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Title: QUALITATIVE INTERPRETATION OF GALAXY SPECTRA

Abstract

We describe a simple step-by-step guide to qualitative interpretation of galaxy spectra. Rather than an alternative to existing automated tools, it is put forward as an instrument for quick-look analysis and for gaining physical insight when interpreting the outputs provided by automated tools. Though the recipe is for general application, it was developed for understanding the nature of the Automatic Spectroscopic K-means-based (ASK) template spectra. They resulted from the classification of all the galaxy spectra in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data release 7, thus being a comprehensive representation of the galaxy spectra in the local universe. Using the recipe, we give a description of the properties of the gas and the stars that characterize the ASK classes, from those corresponding to passively evolving galaxies, to H II galaxies undergoing a galaxy-wide starburst. The qualitative analysis is found to be in excellent agreement with quantitative analyses of the same spectra. We compare the mean ages of the stellar populations with those inferred using the code STARLIGHT. We also examine the estimated gas-phase metallicity with the metallicities obtained using electron-temperature-based methods. A number of byproducts follow from the analysis. There is a tight correlation between the age of the stellar populationmore » and the metallicity of the gas, which is stronger than the correlations between galaxy mass and stellar age, and galaxy mass and gas metallicity. The galaxy spectra are known to follow a one-dimensional sequence, and we identify the luminosity-weighted mean stellar age as the affine parameter that describes the sequence. All ASK classes happen to have a significant fraction of old stars, although spectrum-wise they are outshined by the youngest populations. Old stars are metal-rich or metal-poor depending on whether they reside in passive galaxies or in star-forming galaxies.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]
  1. Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)
  2. Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica, Tonantzintla, Puebla (Mexico)
  3. Departamento de Fisica-CFM, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, P.O. Box 476, 88040-900 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22092351
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 756; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRELATIONS; DATA ANALYSIS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; EMISSION SPECTRA; GALAXIES; HYDROGEN; LUMINOSITY; METALS; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; S CODES; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; UNIVERSE

Citation Formats

Sanchez Almeida, J., Morales-Luis, A. B., Terlevich, R., Terlevich, E., and Cid Fernandes, R., E-mail: jos@iac.es, E-mail: abml@iac.es, E-mail: rjt@ast.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: eterlevi@inaoep.mx, E-mail: cid@astro.ufsc.br. QUALITATIVE INTERPRETATION OF GALAXY SPECTRA. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/163.
Sanchez Almeida, J., Morales-Luis, A. B., Terlevich, R., Terlevich, E., & Cid Fernandes, R., E-mail: jos@iac.es, E-mail: abml@iac.es, E-mail: rjt@ast.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: eterlevi@inaoep.mx, E-mail: cid@astro.ufsc.br. QUALITATIVE INTERPRETATION OF GALAXY SPECTRA. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/163.
Sanchez Almeida, J., Morales-Luis, A. B., Terlevich, R., Terlevich, E., and Cid Fernandes, R., E-mail: jos@iac.es, E-mail: abml@iac.es, E-mail: rjt@ast.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: eterlevi@inaoep.mx, E-mail: cid@astro.ufsc.br. Mon . "QUALITATIVE INTERPRETATION OF GALAXY SPECTRA". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/163.
@article{osti_22092351,
title = {QUALITATIVE INTERPRETATION OF GALAXY SPECTRA},
author = {Sanchez Almeida, J. and Morales-Luis, A. B. and Terlevich, R. and Terlevich, E. and Cid Fernandes, R., E-mail: jos@iac.es, E-mail: abml@iac.es, E-mail: rjt@ast.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: eterlevi@inaoep.mx, E-mail: cid@astro.ufsc.br},
abstractNote = {We describe a simple step-by-step guide to qualitative interpretation of galaxy spectra. Rather than an alternative to existing automated tools, it is put forward as an instrument for quick-look analysis and for gaining physical insight when interpreting the outputs provided by automated tools. Though the recipe is for general application, it was developed for understanding the nature of the Automatic Spectroscopic K-means-based (ASK) template spectra. They resulted from the classification of all the galaxy spectra in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data release 7, thus being a comprehensive representation of the galaxy spectra in the local universe. Using the recipe, we give a description of the properties of the gas and the stars that characterize the ASK classes, from those corresponding to passively evolving galaxies, to H II galaxies undergoing a galaxy-wide starburst. The qualitative analysis is found to be in excellent agreement with quantitative analyses of the same spectra. We compare the mean ages of the stellar populations with those inferred using the code STARLIGHT. We also examine the estimated gas-phase metallicity with the metallicities obtained using electron-temperature-based methods. A number of byproducts follow from the analysis. There is a tight correlation between the age of the stellar population and the metallicity of the gas, which is stronger than the correlations between galaxy mass and stellar age, and galaxy mass and gas metallicity. The galaxy spectra are known to follow a one-dimensional sequence, and we identify the luminosity-weighted mean stellar age as the affine parameter that describes the sequence. All ASK classes happen to have a significant fraction of old stars, although spectrum-wise they are outshined by the youngest populations. Old stars are metal-rich or metal-poor depending on whether they reside in passive galaxies or in star-forming galaxies.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/163},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 756,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Sep 10 00:00:00 EDT 2012},
month = {Mon Sep 10 00:00:00 EDT 2012}
}
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