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Title: CLASH: THREE STRONGLY LENSED IMAGES OF A CANDIDATE z Almost-Equal-To 11 GALAXY

Abstract

We present a candidate for the most distant galaxy known to date with a photometric redshift of z = 10.7{sup +0.6} {sub -0.4} (95% confidence limits; with z < 9.5 galaxies of known types ruled out at 7.2{sigma}). This J-dropout Lyman break galaxy, named MACS0647-JD, was discovered as part of the Cluster Lensing and Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH). We observe three magnified images of this galaxy due to strong gravitational lensing by the galaxy cluster MACSJ0647.7+7015 at z = 0.591. The images are magnified by factors of {approx}80, 7, and 2, with the brighter two observed at {approx}26th magnitude AB ({approx}0.15 {mu}Jy) in the WFC3/IR F160W filter ({approx}1.4-1.7 {mu}m) where they are detected at {approx}>12{sigma}. All three images are also confidently detected at {approx}>6{sigma} in F140W ({approx}1.2-1.6 {mu}m), dropping out of detection from 15 lower wavelength Hubble Space Telescope filters ({approx}0.2-1.4 {mu}m), and lacking bright detections in Spitzer/IRAC 3.6 {mu}m and 4.5 {mu}m imaging ({approx}3.2-5.0 {mu}m). We rule out a broad range of possible lower redshift interlopers, including some previously published as high-redshift candidates. Our high-redshift conclusion is more conservative than if we had neglected a Bayesian photometric redshift prior. Given CLASH observations of 17 high-mass clusters to date,more » our discoveries of MACS0647-JD at z {approx} 10.8 and MACS1149-JD at z {approx} 9.6 are consistent with a lensed luminosity function extrapolated from lower redshifts. This would suggest that low-luminosity galaxies could have reionized the universe. However, given the significant uncertainties based on only two galaxies, we cannot yet rule out the sharp drop-off in number counts at z {approx}> 10 suggested by field searches.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]; ; ;  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]; ;  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13] more »; « less
  1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  2. Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Zentrum fuer Astronomie, Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, D-29120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  3. Department of Astronomy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (China)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  5. Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, NL-2333 Leiden (Netherlands)
  6. Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
  7. Instituts fuer Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universitaes-Sternwarte Muenchen, D-81679 Muenchen (Germany)
  8. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London (United Kingdom)
  9. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, La Canada Flintridge, CA (United States)
  10. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Siena College, Loudonville, NY (United States)
  11. Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie (MPIA), D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  12. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (United States)
  13. Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (IAA-CSIC), E-18008 Granada (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22167308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 762; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; DETECTION; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; IMAGES; LUMINOSITY; MASS; RED SHIFT; TELESCOPES; UNIVERSE

Citation Formats

Coe, Dan, Postman, Marc, Bradley, Larry, Koekemoer, Anton, Zitrin, Adi, Carrasco, Mauricio, Shu, Xinwen, Zheng, Wei, Ford, Holland, Rodney, Steven A., Bouwens, Rychard, Broadhurst, Tom, Monna, Anna, Host, Ole, Jouvel, Stephanie, Moustakas, Leonidas A., Moustakas, John, Van der Wel, Arjen, Donahue, Megan, Benitez, Narciso, and others, and. CLASH: THREE STRONGLY LENSED IMAGES OF A CANDIDATE z Almost-Equal-To 11 GALAXY. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/762/1/32.
Coe, Dan, Postman, Marc, Bradley, Larry, Koekemoer, Anton, Zitrin, Adi, Carrasco, Mauricio, Shu, Xinwen, Zheng, Wei, Ford, Holland, Rodney, Steven A., Bouwens, Rychard, Broadhurst, Tom, Monna, Anna, Host, Ole, Jouvel, Stephanie, Moustakas, Leonidas A., Moustakas, John, Van der Wel, Arjen, Donahue, Megan, Benitez, Narciso, & others, and. CLASH: THREE STRONGLY LENSED IMAGES OF A CANDIDATE z Almost-Equal-To 11 GALAXY. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/762/1/32
Coe, Dan, Postman, Marc, Bradley, Larry, Koekemoer, Anton, Zitrin, Adi, Carrasco, Mauricio, Shu, Xinwen, Zheng, Wei, Ford, Holland, Rodney, Steven A., Bouwens, Rychard, Broadhurst, Tom, Monna, Anna, Host, Ole, Jouvel, Stephanie, Moustakas, Leonidas A., Moustakas, John, Van der Wel, Arjen, Donahue, Megan, Benitez, Narciso, and others, and. Tue . "CLASH: THREE STRONGLY LENSED IMAGES OF A CANDIDATE z Almost-Equal-To 11 GALAXY". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/762/1/32.
@article{osti_22167308,
title = {CLASH: THREE STRONGLY LENSED IMAGES OF A CANDIDATE z Almost-Equal-To 11 GALAXY},
author = {Coe, Dan and Postman, Marc and Bradley, Larry and Koekemoer, Anton and Zitrin, Adi and Carrasco, Mauricio and Shu, Xinwen and Zheng, Wei and Ford, Holland and Rodney, Steven A. and Bouwens, Rychard and Broadhurst, Tom and Monna, Anna and Host, Ole and Jouvel, Stephanie and Moustakas, Leonidas A. and Moustakas, John and Van der Wel, Arjen and Donahue, Megan and Benitez, Narciso and others, and},
abstractNote = {We present a candidate for the most distant galaxy known to date with a photometric redshift of z = 10.7{sup +0.6} {sub -0.4} (95% confidence limits; with z < 9.5 galaxies of known types ruled out at 7.2{sigma}). This J-dropout Lyman break galaxy, named MACS0647-JD, was discovered as part of the Cluster Lensing and Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH). We observe three magnified images of this galaxy due to strong gravitational lensing by the galaxy cluster MACSJ0647.7+7015 at z = 0.591. The images are magnified by factors of {approx}80, 7, and 2, with the brighter two observed at {approx}26th magnitude AB ({approx}0.15 {mu}Jy) in the WFC3/IR F160W filter ({approx}1.4-1.7 {mu}m) where they are detected at {approx}>12{sigma}. All three images are also confidently detected at {approx}>6{sigma} in F140W ({approx}1.2-1.6 {mu}m), dropping out of detection from 15 lower wavelength Hubble Space Telescope filters ({approx}0.2-1.4 {mu}m), and lacking bright detections in Spitzer/IRAC 3.6 {mu}m and 4.5 {mu}m imaging ({approx}3.2-5.0 {mu}m). We rule out a broad range of possible lower redshift interlopers, including some previously published as high-redshift candidates. Our high-redshift conclusion is more conservative than if we had neglected a Bayesian photometric redshift prior. Given CLASH observations of 17 high-mass clusters to date, our discoveries of MACS0647-JD at z {approx} 10.8 and MACS1149-JD at z {approx} 9.6 are consistent with a lensed luminosity function extrapolated from lower redshifts. This would suggest that low-luminosity galaxies could have reionized the universe. However, given the significant uncertainties based on only two galaxies, we cannot yet rule out the sharp drop-off in number counts at z {approx}> 10 suggested by field searches.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/762/1/32},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22167308}, journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 762,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {1}
}