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Title: Comparing Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy Combined With Intravesical Chemotherapy Versus Intravesical Chemotherapy Alone: A Randomised Prospective Pilot Study for T1G3 Bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma After Bladder-Preserving Surgery

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of intra-arterial chemotherapy combined with intravesical chemotherapy versus intravesical chemotherapy alone for T1G3 bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC) followed by bladder-preserving surgery. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients with T1G3 BTCC were randomly divided into two groups. After bladder-preserving surgery, 29 patients (age 30-80 years, 24 male and 5 female) received intra-arterial chemotherapy in combination with intravesical chemotherapy (group A), whereas 31 patients (age 29-83 years, 26 male and 5 female) were treated with intravesical chemotherapy alone (group B). Twenty-nine patients were treated with intra-arterial epirubicin (50 mg/m{sup 2}) + cisplatin (60 mg/m{sup 2}) chemotherapy 2-3 weeks after bladder-preserving surgery once every 4-6 weeks. All of the patients received the same intravesical chemotherapy: An immediate prophylactic was administered in the first 6 h. After that, therapy was administered one time per week for 8 weeks and then one time per month for 8 months. The instillation drug was epirubicin (50 mg/m{sup 2}) and lasted for 30-40 min each time. The end points were tumour recurrence (stage Ta, T1), tumour progression (to T2 or greater), and disease-specific survival. During median follow-up of 22 months, the overall survival rate, tumour-specific death rate, recurrence rate, progression rate, time tomore » first recurrence, and adverse reactions were compared between groups. Results: The recurrence rates were 10.3 % (3 of 29) in group A and 45.2 % (14 of 31) in group B, and the progression rates were 0 % (0 of 29) in group A and 22.6 % (7 of 31) in group B. There was a significant difference between the two groups regarding recurrence (p = 0.004) and progression rates (p = 0.011). Median times to first recurrence in the two groups were 15 and 6.5 months, respectively. The overall survival rates were 96.6 and 87.1 %, and the tumour-specific death rates were 0 % (0 of 29) and 13.5 % (4 of 31) in groups A and B, respectively. During the intra-arterial chemotherapy cycle, although more than 50 % patients experienced some toxicities, most were minor and reversible [grade 1-2 (46.7 %) vs. grade 1-2 (6.9 %)]. Conclusion: These findings suggest that combining intra-arterial chemotherapy with intravesical chemotherapy could delay tumour recurrence and progression compared with intravesical chemotherapy alone and this type treatment is relatively safe.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]; ; ;  [2]
  1. First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Department of Urology (China)
  2. First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Department of Interventional Oncology (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22207973
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE); http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BLADDER; CARCINOMAS; CHEMOTHERAPY; DEATH; DRUGS; PATIENTS; SURGERY; TOXICITY; VASCULAR DISEASES

Citation Formats

Chen, Junxing, E-mail: Junxingchen@hotmail.com, Yao, Zhijun, E-mail: yaozhijun1985@qq.com, Qiu, Shaopeng, E-mail: qiushp@mail.sysu.edu.cn, Chen, Lingwu, E-mail: chenlingwu@hotmail.com, Wang, Yu, E-mail: zsyyjr@163.com, Yang, Jianyong, E-mail: yangjianyong_2011@163.com, and Li, Jiaping, E-mail: jpli3s@126.com. Comparing Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy Combined With Intravesical Chemotherapy Versus Intravesical Chemotherapy Alone: A Randomised Prospective Pilot Study for T1G3 Bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma After Bladder-Preserving Surgery. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1007/S00270-013-0594-2.
Chen, Junxing, E-mail: Junxingchen@hotmail.com, Yao, Zhijun, E-mail: yaozhijun1985@qq.com, Qiu, Shaopeng, E-mail: qiushp@mail.sysu.edu.cn, Chen, Lingwu, E-mail: chenlingwu@hotmail.com, Wang, Yu, E-mail: zsyyjr@163.com, Yang, Jianyong, E-mail: yangjianyong_2011@163.com, & Li, Jiaping, E-mail: jpli3s@126.com. Comparing Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy Combined With Intravesical Chemotherapy Versus Intravesical Chemotherapy Alone: A Randomised Prospective Pilot Study for T1G3 Bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma After Bladder-Preserving Surgery. United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-013-0594-2.
Chen, Junxing, E-mail: Junxingchen@hotmail.com, Yao, Zhijun, E-mail: yaozhijun1985@qq.com, Qiu, Shaopeng, E-mail: qiushp@mail.sysu.edu.cn, Chen, Lingwu, E-mail: chenlingwu@hotmail.com, Wang, Yu, E-mail: zsyyjr@163.com, Yang, Jianyong, E-mail: yangjianyong_2011@163.com, and Li, Jiaping, E-mail: jpli3s@126.com. 2013. "Comparing Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy Combined With Intravesical Chemotherapy Versus Intravesical Chemotherapy Alone: A Randomised Prospective Pilot Study for T1G3 Bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma After Bladder-Preserving Surgery". United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-013-0594-2.
@article{osti_22207973,
title = {Comparing Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy Combined With Intravesical Chemotherapy Versus Intravesical Chemotherapy Alone: A Randomised Prospective Pilot Study for T1G3 Bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma After Bladder-Preserving Surgery},
author = {Chen, Junxing, E-mail: Junxingchen@hotmail.com and Yao, Zhijun, E-mail: yaozhijun1985@qq.com and Qiu, Shaopeng, E-mail: qiushp@mail.sysu.edu.cn and Chen, Lingwu, E-mail: chenlingwu@hotmail.com and Wang, Yu, E-mail: zsyyjr@163.com and Yang, Jianyong, E-mail: yangjianyong_2011@163.com and Li, Jiaping, E-mail: jpli3s@126.com},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To compare the efficacy of intra-arterial chemotherapy combined with intravesical chemotherapy versus intravesical chemotherapy alone for T1G3 bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC) followed by bladder-preserving surgery. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients with T1G3 BTCC were randomly divided into two groups. After bladder-preserving surgery, 29 patients (age 30-80 years, 24 male and 5 female) received intra-arterial chemotherapy in combination with intravesical chemotherapy (group A), whereas 31 patients (age 29-83 years, 26 male and 5 female) were treated with intravesical chemotherapy alone (group B). Twenty-nine patients were treated with intra-arterial epirubicin (50 mg/m{sup 2}) + cisplatin (60 mg/m{sup 2}) chemotherapy 2-3 weeks after bladder-preserving surgery once every 4-6 weeks. All of the patients received the same intravesical chemotherapy: An immediate prophylactic was administered in the first 6 h. After that, therapy was administered one time per week for 8 weeks and then one time per month for 8 months. The instillation drug was epirubicin (50 mg/m{sup 2}) and lasted for 30-40 min each time. The end points were tumour recurrence (stage Ta, T1), tumour progression (to T2 or greater), and disease-specific survival. During median follow-up of 22 months, the overall survival rate, tumour-specific death rate, recurrence rate, progression rate, time to first recurrence, and adverse reactions were compared between groups. Results: The recurrence rates were 10.3 % (3 of 29) in group A and 45.2 % (14 of 31) in group B, and the progression rates were 0 % (0 of 29) in group A and 22.6 % (7 of 31) in group B. There was a significant difference between the two groups regarding recurrence (p = 0.004) and progression rates (p = 0.011). Median times to first recurrence in the two groups were 15 and 6.5 months, respectively. The overall survival rates were 96.6 and 87.1 %, and the tumour-specific death rates were 0 % (0 of 29) and 13.5 % (4 of 31) in groups A and B, respectively. During the intra-arterial chemotherapy cycle, although more than 50 % patients experienced some toxicities, most were minor and reversible [grade 1-2 (46.7 %) vs. grade 1-2 (6.9 %)]. Conclusion: These findings suggest that combining intra-arterial chemotherapy with intravesical chemotherapy could delay tumour recurrence and progression compared with intravesical chemotherapy alone and this type treatment is relatively safe.},
doi = {10.1007/S00270-013-0594-2},
journal = {Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology},
number = 6,
volume = 36,
place = {United States},
year = 2013,
month =
}
  • A total of 17 patients with superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder underwent treatment with pelvic external beam irradiation followed by an intracavitary 137-cesium implant via a triple lumen Foley catheter. Of these patients 11 had recurrent and multifocal superficial cancer, with 8 having relapse after prior intravesical chemotherapy. External beam doses of 3,600 to 5,066 cGy. were followed by implant doses delivering 2,000 to 3,200 cGy. to the bladder mucosa, with the sum of external and intracavitary doses totaling 6,500 to 7,500 cGy. Of 15 patients evaluable with a median followup of 48 months, and including 13 followedmore » for more than 2 years, 11 (73 per cent) remain free of disease, 3 (20 per cent) have recurrence in the bladder but have retained the bladder and only 1 has required cystectomy. All 4 failures occurred in the subgroup of 8 patients who had received prior intravesical chemotherapy. This bladder-sparing approach is well tolerated, is an alternative to cystectomy in patients with recurrent superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder and in our series has salvaged 50 per cent (4 of 8) of the patients even after failure of intravesical chemotherapy.« less
  • Purpose: To present outcomes of bladder-preserving therapy with proton beam irradiation in patients with invasive bladder cancer. Methods and Materials: Twenty-five patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder, cT2-3N0M0, underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor(s), followed by pelvic X-ray irradiation combined with intra-arterial chemotherapy with methotrexate and cisplatin. Upon completion of these treatments, patients were evaluated by transurethral resection biopsy. Patients with no residual tumor received proton irradiation boost to the primary sites, whereas patients demonstrating residual tumors underwent radical cystectomy. Results: Of 25 patients, 23 (92%) were free of residual tumor at the time of re-evaluation; consequently,more » proton beam therapy was applied. The remaining 2 patients presenting with residual tumors underwent radical cystectomy. Of the 23 patients treated with proton beam therapy, 9 experienced recurrence at the median follow-up time of 4.8 years: local recurrences and distant metastases in 6 and 2 patients, respectively, and both situations in 1. The 5-year overall, disease-free, and cause-specific survival rates were 60%, 50%, and 80%, respectively. The 5-year local control and bladder-preservation rates were 73% and 96%, respectively, in the patients treated with proton beam therapy. Therapy-related toxicities of Grade 3-4 were observed in 9 patients: hematologic toxicities in 6, pulmonary thrombosis in 1, and hemorrhagic cystitis in 2. Conclusions: The present bladder-preserving regimen for invasive bladder cancer was feasible and effective. Proton beam therapy might improve local control and facilitate bladder preservation.« less
  • Purpose:We evaluated the effects of intra-arterial infusion therapy by comparing the results obtained with a combination of intra-arterial anticancer drugs with and without transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) in patients with cervical cancer.Methods:Between April 1999 and March 2003, intra-arterial therapy was administered to 45 patients (mean age 49 years) with cervical cancer. Of these, 18 had stage IIb , 4 had stage IIIa, 19 had stage IIIb, and 4 had stage IVb cancer; the histopathologic types were squamous cell carcinoma (n = 35), adenocarcinoma (n = 8), and adenosquamous carcinoma (n = 2). A total of 45 patients gave their informedmore » consent and were randomized on a continuous basis into one of three groups according to the therapeutic protocols: group A consisted of 15 patients who received cisplatin, group B consisted of 17 patients who received cisplatin, mitomycin, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and 5-fluorouracil, and group C consisted of 13 patients who received cisplatin and TAE. Each protocol was administered twice with a 3 week interval between treatments. The efficacy of treatment was evaluated on the basis of the tumor reduction ratio (%) using MR imaging and the side effects were analyzed.Results:In groups A, B, and C, the tumor reduction ratio was 54%, 84%, and 86%, respectively; it was significantly greater in groups B and C than in group A (p < 0.01). The difference between groups B and C was not statistically significant. Although all group C patients developed severe pain after TAE, the pain was controlled with analgesics. Thrombocytopenia occurred in 6 of 17 (35%) group B patients.Conclusion:Group B and C patients had better tumor reduction than those in group A. Fewer hematologic complications occurred in group C patients compared with group B.« less
  • Between June 1980 and December 1983, 111 patients with inoperable epidermoid bronchogenic carcinoma (limited disease) were entered into a randomized trial comparing radiotherapy alone versus radiotherapy and combination chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin (doxorubicin), methotrexate, and procarbazine. Thirty-five of 62 (56.4%) patients treated with 4500 rad in 15 fractions in 3 weeks and 19 of 49 (38.8%) patients treated with the same radiation treatment and chemotherapy had an objective response. The difference in response rate was not significant (P = 0.900). Median time to progression was 5.9 and 7.02 months, respectively, for the radiation treatment and the combined treatment. Median survivalmore » was 11.74 and 10.03 months, respectively, without statistically significant differences between the two groups of patients. The toxicity was acceptable and no treatment-related death occurred in either treatment schedule. In this study no significant superiority of combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment over radiation therapy alone was evidenced. Whether different chemotherapy regimens may prove more effective in this context should be clarified by further studies.« less
  • Purpose: A prospective randomized trial was performed to evaluate the efficacy of concurrent chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in endemic regions of China. Methods and Materials: Between July 2002 and September 2005, 316 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive either radiotherapy alone (RT) or chemoradiotherapy concurrent with adjuvant chemotherapy (CRT). All patients received 70 Gy in 7 weeks using standard RT portals and techniques. The CRT patients were given concurrent cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2} on Day 1) weekly during RT, followed by cisplatin (80 mg/m{sup 2} on Day 1) and fluorouracil (800more » mg/m{sup 2} on Days 1-5) every 4 weeks (Weeks 5, 9, and 13) for three cycles after completion of RT. All patients were analyzed by intent-to-treat analysis. Results: The two groups were well-balanced in all prognostic factors and RT parameters. The CRT group experienced significantly more acute toxicity (62.6% vs. 32%, p = 0.000). A total of 107 patients (68%) and 97 patients (61%) completed all cycles of concurrent chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy, with a median follow-up time of 29 months. The 2-year overall survival rate, failure-free survival rate, distant failure-free survival rate, and locoregional failure-free survival rate for the CRT and RT groups were 89.8% vs. 79.7% (p = 0.003), 84.6% vs. 72.5% (p = 0.001), 86.5% vs. 78.7% (p = 0.024), and 98.0% vs. 91.9% (p = 0.007), respectively. Conclusions: This trial demonstrated the significant survival benefits of concurrent chemotherapy plus adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locoregionally advanced NPC in endemic regions of China.« less