skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Oxalyl chloride, ClC(O)C(O)Cl: UV/vis spectrum and Cl atom photolysis quantum yields at 193, 248, and 351 nm

Abstract

Oxalyl chloride, (ClCO){sub 2}, has been used as a Cl atom photolytic precursor in numerous laboratory kinetic and photochemical studies. In this study, the UV/vis absorption spectrum of (ClCO){sub 2} and the Cl atom quantum yields in its photolysis at 193, 248, and 351 nm are reported. The UV/vis spectrum was measured between 200 and 450 nm at 296 K using diode array spectroscopy in conjunction with an absolute cross section obtained at 213.9 nm. Our results are in agreement with the spectrum reported by Baklanov and Krasnoperov [J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 97-103 (2001)], which was obtained at 11 discrete wavelengths between 193.3 and 390 nm. Cl atom quantum yields, {Phi}({lambda}), were measured using pulsed laser photolysis coupled with time resolved atomic resonance fluorescence detection of Cl. The UV photolysis of (ClCO){sub 2} has been shown in previous studies to occur via an impulsive three-body dissociation mechanism, (COCl){sub 2}+ hv{yields} ClCO*+ Cl + CO (2), where the excited ClCO radical, ClCO*, either dissociates or stabilizes ClCO*{yields} Cl + CO (3a), {yields} ClCO (3b). ClCO is thermally unstable at the temperatures (253-298 K) and total pressures (13-128 Torr) used in our experiments ClCO + M {yields} Cl + CO +more » M (4) leading to the formation of a secondary Cl atom that was resolvable in the Cl atom temporal profiles obtained in the 248 and 351 nm photolysis of (ClCO){sub 2}. {Phi}(193 nm) was found to be 2.07 {+-} 0.37 independent of bath gas pressure (25.8-105.7 Torr, N{sub 2}), i.e., the branching ratio for channel 2a or the direct formation of 2Cl + 2CO in the photolysis of (ClCO){sub 2} is >0.95. At 248 nm, the branching ratio for channel 2a was determined to be 0.79 {+-} 0.15, while the total Cl atom yield, i.e., following the completion of reaction (4), was found to be 1.98 {+-} 0.26 independent of bath gas pressure (15-70 Torr, N{sub 2}). {Phi}(351 nm) was found to be pressure dependent between 7.8 and 122.4 Torr (He, N{sub 2}). The low-pressure limit of the total Cl atom quantum yield, {Phi}{sub 0}(351 nm), was 2.05 {+-} 0.24. As part of this work, rate coefficients for the thermal decomposition of ClCO were measured between 253 and 298 K at total pressures between 13 and 128 Torr (He and N{sub 2} bath gases). The N{sub 2} bath gas results were combined with the data reported in Nicovich et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 92, 3539-3544 (1990)] to yield k{sub 4}(T, N{sub 2}) = (4.7 {+-} 0.7) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} exp [-(2987 {+-} 16)/T] cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1}, while the He bath gas data fit yielded k{sub 4}(T, He) = (2.3 {+-} 2.1) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} exp [-(2886 {+-} 218)/T] cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The quoted uncertainties are at the 2{sigma} level from the precision of the fit. In addition, the room temperature rate coefficient for the Cl + ClNO reaction was measured in this work to be (1.03 {+-} 0.10) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1}.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Earth System Research Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22099068
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 137; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2012 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; BRANCHING RATIO; CARBON MONOXIDE; CROSS SECTIONS; DISSOCIATION; PHOTOCHEMISTRY; PHOTOLYSIS; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; PYROLYSIS; REACTION KINETICS; RESONANCE FLUORESCENCE; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA; VISIBLE SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Ghosh, Buddhadeb, Papanastasiou, Dimitrios K., Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, and Burkholder, James B. Oxalyl chloride, ClC(O)C(O)Cl: UV/vis spectrum and Cl atom photolysis quantum yields at 193, 248, and 351 nm. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4755769.
Ghosh, Buddhadeb, Papanastasiou, Dimitrios K., Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, & Burkholder, James B. Oxalyl chloride, ClC(O)C(O)Cl: UV/vis spectrum and Cl atom photolysis quantum yields at 193, 248, and 351 nm. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4755769.
Ghosh, Buddhadeb, Papanastasiou, Dimitrios K., Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, and Burkholder, James B. Sun . "Oxalyl chloride, ClC(O)C(O)Cl: UV/vis spectrum and Cl atom photolysis quantum yields at 193, 248, and 351 nm". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4755769.
@article{osti_22099068,
title = {Oxalyl chloride, ClC(O)C(O)Cl: UV/vis spectrum and Cl atom photolysis quantum yields at 193, 248, and 351 nm},
author = {Ghosh, Buddhadeb and Papanastasiou, Dimitrios K. and Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 and Burkholder, James B.},
abstractNote = {Oxalyl chloride, (ClCO){sub 2}, has been used as a Cl atom photolytic precursor in numerous laboratory kinetic and photochemical studies. In this study, the UV/vis absorption spectrum of (ClCO){sub 2} and the Cl atom quantum yields in its photolysis at 193, 248, and 351 nm are reported. The UV/vis spectrum was measured between 200 and 450 nm at 296 K using diode array spectroscopy in conjunction with an absolute cross section obtained at 213.9 nm. Our results are in agreement with the spectrum reported by Baklanov and Krasnoperov [J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 97-103 (2001)], which was obtained at 11 discrete wavelengths between 193.3 and 390 nm. Cl atom quantum yields, {Phi}({lambda}), were measured using pulsed laser photolysis coupled with time resolved atomic resonance fluorescence detection of Cl. The UV photolysis of (ClCO){sub 2} has been shown in previous studies to occur via an impulsive three-body dissociation mechanism, (COCl){sub 2}+ hv{yields} ClCO*+ Cl + CO (2), where the excited ClCO radical, ClCO*, either dissociates or stabilizes ClCO*{yields} Cl + CO (3a), {yields} ClCO (3b). ClCO is thermally unstable at the temperatures (253-298 K) and total pressures (13-128 Torr) used in our experiments ClCO + M {yields} Cl + CO + M (4) leading to the formation of a secondary Cl atom that was resolvable in the Cl atom temporal profiles obtained in the 248 and 351 nm photolysis of (ClCO){sub 2}. {Phi}(193 nm) was found to be 2.07 {+-} 0.37 independent of bath gas pressure (25.8-105.7 Torr, N{sub 2}), i.e., the branching ratio for channel 2a or the direct formation of 2Cl + 2CO in the photolysis of (ClCO){sub 2} is >0.95. At 248 nm, the branching ratio for channel 2a was determined to be 0.79 {+-} 0.15, while the total Cl atom yield, i.e., following the completion of reaction (4), was found to be 1.98 {+-} 0.26 independent of bath gas pressure (15-70 Torr, N{sub 2}). {Phi}(351 nm) was found to be pressure dependent between 7.8 and 122.4 Torr (He, N{sub 2}). The low-pressure limit of the total Cl atom quantum yield, {Phi}{sub 0}(351 nm), was 2.05 {+-} 0.24. As part of this work, rate coefficients for the thermal decomposition of ClCO were measured between 253 and 298 K at total pressures between 13 and 128 Torr (He and N{sub 2} bath gases). The N{sub 2} bath gas results were combined with the data reported in Nicovich et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 92, 3539-3544 (1990)] to yield k{sub 4}(T, N{sub 2}) = (4.7 {+-} 0.7) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} exp [-(2987 {+-} 16)/T] cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1}, while the He bath gas data fit yielded k{sub 4}(T, He) = (2.3 {+-} 2.1) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} exp [-(2886 {+-} 218)/T] cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The quoted uncertainties are at the 2{sigma} level from the precision of the fit. In addition, the room temperature rate coefficient for the Cl + ClNO reaction was measured in this work to be (1.03 {+-} 0.10) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1}.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4755769},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
issn = {0021-9606},
number = 16,
volume = 137,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {10}
}