skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: All-solid-state proton battery using gel polymer electrolyte

Abstract

A proton conducting gel polymer electrolyte system; PMMA+NH{sub 4}SCN+EC/PC, has been prepared. The highest ionic conductivity obtained from the system is 2.5 × 10−4 S cm{sup −1}. The optimized composition of the gel electrolyte has been used to fabricate a proton battery with Zn/ZnSO{sub 4}⋅7H{sub 2}O anode and MnO{sub 2} cathode. The open circuit voltage of the battery is 1.4 V and the highest energy density is 5.7 W h kg−1 for low current drain.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Applied Science and Humanities, ABES Engineering College, Ghaziabad-201009, India and Department of Physics and Materials Science and Engineering, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida-201307 (India)
  2. Department of Physics and Materials Science and Engineering, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida-201307 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22269530
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1591; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 58. DAE solid state physics symposium 2013, Patiala, Punjab (India), 17-21 Dec 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANODES; CATHODES; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTROLYTES; ENERGY DENSITY; GELS; MANGANESE OXIDES; PMMA; PROTON CONDUCTIVITY; SOLIDS

Citation Formats

Mishra, Kuldeep, E-mail: mishkuldeep@gmail.com, Pundir, S. S., and Rai, D. K.. All-solid-state proton battery using gel polymer electrolyte. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4872700.
Mishra, Kuldeep, E-mail: mishkuldeep@gmail.com, Pundir, S. S., & Rai, D. K.. All-solid-state proton battery using gel polymer electrolyte. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4872700.
Mishra, Kuldeep, E-mail: mishkuldeep@gmail.com, Pundir, S. S., and Rai, D. K.. Thu . "All-solid-state proton battery using gel polymer electrolyte". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4872700.
@article{osti_22269530,
title = {All-solid-state proton battery using gel polymer electrolyte},
author = {Mishra, Kuldeep, E-mail: mishkuldeep@gmail.com and Pundir, S. S. and Rai, D. K.},
abstractNote = {A proton conducting gel polymer electrolyte system; PMMA+NH{sub 4}SCN+EC/PC, has been prepared. The highest ionic conductivity obtained from the system is 2.5 × 10−4 S cm{sup −1}. The optimized composition of the gel electrolyte has been used to fabricate a proton battery with Zn/ZnSO{sub 4}⋅7H{sub 2}O anode and MnO{sub 2} cathode. The open circuit voltage of the battery is 1.4 V and the highest energy density is 5.7 W h kg−1 for low current drain.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4872700},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1591,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Apr 24 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Thu Apr 24 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
  • Electrode properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in an all-solid-state lithium ion battery were investigated using poly-ethylene oxide (PEO) solid electrolyte. Charge-discharge curves of SWCNTs in the solid electrolyte cell were successfully observed. It was found that PEO electrolyte decomposes on the surface of SWCNTs.
  • Stable battery operation of a bulk-type all-solid-state lithium-sulfur battery was demonstrated by using a LiBH{sub 4} electrolyte. The electrochemical activity of insulating elemental sulfur as the positive electrode was enhanced by the mutual dispersion of elemental sulfur and carbon in the composite powders. Subsequently, a tight interface between the sulfur-carbon composite and the LiBH{sub 4} powders was manifested only by cold-pressing owing to the highly deformable nature of the LiBH{sub 4} electrolyte. The high reducing ability of LiBH{sub 4} allows using the use of a Li negative electrode that enhances the energy density. The results demonstrate the interface modification ofmore » insulating sulfur and the architecture of an all-solid-state Li-S battery configuration with high energy density.« less
  • An isotropic high-density graphite was used as a polarizable electrode of all-solid state electric double-layer capacitor using polyethylene oxide (PEO) or gel PEO electrolyte. The all-solid-state capacitor with high-density graphite electrodes possesses higher differential capacity than the other flat electrodes in PEO/LiClO{sub 4} ([EO]/[Li{sup +}] = 8:1) solid polymer electrolyte at 80 C or PEO/PC/LiClO{sub 4} ([EO]/[PC]/[Li{sup +}] = 8:8:1) gel electrolyte at ambient temperature. The capacitance of the electric double layer of the high-density graphite electrode was strongly influenced by the cell temperature and concentration of LiClO{sub 4}, because of the different state of the polymer crystallinity and differentmore » interface contact state between the high-density graphite electrode and the solid electrolyte. The all-solid-state capacitor with PEO/LiClO{sub 4} ([EO]/[Li{sup +}] = 8:1) solid polymer electrolyte and PEO/PC/LiClO{sub 4} ([EO]/[PC]/[Li{sup +}] = 8:8:1) gel electrolytes showed good charge/discharge behavior with a relatively high capacitance at 80 and 20 C, respectively.« less
  • Interfacial redox behavior of a heme protein (hemoglobin) confined in a solid polymer electrolyte membrane, Nafion (a perfluoro sulfonic acid ionomer) is investigated using a unique 'all-solid-state' electrochemical methodology. The supple phase-separated structure of the polymer electrolyte membrane, with hydrophilic pools containing solvated protons and water molecules, is found to preserve the incorporated protein in its active form even in the solid-state, using UV-visible, Fluorescence (of Tryptophan and Tyrosine residues) and DRIFT (diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform) spectroscopy. More specifically, solid-state cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance of the protein-incorporated polymer films reveal that the Fe{sup 2+}-form of the entrapped proteinmore » is found to bind molecular oxygen more strongly than the native protein. In the 'all-solid-state' methodology, as there is no need to dip the protein-modified electrode in a liquid electrolyte (like the conventional electrochemical methods), it offers an easier means to study a number of proteins in a variety of polymer matrices (even biomimetic assemblies). In addition, the results of the present investigation could find interesting application in a variety of research disciplines, in addition to its fundamental scientific interest, including protein biotechnology, pharmaceutical and biomimetic chemistry.« less