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Title: Structural, electrochemical and magnetic characterization of the layered-type PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} perovskite

Abstract

Structural, electrical and magnetic properties of the layered cobaltite PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} have been investigated by means of neutron diffraction, electron diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and SQUID magnetometry. Rietveld analysis of neutron diffraction data shows the ordered distribution of oxygen vacancies in [PrO{sub δ}] planes which doubles the lattice parameters from the simple perovskite cell parameter as a≈2a{sub p} and c≈2a{sub p} (a{sub p} is the cell parameter of the simple Perovskite) yielding tetragonal symmetry in the P4/mmm space group. On heating, above 573 K in air, structural rearrangement takes place and the structure can be defined as a≈a{sub p} and c≈2a{sub p} in the same space group. Oxygen occupancies have been determined as a function of temperature from neutron diffraction results. Initially (≥373 K), oxygen occupancy was increased and then decreased with increasing temperature. It was found that at 973 K the total oxygen loss is calculated about 0.265 oxygen/formula unit. Oxygen vacancy ordering was observed below 573 K, and the oxygen occupancy decreases as cell volume increases with increasing temperature. Area specific resistance (ASR) measurements show a resistance of 0.153 Ωcm{sup 2} and 0.286 Ωcm{sup 2} at 973 K and 923 K, respectively. On cooling, paramagnetic tomore » ferromagnetic and an incomplete ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic transition takes place. Different behaviours in field cooled and zero-field-cooled measurements leads to a coexistence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order. - Graphical abstract: Structural phase changes in PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} at elevated temperatures determined by neutron powder diffraction. Depending on oxygen occupancy it form different phases at different temperatures. This pictures show the schematic 3D diagram of PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} at 295 K (a), 373 K (b) and 573 K (c). Co atoms are inside the octahedra/pyramid. Ba and Sr occupy the same site. Oxygens are in the corner of polyhedra. - Highlights: • Structural phase changes at high temperatures. • Ordered distribution of oxygen vacancies below 573 K. • Double Perovskite type structure below 373 K in the P4/mmm space group. • Structural changes have direct correlation with conductivity. • Low area specific resistance at 973 K.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Applied Materials Science and Engineering, Hanbat National University, San 16-1, Dukmyung-Dong, Yusung-Gu, Daejeon 305-719 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. School of Chemistry, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22334231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 213; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; LATTICE PARAMETERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; OXYGEN; PARAMAGNETISM; PEROVSKITE; SOLID SOLUTIONS; SPACE GROUPS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TETRAGONAL LATTICES; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS

Citation Formats

Azad, Abul K., E-mail: abul.azad@ubd.edu.bn, Faculty of Integrated Technologies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong BE 1410, Kim, Jung H., and Irvine, John T.S. Structural, electrochemical and magnetic characterization of the layered-type PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} perovskite. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.03.008.
Azad, Abul K., E-mail: abul.azad@ubd.edu.bn, Faculty of Integrated Technologies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong BE 1410, Kim, Jung H., & Irvine, John T.S. Structural, electrochemical and magnetic characterization of the layered-type PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} perovskite. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.03.008
Azad, Abul K., E-mail: abul.azad@ubd.edu.bn, Faculty of Integrated Technologies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong BE 1410, Kim, Jung H., and Irvine, John T.S. 2014. "Structural, electrochemical and magnetic characterization of the layered-type PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} perovskite". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.03.008.
@article{osti_22334231,
title = {Structural, electrochemical and magnetic characterization of the layered-type PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} perovskite},
author = {Azad, Abul K., E-mail: abul.azad@ubd.edu.bn and Faculty of Integrated Technologies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong BE 1410 and Kim, Jung H. and Irvine, John T.S.},
abstractNote = {Structural, electrical and magnetic properties of the layered cobaltite PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} have been investigated by means of neutron diffraction, electron diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and SQUID magnetometry. Rietveld analysis of neutron diffraction data shows the ordered distribution of oxygen vacancies in [PrO{sub δ}] planes which doubles the lattice parameters from the simple perovskite cell parameter as a≈2a{sub p} and c≈2a{sub p} (a{sub p} is the cell parameter of the simple Perovskite) yielding tetragonal symmetry in the P4/mmm space group. On heating, above 573 K in air, structural rearrangement takes place and the structure can be defined as a≈a{sub p} and c≈2a{sub p} in the same space group. Oxygen occupancies have been determined as a function of temperature from neutron diffraction results. Initially (≥373 K), oxygen occupancy was increased and then decreased with increasing temperature. It was found that at 973 K the total oxygen loss is calculated about 0.265 oxygen/formula unit. Oxygen vacancy ordering was observed below 573 K, and the oxygen occupancy decreases as cell volume increases with increasing temperature. Area specific resistance (ASR) measurements show a resistance of 0.153 Ωcm{sup 2} and 0.286 Ωcm{sup 2} at 973 K and 923 K, respectively. On cooling, paramagnetic to ferromagnetic and an incomplete ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic transition takes place. Different behaviours in field cooled and zero-field-cooled measurements leads to a coexistence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order. - Graphical abstract: Structural phase changes in PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} at elevated temperatures determined by neutron powder diffraction. Depending on oxygen occupancy it form different phases at different temperatures. This pictures show the schematic 3D diagram of PrBa{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}O{sub 5+δ} at 295 K (a), 373 K (b) and 573 K (c). Co atoms are inside the octahedra/pyramid. Ba and Sr occupy the same site. Oxygens are in the corner of polyhedra. - Highlights: • Structural phase changes at high temperatures. • Ordered distribution of oxygen vacancies below 573 K. • Double Perovskite type structure below 373 K in the P4/mmm space group. • Structural changes have direct correlation with conductivity. • Low area specific resistance at 973 K.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.03.008},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22334231}, journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
issn = {0022-4596},
number = ,
volume = 213,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {5}
}