uncertainty is quantified withmore » Monte Carlo simulations on the radio image. The stacked radio flux corresponds to an obscured SFR of 16.0 ± 5.7 M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1}, and implies a rest-frame UV extinction correction factor of 3.8. This extinction correction is in excellent agreement with that derived from the observed UV continuum spectral slope, using the local calibration of Meurer et al. This result supports the use of the local calibration on high-redshift LBGs to derive the extinction correction and SFR, and also disfavors a steep reddening curve such as that of the Small Magellanic Cloud.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
  2. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365078
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CALIBRATION; CATALOGS; COLOR; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CORRECTIONS; DETECTION; DUSTS; EMISSION; GALAXIES; GHZ RANGE; LYMAN LINES; MAGELLANIC CLOUDS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; RED SHIFT; RESOLUTION; SPACE; STARS; TELESCOPES

Citation Formats

To, Chun-Hao, Wang, Wei-Hao, and Owen, Frazer N. Star formation rate and extinction in faint z ∼ 4 Lyman break galaxies. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/139.
To, Chun-Hao, Wang, Wei-Hao, & Owen, Frazer N. Star formation rate and extinction in faint z ∼ 4 Lyman break galaxies. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/139.
To, Chun-Hao, Wang, Wei-Hao, and Owen, Frazer N. Wed . "Star formation rate and extinction in faint z ∼ 4 Lyman break galaxies". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/139.
@article{osti_22365078,
title = {Star formation rate and extinction in faint z ∼ 4 Lyman break galaxies},
author = {To, Chun-Hao and Wang, Wei-Hao and Owen, Frazer N.},
abstractNote = {We present a statistical detection of 1.5 GHz radio continuum emission from a sample of faint z ∼ 4 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs). To constrain their extinction and intrinsic star formation rate (SFR), we combine the latest ultradeep Very Large Array 1.5 GHz radio image and the Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) optical images in the GOODS-N. We select a large sample of 1771 z ∼ 4 LBGs from the ACS catalog using B {sub F435W}-dropout color criteria. Our LBG samples have I {sub F775W} ∼ 25-28 (AB), ∼0-3 mag fainter than M{sub UV}{sup ⋆} at z ∼ 4. In our stacked radio images, we find the LBGs to be point-like under our 2'' angular resolution. We measure their mean 1.5 GHz flux by stacking the measurements on the individual objects. We achieve a statistical detection of S {sub 1.5} {sub GHz} = 0.210 ± 0.075 μJy at ∼3σ for the first time on such a faint LBG population at z ∼ 4. The measurement takes into account the effects of source size and blending of multiple objects. The detection is visually confirmed by stacking the radio images of the LBGs, and the uncertainty is quantified with Monte Carlo simulations on the radio image. The stacked radio flux corresponds to an obscured SFR of 16.0 ± 5.7 M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1}, and implies a rest-frame UV extinction correction factor of 3.8. This extinction correction is in excellent agreement with that derived from the observed UV continuum spectral slope, using the local calibration of Meurer et al. This result supports the use of the local calibration on high-redshift LBGs to derive the extinction correction and SFR, and also disfavors a steep reddening curve such as that of the Small Magellanic Cloud.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/139},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 792,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}